Why Wilson is Waiting
U hn u nite ''Tio \\dr Situation in the l n:t*d Stiftes," et
I’.UI |Ult S No 1 K. In tfi. Ju n, issue Lí vx
Agité# t . Lirut tohI of the ÍK rman pint III M>Xico, wh irfhit us c • da t!o .1 tin’nenn Semite fen dugs ago. The artndt published at time gni'f full details of the plotting of l on l*apt n and. Horst rop Holtz: bon both I illa and Carranza u t re fumy ft nanet d and su ppb* a Ch armsj in short, hoir trouble for l neb Sam aas lu im} stinod up. Moss l.aut s artiebs I.KAN S bare for tin past two gears gn ■ u
tin msidi story of fit naan activities on this side of .1 tlaptir: tin hare ft i und with i n-forrnatiien that no either pufdiratinn has d to gmi and that no other urdir has tuen m a position to steurt. M v I.KAN s has futn consisti ntlg "scooping tin)’continent. following artndt uns in type two weeks In fort the txpt/sury of stort] s Me.neon plots so complettfy upset tin diplomatic World
HISTORY is being enaeted in the United States to-day a great deal faster than it can be written.
As I write. American ships are moving out of New York harbor for European norts in defiance of Germany’s submarine zore. They are not arming for the present because if they were armed that fact might seem to give excuse for Germany’s attacks on neutral merchantmen. As I write also. American ships are being synk. Several American lives have been lost on ships torpedoed by German submarines. Congress has endorsed the President and the President has flatly refused to parley any more with German diplomacv. Bernstorff has sailed for Germany ard the whole country here is smarting with suppressed fury over the indignities shown the American Ambassador and his staff.
Why, then, has the President seemed to hesitate? I cannot answer that. I can only set down a series of occurrences and fact? from which you must draw your, own inferences.
O SOONER had the diplomatic break ~ taken place than .American households employing German secants were startled by the sudden leave taking of Gardener, furnace man, butler, waiter— of German birth. A dozen households in Washington and New York awakened one morning to find there was no man to -hovel the snow; there was no cook. The German chauffeur had left. The German butler was ill. The German furnace man had a colic. The German clerk had a sudden chilblain. Xírocer, baker, candlestick maker—all had some sudden call from their daily vocation. Nor had the thing arisen from discourtesy or hostility from the American public. The American publb* i - the mo'st patient and good natured
in the wide world. It ha? been too patient for two and a half long years.
But just now people have realized how terribly near the nation is hovering to at; abyss. There is restraint. There i.studied carefulness. Bernstorff. whose staff have perpetrated every crime in the calendar, which one nation could plot against another, left these shores without ore word or sign of hostility from New -York to San Francisco. But piea?e note —there was no cheering. Except for the hand wavings of his own personal friends, there was not a signal of kindline?? as the •deamer moved away from her dock. Bernstorff must have been conscious of the frigid atmosphere; for he deliberately prolonged his shaving the morning he went on board to avoid showing himself to observers; and when he did present himself over the steamer rail for the squad of camera men. he was careful to appear with his wife—an American woman—and the wife—also another American woman—of a member of his staff ; but the 'Count need have had r.o apprehensions. There was none of the mob manifestation that hounded him after the i.usitania. There has been no sign of hostility to any German in the United States* Why. then, the hurried hegira of German servants; and whither?
It has beer, very much like last winter, when the U.S. Secret Service got wind of German Reservist? being massed or. the Canadian border. A sudden order had been sent out from the German* Embassy for all Germans to hide'or get rid of personal arms. If exposure came, the German Reservists—of whom there are ♦ >00,000 in the United States—were not going to be caught with "the goods or." .
In this case, the U.S. Secret Service put shadows on the trail of the Germans suddenly throwing up their regular job.?.
Please note! Where did they go? One and all headed for the Mexican border. For a few days it was thought Bernstorff.
himself, might retire to Mexico; and old fluffy whiskered Carranza, who has been a pup-
pet in the hands of w h atever plotter put up the most money, signalized the occasion by wiring a request for the United
States "to __
prohibit the 1 s flirtation
nf all munitions." Also, 'Villa, the bami t kader, signalized the occasion by risi: c fiom the dead and raiding the America! ♦'order just as Pershing withdrew h*troops. Obregon, Madr-egon, Trevinoone leader of Irish origin (O’Brien), two of German—suddenly-became very active. And the election in Cuba suddenly flamed into a "baby” revolution. Please remem i-er some facts here! It was along th ¡•order of Mexico that Von Rintelen. Yon Papen and Boy-Ed laid some of the deep e-t plots. It was in Mexican waters thar German submarines, operating on th:?ide of the Atlantic, were supposed have had a base to lie in wait for oil tank er? carrying oil from Mexico to the Bnt ish navy. And it was in Mexico that Yon Rintelen spent German gold in floods. There was not a revolutionist in Mexico whom Yon Rintelen at some period did not finance.
' I*HERE are still in Germany two or A three thousand Americans. Asimilar number still live in Austria; and in Tur key and Asia Minor are American families — missionaries, teachers, business people — as defenceless against the foe* around them as the very Armenians.
Are the reasons not apparent why the President has hesitated and waited before declaring war? Has he not been giving Americans in the zone of danger time to escape for their lives? May he not want to master the peril within his borders be fore essaying to challenge the dangerwithout?
From tire window where I sit you cai see down Fifth Avenue almost to the Battery. Flags are blowing from every window. As the troops march past and the band plays, men do not run shouting a.they did when the boys left for Mexico. They take off their hats, and look very grave. For the nation is up against the duty it has been shirking and side-step ping for two years; and it is just as unprepared now. when torced by fate to ad. as it was two years ago, when prompted hg honor. The regular army would scarcely muster 80.000 strong. The navy is 1 7.000 men short of requirements; and recruiting i,discouragingly slow.
The United States, the home and orign of the submarine, with a coast of 8.000 miles to defend, has fewer submarine? than Holland or Denmark. • This country, the home and origin of the aeroplane, has almo?t no aeroplanes for defence. (One American firm is shipping 7,000 of it?
aeroplanes a year to the Allies. It cannot obtain an order for one in its own land.) This country, the home and origin of the Lewis gun—ithe swift-
est firing gun in the which h
30,000 Lewis guns to -tas barely ■h guns in
ght, field world — a s given
defence? In I 'nited Stiltes
the Allies a score of sue use in its own Porders.
America has some s u pe rd r e a dnoU^hts. but to mar them it is necessary to rob other ¡hips of their crews; and though Congress has laid down a strong naval programme—please note the fact— not a -hip can be completed before .1020. If the regulrr American army and the ragged, hard med bandits of Mexico faced one another in the field to-morrow, only one thing cotild save the American army from annihilation — the fact that the United Statt s'controls the only supply of ammunitien and arms in the country.
IT MAY be asked, if so unprepared, how
C INCE the break in diplomatic rela^ tions\ them has fallen a Maxim'ilencer on the l[>ud-mouth propaganda of ’llFan-Germqh Alliance. One young man, probably 'the heaviest shareholder m the.Hamburg-Ameriean Jir.e. has litroken heart. The doctors onia, but his health had by the tragic drift of was powerless to stop, dden death was undoubthe terrible anxiety of a man whose treason to the United States was on the verge of an exposure. Yere-
erally died of a Í called it pneu in l»een broken up affairs, which Munsterberg’s si edly caused by t
can the U lited States enter war? On what is the 4* ni ted States depending for plain, brutal words—the is depending for defence on just one thing—the British vorn; and it is because the British navy cannot spare ships to convey vessels under the Stars and Stripes, ¡that American ships have been tied up [at their docks, blockading trade and staging the railroads. In certain Eastern éities, the cost of provisions has doubled in a few days as the result of mijes and milés of cars loaded with shipments for export being stalled and sidetracked, waiting for ships. In one city, coal has gone to $20 a ton in a week. Vegetables have doubled in price; and flour is universally short east of Buffalo. Farmers are paying for grain feeds prices just double those of a year ago. These extortionate prices are the penalty the country is paying for laggc-' "repared-. ness; and that is an argument that kills pacificism ar.d stabs lethargy.
There is ont other bulwark of defence besides the Blitish navy. It is* that in supplying the Allies with arms and ammunition. the United States has developed the greatest defence of all modern warfare—thé science of producing high explosives in a most unlimited quantities. Uut off from t ieir base of supplies, German re servisti br Mexico, or Germany and Mexico combined—would be powerless after the frst rush.
It is the first rush against which the United States ii now preparing with emplacements for ¡big guns behind coast defences and wife traps for submarines across the entrance to Eastern harbors.
ick's "Fatherland” suddenly changed its coat and shrieked loyalty to a Germanized America. A big New York daily, notorious .for its German propaganda, which has been proving for two years' that it is not Germanized, has been suddenly offered for sale. American correspondents. who proved there icere “no atrocities in Belgium” and that Germany could never he blockaded into surrender called me un the day Bemstorff sailed to know if I had influence enough with the British authorities to persuade them “not to publish private letters if any were seized by the British from th&Bemstorff party at Halifax.” Tauscher, who was acquitted of complicity in plots to blow up the Welland Canal, found when diplomatic relations were broken that he had a sudden call home to Germany. So did Wolf von Igel, Von Papen’s secretary, whose secret papers were seized by the American State Department down at 60 Wall Street. So great was the latter young gentleman’s love for Ambassador Çernstorff that he forfeited $20.000 bail to sail with the Count. I have already referred to the fact that two days before the diplomatic relations broke, the machinery of every German ship interned in American waters was secretly destroyed. There are 72 such ships in U.S. ports; and at the present ruling value of seagoing craft, they are easily worth $100,000,000. The destruction, as I have told before, was wanton madness; for the United States will not tou^h German property unless Germany seizes American property in Germany; and though big firms like International Harvester and Singer Sewing Machine and U.S. Steel and Standard Oil have enormous holdings in Germany, the aggregate is a bagatelle compared to German investments in the United .States. It is well knowm that another line of twelve freighters plying under the Stars and Stripes was financed by capital from Germany. These were frantically offered for sale about a month ago. Berlin was evidently calling home the capital. At the time, the ships were being crippled. German gold began moving to South America and Mexico. It need hardly be told that coke processes are the foundation for such high explosives as T. N. T. ; and early in the war, Germany secretly bought one of the largest coke plants in the country. She also bought enormous holdings of copper, cotton. lard, pork—ostensibly for shipment to-South America. These have all been thrown violently on the market since the break.
I MENTION these facts as signs whe1 ther Germany intends to back down or rot. And don’t let Canada make any mistake about it! I nrle Sam is going slow h, rause hi is so deadly in earnest. Only
one thing can stop the United States to-day —that is the sudden and complete collapse of Germany; and if Germany had any idea of a sudden and complete collapse, I do not believe she would wantonly sacrifice her holdings here as she has been doing for the past fewr freeks.
I said in a former article that, while war would be declared, it -cerned impossible for the United States to be prepared in time to do any actual fighting before Germany is defeated. For instance, the navy cannot be in readiness inside of four years. In England, menaced by invasion, it took Kitchener one year to prepare an army. America is not menaced by invasion ; and recruiting is so 9low that the idea of conscription is being broken to the public under the name “universal training.” Politics curse the state militia with incompetent officers. Under these conditions, it seems impossible that any American army could be ready for the European field inside of two years; and before two years, the pressure of internal revolution caused by want and ruined commerce will have curbed Germany’s frenzy.
Whether this country enters the war as one of the Allies or essays actiorr independently, it is not the actual fighting that has brought realization of danger home. It is the knowledge of the actual danger here within the bounds of the country. -
There are 600,000 German reservists in the United States. Will they fight? There are 20,000,000 people of German birth or ancestry. Will they fight? I dp not know.The people of German birth are taking out naturalization papers en masse and swearing to shoulder arms for the United States; but some German reservists are certainly massing on the Mexican border; and as late as a month ago, lodges of young Austrians and Germans were drilling at Bridgeport, where the German Goverment controlled a munition factory. It will be recalled that when German agents bought these munition plants, the motive given was to keep the Allies from buying supplies. A deeper motive now tiecom.es apparent; and I venture to guess that the American Secret Service does not know where these German supplies are stored.
YX/UTHOUT money from headquaiter> * ’ to finance the reservists, I thir.k it a pretty even guess that, when they come to the actual scratch, they would not fight; but that is only a guess; for the American Government has knowledge of at least one point, where a cement foundation was placed for a big gun. As Gerard told the Kaiser — there ‘an* as many lamposts in the United State * as there are reservists. It is not from the reservists that this country looks for catastrophe. It is from the anarchist tools that the German spy system has been using.
Take a run*back over the unlawful lets attempted by the German spy system in this country! The sinking of ships, of which the Lusitania was the most cardinal crime! The placing of slow-fuse bombs on cargo ships, of which more than $10.t)00,000 worth were destroyed in six
/norths. This was dyne by placing acids in metal containers through which the\ would eat in so many days and come in contact with a high explosive in the same container. The destruction of munitions on railroad factories! This was not affected old-fashioned crude method of throwing a bomb and running. A new form of highpower powdered explosive, which would turn the air into a flame on the pressure of a foot step, was scattered where the trains would pass over the rail, or the ferry would bump ship-side. This explains why so many explosions took place in cement and metal fire-proof structures; and why the culprit could never be traced. The knowledge was obtained by bribing a betrayal; and needless to say crude ignorant bomb throwers were not the moving hand. This kind of work required technical 9kill and scientific training: but the wild-brained anarchist was used as the tool.
To go on with the list of German activities. The names of leading bankars and manufacturers were catalogued on the anarchist assassination list! Morgan’s life was the only open attempt. The cataloguing of the United States Army! Secret reporta.on every fort and military road in the country! The massing of reservists at Buffalo and Detroit and Seattle for the invasion of Canada! Plots for the destruction of Welland Canal and the Canadian Parliament Buildings! The paid fomentation of strikes, which Gompers exposed and of which the Longshoreman’s strike was the most conspicuous! The paid lobbying in Congress of subsidized peace organizations to put an embargo on exports! ■ - -
These are only a few of the crimes of Germany in the United States. The whole story of Mexican plots will never be, told. Well, what of it—haven’t they passed all ¿hese perils and aren’t they safely out of the German spy net? No—for the German agent didn’t do these things, himself. He hired and organized and trained the anarchist; and he trained him scientifically to cover his tracks. The anarchist is still here and he has been literally pickled in the deviltries of German monev.
Did you ever stop to think that one of the new high power explosives the size of your hand could cut off New York’s water supply, or put all the lights out on the instant, or destroy the subway? Those are the kind of catastrophes feared in America more than open warfare. Antwerp would not have fallen if there had not been enemies inside.
* I ' HE STORY of the means taken to “get hold” of congressmen, labor leaders, pacifists, big public men—would outbeggar any fic.tion ever conceived. Plain money was used with some congressmen and labor readers. Lamar, “the wolf of Wall Street,” who pocketed most of the money, is serving a term in the penitentiary for such work now. His story is the sublime reduced to the ludicrous. He could get a pacifist—yes, the biggest pacifist in the land; so he boasted to Von Rir.telen and Albert; and he was given $25,000 cash. But the pacifist never received any of the cash. He modi the speech oil his own initiative and Lamar kept the money. Likewise, a hundred labor-leaders could l rounded up'on an Eastern platform in favor of peace for a consideration of $1.000 each. The labor leaders were mustered all right; but somebody else pocketed the $100,000. And it is a pretty ever, bet that literally miljior.s destined for the press never got past the pocket of the intermediary.
In other case, means r.ot as innocent as n.uney were used, h know of two of the biggest public men in this country tricked into Ford’s peace fiasco - by a woman whom they thought a dove of peace. She was a German agent. This they quickly learned when they reached
Sweden and came imrnediately back. Adventuresses titled and untitled were installed in fashionable resorts to meet leg manufacturers and bankers. Behind them in the guise of valet, or attendant, hoe black, or table waiter—lurked the ea! agent; and as Germany's system er lets the right hand know what the hand does, the woman and the agent often did not know that each was watching the other. One of the biggest steel men was “shadowed” in this way. So was a big powder man. The latter found to his dumbfounding that a servant in his house had been “listed” for the deed of assassination. The man. who worked the worst deviltries against Canada was weanedfrom decency by a siren and the betrayal of his plots came from an infuriated wife. There is a story here right in the (itfman Embassy’s own circle, which surpasses the notoriety of Nero’s indifference to bloodshed; but the time has not come yet to tell it. Suffice to say that while Europe has been saturated in the blood of heroism, while women and chihlrcn hare suffered from Belgium to Armenia, what jwn or tongue can never tell, the'* light woman here has dandled the fate of nations in a harlot’s lap and coined gold out of the stream of livid blood flowing from the world's crucifixion. I cannot speak plainer now, but I shall some day.
All this is the dark, grave side of the picture. There is another side. It is aflame with' light. The United States have taken their stand in the world’s to fight tor freedom and democracy. Ear the first time since 1812. every scintilla or shadow of ill-feeling la tween tirent Britain and the United States has been sin JI! awau. The firn greatest democracies in the world’s hisfnrii aVe standing snoulder to shoulder again—the first time for a century and a half. As Barrie saysit is the star of hope aboce a blooddrenched world. If they*keep together, there will never be another world war— which was what Ford dreamed. And as “Life" says—fiemuiny with her thoroughness did it. No fiower on earth but u hl anderer big as (iermany could have forced'the t wo* countries into a union of d&l ; fence. Praise be—laughs “Life.”