WOMEN and THEIR WORK

MACLEAN’S QUESTION BOX

EDWINA SETON July 15 1923
WOMEN and THEIR WORK

MACLEAN’S QUESTION BOX

EDWINA SETON July 15 1923

MACLEAN’S QUESTION BOX

EDWINA SETON

Question—Mrs. R. M., Ontario— Can you suggest an uncommon name for my baby daughter? I am tired of Elizabeth, Margaret, and Eleanor?

Answer—Dierdre is a pretty Irish name—also Nora, Kathleen, and Patricia. Then Lilla, Ytive, (pronounced A-tive) Persis, Imogen, Primrose, Heather, Joan, Densie and Cynthia are all attractive names.

Question—Miss C.—For some time I’ve been wanting to write to you for advice; I so much need it. This is my problem. A year ago I graduated in household science. Then my health broke down, and ever since I have been at home unable to get back my strength. This sum-

mer I shall spend in the country. After that I hope to begin work. Teaching doesn’t appeal to me. What about hospital work? Could you tell me where I could get the necessary training, or could you suggest any other line of work in which I might be successful? I do hope there is some niche in life for me to fill. I am 21 and just brimful of ambition.

Answer—Your long letter is well expressed, which makes me think that perhaps you could write on the subject of domestic science, could you persuade an editor to let you have a department devoted to this topic. There was such a department in a Portland, Oregon, daily paper, and it was excellent and much appreciated. Women wrote for Kelp in

culinary difficulties, and practical menus were daily given. Even a weekly page would give you good practice and interesting work for the summer.

As for hospital dietetic training, the course is usually from three to four months. Possibly the Sick Children’s Hospital, Toronto, would appeal to you as a place to train in. They give a fourmonths course and pay $10 to their pupil dietitians. However, practically every well-equipped large hospital gives this training. Permanent posts in hospitals are sometimes obtained after taking the course.

Question—Alberta Bob—Can you recommend anything in the line of a very simple weekly menu, suitable for two very busy men who are frequently compelled to "bach” it? We are both widowers and better cooks than the average men, but we have not any epicurean tastes (or time to follow them up) and we desire merely to diet for health and efficiency for a decidedly strenuous life in a physical sense. A reasonable variety including an ample supply of alteratives and anti-acid forming foods, and the elimination of too much meat and eggs are desired, more than economy, but simplicity and speed are important considerations.

Answer—What sensible men to be willing to eat merely for health and efficiency. I am sending you a sheet of normal menus made up by a noted health and efficiency expert. If these don’t appeal to you, my advice is to eat an abundance of fresh vegetables, salads, cereals and fruit, getting meat values from nuts in the salads, and from the use of cheese in cooked dishes. Rice and tomatoes combine well; bread—milk—egg and grated cheese baked together, make a good dish. Baked bananas, custard, creamed carrots, celery, etc., all make appetising i variations. ,

Question—M. B. T., Ontario—I saw your answer to E. M. P., Quebec, in the last issue of MacLean’s, and am wondering if you could give me the address of i The Poetry Magazine there mentioned. If so, I shall be very much obliged.

Answer—Another poet. We will soon need to have a Poet’s Corner, as so many of them have written the Q. B. lately. The magazine you enquire about is "Poetry,” 543 Cass Street, Chicago, 111., á monthly, costing 20 cents a number. All poetry which they accept and use in their magazine is eligible to receive the prizes they give each November.

Question—A. G. P., Nova Scotia—In the April 15th issue of MacLean’s, in giving a list of interesting books, you men! tion “Tenth Island” as being by Justin ! Huntley McCarthy.' I have the “The Tenth Island” being some account of Newfoundland, but the author is Beckles Willson. Are there two books of the same name on Newfoundland but by different writers, or were you in error in giving the author as Justin H. McCarthy?

Answer—Many thanks for directing my attention to a slip made. The authorof ! this book is Beckles Willson, a Canadian, and in quoting the other name I was trustj ing to memory—not always a safe thing to do after such a long time as has elapsed since I read this book.

Question—Miss J. W., Ontario: I

am very fond of gardening. Is there any chance for a girl in this line of work?

Answer—Decidedly there is. At the present time I know one girl who works in a greenhouse and is gradually learning the business. When she knows enough, she intends to become a nursery-gardener, selling plants in all stages of growth, and undertaking the care of people’s lawns, etc. To a girl who loves the work and has a little capital it offers an excellent opening, as there are numerous chances for beginning with a small greenhouse and a yard stocked with young bushes, perennials and seedlings.

Question—Mrs. L. V., Vancouver, B. C: What would you suggest for me in

the way of a money-making occupation that I could follow at. home? I own my own house and have a small piece of land but am short of ready money always. I could expend $50 though, if I saw a way to make a little income by so doing.

Answer—You do not give any indication of your particular tastes and aptitudes. However, one way you might make money would be by investing

your little capital in fancy stock, Persian cats, some small thoroughbred dogs or canaries, and breeding them to sell. I have known persons who raised Persian kittens and sold them from $10 to $25 apiece and did well with them. It requires a real interest in cats and a painstaking study of them. It is the same with dogs. The smaller breeds, such as cocker spaniels, wire-haired terriers and Yorkshire terriers are always in demand, and by beginning in a small way, you might gradually increase your stock and income. Canaries too are very profitable. One family I know has turned its attic into an aviary, and s'ells the young singers at fancy prices. Time to spare, and a real love for the pets are the chief requisites, after a little initial capital is invested in stock.

Question—Miss A. F. M., Manitoba: Will you kindly name the hospitals at the Coast, if there are any such, having an eight-hour day, and where the conditions are as good as it is yet possible to find in Canada for nurses in training?

Answer—The Vancouver General Hospital is a very fine institution, affording splendid training. I fancy the nurses there work on a regular eight-hour schedule, but would suggest your writing to Miss Randall, who is the Registrar of Nurses for the province, and editor of the Canadian Nurses’ Journal. Her address is Vancouver Block, Vancouver, B. C. She will be able to give you full information as to the conditions obtaining in the different coast hospitals.

Other hospitals are St. Paul’s at Vancouver, St. Joseph’s and the Royal Jubilee at Victoria, and the Royal Columbian at New Westminster.

Question—I. M. B., Ontario—Would you kindly send me the names and addresses of several Protestant hospitals in New York City, Boston and Worcester, Mass., which would perhaps take probationers in the Spring.

Answer—In New York City there are the following hospitals: Roosevelt, Presbyterian, St. Luke’s, New York and Bellevue. In Boston there are the Boston City Hospital and Massachussetts General Hospital. Address the Worcester General Hospital, Worcester, Mass. I rather fancy all these hospitals will admit probationers to a spring term, but a letter of enquiry directed to each will bring you the information you seek.

Question—Miss E. S., Ontario: Could you suggest an interesting way of spending this summer? I am a teacher, twentythree, very fond of sketching from nature. I am also considered a good amateur actress, and would like to do something away from the beaten track.

Answer—With artistic tastes such as you appear to possess, two ideas come to my mind for you. Did you know that the Education Department of Ontario provides a five weeks’ course in Art for teachers, which is most delightful and interesting and free also. Write to the Deputy Minister of Education, Parliament Buildings, Toronto, for full particulars.

Then there is an Outdoor School for the study of Landscape Drawing and Painting at Meadowvale, Ontario, conducted by the Ontario College of Art, Grange Park, Toronto. The charge is only $20 for the full Summer term.

Another unusual opportunity offered girls and also young men who are possessed of dramatic ability is a chance to act in the Canadian Players company of Naramata, B. C. I do not know whether the full company has yet been made up, but you might address the Secretary and make enquires. Mr. and Mrs. Carrol Aikens in doing this work are animated by their desire to encourage Canadian talent in the playwright and the actor, and their most interesting undertaking is entirely free from any commercial bias, being purely in the service of art and beauty.

Question—Mrs. L.—I am working on a paper, “Do We Get Enough Pleasure From Life? If Not, Whÿ Not?” Could you give me some assistance, as I have not access to a very good library, and am rather lost on this very wide topic?

Answer—This is really an inspiring subject, that is, if you change the word “pleasure” and substitute the word “joy” for it, which is really the meaning aimed at, I imagine. You see, pleasure is something we go in search of and pay for,

whereas joy comes from within and illumines our life. Sir Henry Newbolt, in a speech to the Canadian Women’s Club, illustrated this very interestingly. He told of two boys at school in exactly the same surroundings, but their mental points of view so differed that whereas one thought school and everyone there all wrong, the other boy enjoyed both his school and companions. And it was the same with the boys in their after life. One saw the good in things; the other never found anything just to his liking. We must create our own joy, for the kingdom of heaven is within us. It’s all in our way of thinking, and the more enriched our minds become with a love and appreciation of beauty,— be it of nature or of fine qualities in human beings—the more joy we will get out of people, sunsets, gardens, children and the daily round, the common task. The real joys of life are spiritual ones, proceeding from beauty, harmony, order, kindliness and truth.

Question—Miss D.M.T., Alberta: I

would appreciate it very much if you would send me the names of advertising firms employing commercial artists. Do you know whether any of these firms send out pieces of work to be done? I have never had any actual experience, but am studying with a very good commercial art school, and believe I could do good work.

Answer—l am sorry not to be able to give you more encouraging news, but it is the general custom of the advertising firms here to havé their orders executed by their own staff. Any work sent out goes to Chicago or New York because it demands unusually expert .handling. Some piece work may be given out to artists occasionally, but to those who live here, never being sent by mail to those at a distance, and therefore out of touch with the firms concerned.

Question—Miss I. H., Manitoba: Could you tell me the terms of the Lemieux Act referring to Labour and Capital, and. when it was passed?

Answer—This Act was passed in 1907, but it would take too much space to quote its terms here. Write to the Department of Labour, Ottawa, and ask for a copy. It is a pamphlet of from twenty to thirty pages.

Question—O. S., Ontario—Of late I have been much interested in the questions answered by you in each edition of MacLean’s, and although I am a boy, I was wondering if you could help me in answering some problems which I have been trying to solve:

1st. What kind of work do chemical engineers usually take up after graduating from the Faculty of Applied Science?

2nd: Do you think chemical engineering a good profession and are there plenty of openings at the present time?

3rd: Is it true that the electrical and civil engineering professions are greatly overcrowded now?

Answer—Very glad for you to make use of the Q. B. The answer to your first query is that, after graduating, chemical engineers find work in chemical factories wherein are produced alkalis, acids, coal gas, refined oil, and wood is distilled, etc. Then many graduates go into the manufacturing end, taking posi' tionsin rubber factories, paint and varnish factories, abattoirs, tanneries, pulp and paper mills, sugar refineries, etc., in all of which there are numerous well-paid openings. Students in chemical engineering take dual training in mechanical and chemical work. To your last question the answer is that just at present the civil engineering profession is not very flourishing, but the profession of chemical engineering offers better prospects. As for electrical engineering, while there are many openings in this in Canada on account of its water power, such a number of students take up this study that the field is somewhat overcrowded.

Question—Miss B. P., Ont.—I am studying for my A. T. C. M. in music, and would like to get a position in some town as a pianist in a theatre. Will you kindly give me some suggestions or information in connection with this?

Answer—Make enquiries at local theatres, send in letters of application to Toronto theatres, setting forth your acquirements, watch the Toronto and local papers, and advertise for the post you want. All of these efforts will help you to unearth the needed opening, which 1 hope will turn up in due time.