Articles

A NEW SENATE

As cries for Senate reform increase, Maclean’s presents nominations for an entirely new Senate, chosen from all walks of life by a special panel of non-partisan contributors representing all ten provinces

April 15 1954
Articles

A NEW SENATE

As cries for Senate reform increase, Maclean’s presents nominations for an entirely new Senate, chosen from all walks of life by a special panel of non-partisan contributors representing all ten provinces

April 15 1954

A NEW SENATE

Articles

As cries for Senate reform increase, Maclean’s presents nominations for an entirely new Senate, chosen from all walks of life by a special panel of non-partisan contributors representing all ten provinces

EVER SINCE it was created by the Fathers of Confederation in 1867, the Canadian Upper House has been under almost constant fire from all political parties. The latest burst of criticism came just a few weeks ago when the members of the Senate had their pay raised—without a dissenting murmur in their own ranks— from $6,000 to $10,000 a year. As a result the cries against the Senate sprang up anew—that it be reformed, that it be made more useful or that it be abolished out of hand.

Those who condemn the Senate claim it is used as a stable for retiring politicians or deserving party stalwarts. These critics believe senators should be named for talent and merit—not on political service to the party in power.

To find out what kind of a Senate we might have if appointments were on a non-political basis, Maclean’s asked ten well-known Canadians of varying points of view whom they’d nominate as senators from their own provinces. It is a measure of the complexity of the Senate problem that the members of our panel—even though starting out with a clean slate and no axes to grind—eouldn’t reach agreement on certain fundamental aspects.

The ten members of the nominating panel are: Jack

Scott, columnist for the Vancouver Sun; Basil Dean, associate editor of the Calgary Herald; Jim Greenblat, editor of the Swift Current (Sask.) Sun;'Carlyle Allison, editor-inchief of the Winnipeg Tribune; J. B. McGeachy, a member of the editorial board of the Globe and Mail, Toronto; Roger Lemelin, novelist, of Quebec City; Dr. George Frederick Clarke, dentist, poet, author, historian and archaeologist, of Woodstock, N.B.; Mrs. F. Abbie Lane, broadcaster and alderman, of Halifax; Dr. Frank MacKinnon, principal of Prince of Wales College, Charlottetown; and Ruth Campbell, parliamentary correspondent for the St. John’s Daily News, Newfoundland.

These ten could make good senators themselves. Novelist Lemelin agrees, and nominated himself “because my father would be proud,” while Dr. Clarke nominated his wife because she has “sound judgment and is not swayed by sentiment.” In general, Maclean’s panel nominated a Senate remarkable for its variety, its youth and for the number of women it contains.

This new Senate would include four poets, seven journalists, six professors, a tenor, two painters, two historians, five clergymen, the world’s strongest man, two publicity men, seven farm experts, a philanthropist, two scientists, five doctors, four novelists, two athletes, a labor leader, Miss Canada 1953 (and her runner-up), two generals, a wharfsitter, two judges, a retired sea captain, a prison administrator, two housewives and a ghost. The more traditional occupations of senators are represented by four lawyers, ten businessmen and nine professional politicians.

Only two members of the present Senate, Hon. Muriel Fergusson, of New Brunswick and Hon. Cyrille Vaillancourt, of Quebec, are renominated. The new Senate would include Jews for the first time: Sigmund Samuel, Ontario philanthropist, and Abraham Moses Klein, Montreal poet and lawyer. Eleven women are nominated, more than double the number of women in the present Senate.

The oldest member nominated (Sigmund Samuel) is 86 and the youngest (Kathleen Archibald, Miss Canada 1953) is 19. The new Senate’s average of 55 years is thirteen years below the present Senate’s average of 68 years.

In addition to their nominations, Maclean’s asked its panel to comment on the Senate as an institution. What they have to say—and they have a lot to say—covers most of the variety of criticisms made of the Senate since it was created in 1867. The major argument through the years, though, has been about the method of appointment where, for all practical purposes, senatorships have become the personal gift of the prime minister.

Basil Dean, associate editor of the Calgary Herald, made the point clearly: “The only thing wrong with the Senate is the way appointments are made. The authors of the British North America Act, when they wrote in the sections concerning the Senate, made a single grievous error: they assumed that governments, in appointing senators, would be guided by a sense of decency. It probably never entered their heads that any government would have the gall to go on appointing nobody but its own faithful hacks for eighteen years at a stretch and thereby so annihilate Opposition views in the Upper House as to make it a laughing stock.”

Why has there never been any Continued on page 112

TURN THE PAGE TO MEET THE HAND-PICKED NEW SENATE Y Y

MACLEAN’S

CANADA' S NATIONAL MAGAZINE

Here is the new Senate chosen by ten wel

BRITISH COLUMBIA

Six senators nominated by Jack Scott, columnist, Vancouver Sun

EARLE BIRNEY: poet; professor; Vancouver DOUGLAS HEPBURN: weight lifter; Vancouver ALFRED LAW: retired locomotive engineer; Kamloops

DAVID ORMISTON: old-age pensioner; wharf-

sitter; Saltspring Island

JAN STEPANIUK: farmer; Saltspring Island

LEO SWEENEY: president, Sweeney Cooperage

Ltd.; Vancouver

ALBERTA

Six senators nominated by Basil Dean, associate editor, Calgary Herald

DONALD CAMERON: director of extension, University of Alberta; director, Banff School of Fine Arts HON. MR. JUSTICE W. G. EGBERT: Supreme Court of Alberta; Calgary

C. S. NOBLE: farmer, inventor of the Noble plow; Nobleford

DR. E. P. SCARLETT: chancellor, University of

Alberta; Calgary

CHARLES WILLIS: editor and publisher, The Stettler Independent

J. J. ZUBICK: field manager, Aid Association for Lutherans; Calgary

SASKATCHEWAN

Six senators nominated by Jim Greenblat, editor, Swift Current Sun

HON. T. C. DOUGLAS: Premier of Saskatchewan; Regina

JAMES FRASER: farmer; Pambrun DR. OSCAR M. IRWIN: physician; former alderman and mayor of Swift Current ANDREW KING: editor, Estevan Mercury A. W. (PALLIE) PASCOE: retired postal department inspector; Moose Jaw

AZIEL F. SWALLOWS, QC: businessman; North

Battleford

MANITOBA

Six senators nominated by Carlyle Allison, editor-in-chief, Winnipeg Tribune

R. H. G. BONNYCASTLE: president, Stovel-Advocate Press Ltd.; Fort Garry

REX GROSE: assistant deputy minister, director, Department of Industry and Commerce; Winnipeg W. R. LESLIE: superintendent, government experimental farm, Morden

W. L. PALK: superintendent, T. Eaton Co. store; Winnipeg

D. BRUCE SHAW: businessman; director, A. E.

Ames and Co.; Winnipeg; Toronto W. J. WAINES: dean, Faculty of Arts and Science, University of Manitoba; Winnipeg

ONTARIO

Twenty-four senators nominated by J. B. McGeachy, editorial board, Toronto Globe & N

D. W. AMBRIDGE: president, Abitibi Power and P« Co.; Toronto

DR. CHARLES H. BEST: co-discoverer of insulin; Toronto L. W. BROCKINGTON, QC: president, J. Arthur R group of companies; Toronto

PAT CONROY: former labor leader; labor attache, Ci dian Embassy, Washington, D.C.

GENERAL H. D. G. CRERAR: Canadian Army, retii

Ottawa

ROBERTSON DAVIES: playwright, author, edi

Peterborough

MAZO DE LA ROCHE: novelist; Toronto

JAMES S. DUNCAN: president, Massey-Harris-Fergu

Ltd.; Toronto

H. H. HANNAM: president, Canadian Federation

Agriculture; Ottawa

DR. ARTHUR R. M. LOWER: historian; professor, Quee University; Kingston

DR. C. JACK MACKENZIE: president, Atomic Energy Ci trol Board; Ottawa.

J. V. McAREE: journalist; Toronto

DR. EDGAR MclNNIS: professor, University of Toronto

QUEBEC

Twenty-four senators nominated by Roger Lemelin, novelist; Quebec City

PAT ALLEN: grocer; Quebec

KATHLEEN ARCHIBALD: Miss Canada 1953; Kelowna, B.C. BONA ARSENAULT: member of parliament; Bonaventure BETTY BILLYARD: Miss Canada's runner-up; Welland, Ont. JEAN-CHARLES BONENFANT: librarian, Quebec Legislature; Quebec

JEAN BRUCHÉSI: historian; Quebec

CLAUDE CHAMPAGNE: composer; Montreal

CHARLES DE KÖNINCK: Thomist philosopher; Quebec

GÉRARD FILION: journalist; Quebec

RAOUL JOBIN: tenor; New York City

ABRAHAM MOSES KLEIN: poet; lawyer; Montreal

ROGER LEMELIN: novelist; Quebec

FATHER GEORGES-HENRI LÉVESQUE: dean, Faculty of

Social Sciences, Laval University; Quebec HUGH MacLENNAN: novelist; Montreal J. A. MONGRAIN: former mayor of Three Rivers

JACQUES NORMAND: TV star; Montreal

DR. WILDER PENFIELD: neurologist; Montreal

DEAN ADRIEN POULIOT: dean, Faculty of Sciences, Lav

University

MAURICE RICHARD: hockey player; Montreal

GABRIELLE ROY: novelist; Montreal

FRANK SCOTT: poet; professor; Montreal

JEAN SOUCY: painter; Montreal

HON. CYRILLE VAILLANCOURT: Senator; Levis

MSGR. FERDINAND VANDRY: rector, Laval University

NEW BRUNSWICK

Ten senators nominated by Dr. George Frederick Clarke, poet, author, historian, archaeologist; Woodstock

HON. NORMAN BUCHANAN: Minister of Lands and Mines; St. Stephen

MRS. KENNETH CAMPBELL: housewife; Saint John MRS. MARY S. CLARKE: housewife; Woodstock HON. MURIEL FERGUSSON: Senator; Fredericton HARRY GREENLAW: agriculturalist; Millville EMERY LeBLANC: journalist; Moncton JOHN McNAIR: ex-premier of New Brunswick; Fredericton

DR. R. R. PROSSER: psychologist and psychiatrist; Fredericton

W. J. SMITH: professor of economics, University of New Brunswick; Fredericton

ROBERT A. TWEEDIE: director, New Brunswick

Travel Bureau; Fredericton

NOVA SCOTIA

Ten senators nominated by Mrs. F. Abbie Lane, ex-newspaperwoman, radio actress and commentator, alderman; Halifax

MRS. J. E. (ALLIE) AHERN: housewife; Halifax ERNEST BEATON: superintendent, industrial relationii

Dominion Steel and Coal Corporation; Glace Bay CECIL DAY: editor, Liverpool Advance GHOST OF JOSEPH HOWE: occupation and current residence unknown

BRIG. H. V. D. LAING: secretary-treasurer, Maritimi

National Fish; Halifax

REV. NELSON MacDONALD: United Church minister;

Dartmouth

ISABEL MACNEILL: superintendent, Ontario Training

School for Girls; Galt, Ont.

JUDGE GEORGE MORRISON: District No. 7 County Court; Sydney

MRS. MARGARET NORRIE: farmer; North River CAPT. ANGUS WALTERS: seaman; Lunenburg

nown Canadians

and Blair Fraser tells

RT. HON. ARTHUR MEIGHEN: president, Canadian General Securities Ltd.; Toronto

GLADSTONE MURRAY: public relations consultant; Toronto L. A; C. PANTON: principal, Ontario College of Art; Toronto

E. J. PRATT: poet; professor; Toronto

SIGMUND SAMUEL: philanthropist and connoisseur of art; Toronto

B. K. SANDWELL: journalist; Toronto

R. S. K. SEELEY: provost, Trinity College (Toronto)

DR. SIDNEY SMITH: president, University of Toronto CHARLOTTE WHITTON: Mayor of Ottawa DR HEALEY WILLAN: musician, composer; Toronto DEAN CECIL WRIGHT: dean of the Law School, University of Toronto

PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND

Four senators nominated by Dr. Frank MacKinnon, principal, Prince of Wales College; Charlottetown

J. O. C. CAMPBELL: lawyer; former deputy attorney general; Charlottetown

FRANK W. CURTIS: engineer; president, County Construction Co.; Charlottetown

WALTER R. SHAW: deputy minister, Department of Agriculture; Charlottetown

FRANK WALKER: assoc, editor, Charlottetown Guardian

NEWFOUNDLAND

Six senators nominated by Ruth Campbell, Ottawa reporter, St. John’s Daily News

G. S. DOYLE: businessman; publisher, Family Fireside; St. John’s

RAYMOND GUSHUE: president, vice-chancellor, Memorial University; St. John’s

HENRY M. S. LEWIN: general manager, vice-president, Bowater’s Pulp and Paper Mills; Corner Brook HENRY G. R. MEWS: mayor of St. John’s ARTHUR MONROE: president, Fishery Products Ltd.; St. John’s

DR. JOHN McKEE OLDS: surgeon; Twillingate

A New Senate

CONTINUED FROM PAGE 11

reform? As J. B. McGeachy, of the Globe and Mail, points out, “Nobody in power at Ottawa has ever shown the slightest wish or intention to reform the Senate, except by appointing political friends to replace deceased political foes.”

But there was little agreement among Maclean’s panel on how the method of appointment could be changed. Three are in favor of letting the provinces in on the nomination of senators. Both Ruth Campbell, of the St. John’s Daily News, and McGeachy feel there would be some advantage in allowing the provincial governments to appoint half the senators. “This would ensure representation of all parties,” McGeachy says, “and would prevent the Senate from becoming the almost monolithic, oneparty legislature it now is.” Roger Lemelin, of Quebec, thinks the new Senate should be nominated by the provincial governments, “to re-establish political equilibrium among the Senate ranks,” but would have further nominations come from the Senate itself.

Non-Political Committees

On the other hand, Dr. MacKinnon, of Charlottetown, draws attention to the major difficulty in bringing the provinces into the appointment of senators. “I can’t see how the provincial governments or nominating boards could do the job better,” he says. “In any event, who would be on the nominating board; and why should provincial governments determine the composition of a federal house?”

Abbie Lane, of Halifax, Jim Greenblat, of Swift Current, and Jack Scott, of Vancouver, think non-political committees should be made responsible for nominating senators. Mrs. Lane suggests an independent committee made up of representatives of the churches, business, labor, the arts and so on, though she admits this system would probably cause trouble. Scott thinks “non-political committees at the provincial level” would be best. Greenblat suggests senators be appointed “through some politically disinterested (ah, there’s the rub) group; maybe universities-like the Irish Senate.”

Carlyle Allison, editor-in-chief of the Winnipeg Tribune, is convinced that appointment should remain in the hands of the government party “because there is little hope that the leader of any party would willingly give up this prerogative. I think, however, that

the prime minister should call for more suggestions from provincial premiers, men who are familiar with the material in their sections of Canada, but that the prime minister should not be bound to accept the premiers’ nominees. These premiers should also be told very clearly that their suggestions should range over other fields outside politics.”

“In the long run,” says Basil Dean, of the Calgary Herald, “the only effective answer is to make purely political appointments unfashionable; to ensure that they are universally regarded as in doubtful taste. It means in other words, overhauling the whole cynical and largely amoral philosophy within which federal politics are conducted in this country. All it needs is a revolution in moral and political thought, which shouldn’t take more than two or three hundred years to accomplish.”

The panel showed a variety of opinion on the merits of the Senate. Jack Scott and Abbie Lane think we’d be better off without it. “The Senate,” Scott declares, “should be abolished. I think it’s a useless relic, a criminal waste of the taxpayers’ money, undemocratic in the selection of those it honors since their appointment is for service to party rather than country (by no means synonymous) and because I think that whatever prestige or power the Senate might gain by reform, it would still be a luxury. The money would be far better spent on hospitals, schools or insane asylums.” Mrs. Lane points to the quiet abolition of second chambers in all provinces except Quebec, and draws attention to the fact that the only obvious result has been to make the government a little less unwieldy.

J. B. McGeachy disagrees. “In my opinion,” he says, “the Senate is necessary as a revising body, does a pretty good job, does not deserve the contempt or indifference often visited upon it, and could be more useful than it is if given more work to do.” But, he adds, “let us face the awful truth—it might be improved.”

“The main criticism of the Senate,” says Frank MacKinnon, “seems to be that there are too many government supporters in it. This situation is the fault of the Canadian people themselves, for we in Canada tend to keep governments in power much longer than do other countries . . . One solution to the problem would be more frequent changes of government.”

Jim Greenblat believes that “for the conditions prevailing in 1867 the Fathers of Confederation, modeling after the British institutional counterpart, had a sound idea. For the most part the Senate has fulfilled some useful functions. But now its responsibilities

could be elaborated, expanded and refurbished to better meet the changing social, economic and political needs of the nation.”

Eight members of the nominating panel expressed opinions on age limits for senators: three would have compulsory retirement at 75; the other five see no necessity for such a limit. McGeachy does not believe in an arbitrary age limi: for senators but he would “declare vacant the place of any senator incapable of attending the debates.” Lemelin wants “a medical examination imposed on the senators before each session.”

MacKinnon feels appointments should be for life “to make the posts attractive, independent and continuous. 1 don’t favor a fixed retirement age, for there is no way of determining the final limit of a person’s usefulness. An occasional Dessaulles (who died at 103) can be tolerated for the great advantage of retaining some Aylesworths and Dandurands.”

Another suggestion made by several members of the panel was limiting the term of senators at anywhere from five to ten years. This has often been suggested as a way to keep the age limit down and to spread the honors around. Dean raised one of the major difficulties to be faced if senators are appointed for a definite, renewable term. Unless senators .ire appointed for life, he says, “they are bound to concern themselves with the prospects of reappointment. Supposing they are appointed for ten years; as the ten years draw to a close they will be wondering what their chances are of renewal, especially if a different party from the one that appointed them is now in power. Subconsciously they will be endeavoring not to irritate the government of the day unnecessarily, and their essential independence will have been destroyed.”

In an attempt to escape this difficulty Newfoundland’s Ruth Campbell would combine a non-renewable tenyear term with fixed retirement at 75, “and a contributory pension scheme as in the Commons.”

“World’s Strongest Man”

The nominations for this new Senate tend to reflect strongly the attitudes of each panel member. Scott, for example, who is in favor of getting rid of the Senate, found he could only nominate persons who fell in a very narrow category, since “the men and women I’d be tempted to nominate—the outstanding British Columbians—are doing work too worth while to send them to that Siberia.” He decided to choose people who are “(a) worth honoring, but (b) whose contribution to the progress of British Columbia isn’t such that it. would be missed by sentencing them to Ottawa.”

Here then is the nominating list of Maclean’s panel. It provides the full 102 members for a Senate, broken down into the constitutional provincial ratios.

BRITISH COLUMBIA. Six senators, chosen by Jack Scott, of the Vancouver Sun.

David Ormiston, a 79-year-old oldage pensioner and wharf-sitter.

Douglas Hepburn, who is rated as the world’s strongest man, since his weight-lifting victories in Sweden, “to give to the Senate an air of virility that’s sorely lacking.”

Jan Stepaniuk, a New Canadian farmer who has to work on the roads to get enough money to keep his farm Koing.

Earle Birney: “Birney of course is our leading poet and says things fancier and often clearer than any politician I ever heard. Like most people he’s re-

quired to earn his keep at more mundane things—-as a university professor in his case—-and this keeps him from saying all the fancy, clear things he has in mind. The Senate would be a fine place for Earle to reflect, contemplate and compose without distraction.”

Alfred Law, a 66-year-old retired railway engineer.

Leo Sweeney, “British Columbia’s No. 1 booster, that man who wears the defiant straw hat in the worst rainstorm . . . The Senate is in desperate need of a little color and a few laughs, and Mr. Sweeney can provide both.”

ALBERTA. Six senators, chosen by Basil Dean, of the Calgary Herald.

Dr. E. P. Scarlett, chancellor of the University of Alberta, “because he possesses . . . the most cultivated mind in Alberta and one of the most cultivated minds in Canada.”

Donald Cameron, head of the famed Banff School of Fine Arts, since “he combines a genuine affection for the arts and the things of the spirit with an astute business sense which would do credit to the operations manager of an oil exploration company.” Mr. Justice VV. G. Egbert. Though

Dean doesn’t think judges should be taken from the Bench and appointed to the Senate, “Gordon Egbert’s claim to a senatorship derives principally from his clear conception of the position of the Bench in the modern state.”

C. S. Noble, inventor of “the Noble blade, a plow which turns over the soil immediately below the surface without exposing the topsoil to winds which will carry it away and which has done more to prevent wind erosion—the curs«' of the prairies in the Thirties—than any other development in farming.”

J. J. Zubick, who ran against

Premier Ernest Manning in the last provincial election in Alberta (and was defeated).

Charlie Willis, editor of the Stettler Independent, “the most articulate and forthright weekly newspaper editor in western Canada.”

SASKATCHEWAN. Six senators, chosen by Jim Greenblat, of the Swift Current Sun.

Greenblat feels “the Senate needs a strong dose of high-pressure, grassroots public relations on a scale which would bring it closer to the people.”

Hon. T. C. Douglas, present Premier of Saskatchewan, who “would soon put the Senate’s name in lights all over Canada. A dynamic personality. Despite his philosophies, an ardent Canadian.”

Ariel F. Swallows, QC, “a man

with a terrific impact on his community.”

Andrew King, editor of the Estevan Mercury, “maturing in years but young in spirit.”

James Fraser, a farmer from Pambrun, “a God-fearing man, he speaks as he feels.”

Dr. Oscar M. Irwin, of Swift Current, “a bundle of hot tamale . . . who could be counted on to do more than keep a seat warm in the Senate.”

A. W. (Pallie) Pascoe, of Moose Jaw, a retired postal department inspector.

MANITOBA. Six senators, chosen by Carlyle Allison, of the Winnipeg Tribune.

W. J. Waines, dean of Arts and Sciences at the University of Manitoba.

W. R. Leslie, superintendent of the Dominion government experimental farm, at Morden, Man.

Rex Grose, deputy minister of Industry and Commerce, “a man who has studied for years Manitoba’s industrial and natural resources potential, who is young and full of zeal to tap and develop Canada’s resources.”

W. L. Palk, superintendent of the T. Eaton Co. store in Winnipeg.

R. H. G. Bonnycastle, president of the Stovel-Advocate Press, “a public-spirited younger man who has shown his capabilities in the presidency of the Canadian Club, the Chamber of Commerce and other Winnipeg organizations.”

D. Bruce Shaw, a director of A. E. Ames and Co., “a man with principles who is not afraid to speak out in a meeting.”

ONTARIO. Twenty-four senators, chosen by J. B. McGeachy, of the Globe and Mail.

McGeachy presents a group that includes representatives from every major occupational group in Canada. The only representative of labor in this new .Senate, Pat Conroy, comes from McGeachy’s group. The arts are represented by a novelist, Mazo de la Roche, playwright and author Robertson Davies, L. A. C. Panton, principal of the Ontario College of Art, Dr. Healey Willan, “Canada’s greatest musician and composer whose learning and wit would adorn the Senate,” and E. J. Pratt, “the most distinguished poet living in Ontario, and, as his writing shows, a man familiar with the lives and troubles of ordinary people. There is nothing against making a poet a senator,” McGeachy adds. “W. B. Yeats, possibly the greatest poet of the last half-century, served in the Irish Senate with distinction.”

The universities are well represented in the Ontario list. From Queen’s University in Kingston comes Prof. Arthur R. M. Lower, “who has probably done more than anyone else to rouse an interest in Canada’s history,

even though he may have exasperated many people in the process.” Four others are from the University of Toronto: Dr. Sidney Smith, its president; Dr. Edgar Mclnnis, a professor of history, and also head of the Canadian Institute for International Affairs; R. S. K. Seeley, provost of Trinity College, “a clergyman of spirit and erudition, who has set an example to his academic colleagues by stepping out of college halls to organize and lead conferences on public questions;” and Dean Cecil Wright, “head of the School of Law, a pertinacious debater and leader of the movement to lift the standards of legal scholarship in Ontario.”

McGeachy nominated two veteran journalists, J. V. McAree, Globe and Mail columnist, “a journalist whose wisdom and humor have pleased and enlightened a generatu n of readers and would keep the Senate lively,” and B. K. Sandwell, “doyen of Canadian journalists, who has raised the standard of Canadian writing and criticism by his example and illumined the Canadian scene, for his own countrymen and others, by his powers of observation and analysis.”

McGeachy’s other nominations:

D. W. Ambridge, president of the Abitibi Power and Paper Co., “a captain of industry who is also a forest conservationist and has achieved cordial management-labor relations.” James S. Duncan, president, of Maasey-Harris-Ferguson Ltd., “a busineas leader who knows nearly all there is to know about international (especially dollar-sterling) trade and has done much to promote it.”

Dr. Charles H. Best, “a leader in medical research.”

L. W. Brockington, QC, “whose learning, eloquence and wit have enthralled many audiences.”

Gen. H. D. G. Crerar, “whose advice on military questions would be invaluable.”

H. II. Hannam, president of the Canadian Federation of Agriculture, “an expert on all branches of farming.”

Dr. C. Jack Mackenzie, head of Canada’s atomic research program.

The Rt. Hon. Arthur Meighen, “who through his years out of office has continued to give the public the benefit of his counsel and who would show the Senate, or any other legislative body, how a debating speech should be composed and delivered.” Gladstone Murray, “raconteur, friend of New Canadians (and of old Canadians too), champion of the market economy, who has striven hard, and successfully, to bring about the equable relations between capital and labor.” Charlotte Whitton, “the redoubtable mayor of Ottawa.”

Sigmund Samuel, “a man of taste and deep humanity.”

QUEBEC. Twenty-four senators, chosen by novelist Roger Lemelin.

I, Roger Lemelin, myself, because my father would he proud.

Jean-Charles Bonenfant, librarian at the Quebec Legislature and one of the experts in Canadian constitutional problems. Because he is my neighbor and because someone among us should know something about the Senate problems.

Pat Allen, my grocer. Because he represents the small private enterprise and is not related to the interests of the large companies.

Gérard Filion, journalist at Le Devoir. Because he has a temper and would help us to get mad from time to time, and because he takes himself seriously.

Msgr. Ferdinand Vandry, rector of Laval University. For the moral support. It is always good to have a priest

around, my mother told me.

Maurice (Rocket) Richard, to inspire us and help us reach our goal.

Bona Arsenault, member of Bonaventure City. We must have a good public-relations man.

Raoul Jobin, famous Canadian tenor, to sing us a song when we get bored with our discussions, and to sing O Canada, when we will burst in patriotic explosions.

Jacques Normand, TV star. We will need distractions.

Adrien Pouliot, dean of the Faculty of Sciences at Laval University. Because he has humor, a quality scarcely found in scientists.

Joseph Albert Mongrain, former mayor of Three Rivers. Because he has left politics and still loves preeminence.

Charles De Köninck, Thomist philosopher, to represent large families.

Claude Champagne, music composer, to keep harmony in our ranks.

Gabrielle Roy, novelist. To tell us tales about the west.

Miss Canada 1953. Self-explanatory. (To be replaced each year.)

Her runner-up. Self-explanatory. (To be replaced each year.)

Cyrille Vaillancourt. To represent the old Senate. Also because he gives maple syrup to his friends.

Hugh MacLennan, to represent McGill. Because he is a good writer and I have a certain predilection for novelists.

I' at her Georges-Henri Lévesque,

dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences at Laval. To serve as companion to Msgr. Vandry. They have many problems in common.

Jean Soucy, Quebec painter. To paint a portrait of each of us.

Abraham Moses Klein. To recite his poems after discussions.

Dr. Wilder Penfield. To survey the brainwork of the new Senate.

Jean Bruchési, historian. Because he would love it.

Frank Scott, not. as a constitutional expert or socialist, but as a poet.

NEW BRUNSWICK. Ten senators, chosen by Dr. George Frederick Clarke, of Woodstock, N.B.

Emery LeBIanc, Moncton. Acadian. Bilingual. Brilliant journalist.

Sen. Muriel Fergusson. Fighter for the rights of women.

W. J. Smith, professor of economics, University of New Brunswick. Young, talented. Fights for any cause he believes just.

Norman Buchanan, Minister of Landsand Mines. Military Cross three times. Straight, forward, young, forceful, fearless.

Mary S. Clarke, my wife. Sound judgment, not swayed by sentiment.

Mrs. Kenneth Campbell, Saint John. Able speaker. Charming. Excellent judgment. Is aware of the importance of loyalty to the crown.

Robert A. Tvveedie. Always a good diplomatic envoy for New Brunswick.

John McNair, ex-premier. Calm, judicial, dignified, generous, indefatigable worker.

Harry Greenlaw, Millville, N.B. An agriculturalist. Energetic. Knows needs of country.

Dr. R. R. Prosser, Public Health Department. Eminent psychologist and psychiatrist. Could check on any mental breakdown of his contemporaries.

NOVA SCOTIA. Ten senators, chosen by Mrs. Abbie Lane, of Halifax.

Ernest Beaton, superintendent of industrial relations for the Dominion Steel and Coal Corporation in Cape

Breton. “He knows coal mines and coal miners from the coal face on up to the highest executive position.”

Judge George Morrison. “I once watched him conduct a citizenship ceremony for some New Canadians. He seemed to have such a real understanding of their past struggles and a feeling for the difficulties they would encounter in a new land.”

Cecil Day, editor of the Liverpool Advance. “A man who wields a courageous pen, he has been taking pot shots at the Senate —both seriously and in fun—for years. In the past, each time there has been a Senate vacancy in Nova Scotia he has made a facetious application for the job. Now he should have it.”

Mrs. J. K. (Allie) Ahern, of Halifax. “She’s practical and fair-minded and could add more than a decorative note to Canada’s most famous Gentlemen’s Club.”

Capt. Angus Walters, of Lunenburg, the salty old skipper of the Bluenose. “He could, and would, keep our fishing industry to tin* forefront and, incidentally, add some color to the Senate.”

Rev. Nelson MacDonald, of Dartmouth. Has worked in the Antigonish Movement; by forming co-operatives and credit unions among the farmers, fishermen and townspeople, he has helped to give them a new measure of independence.

Mrs. Margaret Norrie, proprietress of Fundy Farms, North River, Colchester Co. “She has a practical knowledge of farming and its problems. As capable as any man to represent farmers.”

Isabel Macneill, formerly of Halifax, who now is superintendent of the Ontario Training School for Girls at Galt. “She knows all about penal problems and is an expert on reforming people. There’s a real need for her in the Senate.”

Brig. II. V. D. Laing, secretarytreasurer of the Maritime National Fish. To represent the military, and because he has “good business executive ability and a sincere interest in Maritimers and the Maritimes.”

Joseph Howe, ghost, “as a constant reminder of Maritime rights.”

PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND. Four senators, chosen by Dr. Frank MacKinnon, principal of Prince of Wales College, Charlottetown.

Walter R. Shaw, retiring deputy minister of Agriculture. “He has made great contributions to the agricultural industry, not only in his province hut also throughout the country.”

Frank Walker, associate editor of the Charlottetown Guardian, “one of the best-informed citizens in the province, whose wide experience, ability and integrity would be as effective in the legislative process as they have been in the management of a newspaper and the advising of the many public men who have valued his friendship.”

J. O. C. Campbell, practicing h . -yer and former deputy attorney-gener-T. “Legal scholar and court lawyer, ho has been eminent in the field of dominionprovincial relations.”

Frank W. Curtis, engineer and head of the County Construction Co. “An outstanding businessman of wide interests who has been president of both the Charlottetown Board of Trade and t he Maritime Board of Trade.”

NEWFOUNDLAND. Six senators, chosen by Ruth Campbell, of the St. John’s Daily News.

Raymond Gushue, president, Memorial University. “Recognized for his contributions to the province’s fisheries problems. Has made an outstanding

contribution to the growth and academic advance of Memorial University.”

Henry M. S. Lewin, general manager of Bowater’s Newfoundland Pulp and Paper Mills. “His vision and enterprise have been invaluable throughout the program of industrial expansion which has made the Bowater plant one of the largest pulp and paper manufacturing units in the world.”

Gerald S. Doyle, president of Gerald Doyle Ltd., and owner and publisher of the popular monthly newspaper, Family Fireside.

Dr. John McKee Olds, of Twillingate. “Beloved by all the residents of the outports, Dr. Olds carries his services by hospital boat to those along Notre Dame Bay who are unable to reach the hospital at Twillingate. He has also done splenoid work on the Labrador coast and as a doctor accompanying the Newfoundland seal fishing fleet.”

Arthur Monroe, president of Newfoundland Fishery Product« Ltd. “Progressive and imaginative, he has originated and developed this highly integrated sea-to-consumer fishery service, and is leading the way in revolutionizing the fisheries which are Newfoundland’s basic industry.”

Henry G. R. Mews, mayor of St. John’s since 1949. “He has made a notable contribution to the city’s growth and welfare.”

J. B. McGeachy’s comment on his choices for the Ontario members of this new Senate could apply to the list as a whole. “Whether this group could ever manage to enact laws,” he says, “or would simply talk interminably, I have no idea. At any rate, they would make an interesting dinner party.” if