CANADA

Tough talk on culture

Anthony Wilson-Smith,Anthony Wilson-Smith January 2 1995
CANADA

Tough talk on culture

Anthony Wilson-Smith,Anthony Wilson-Smith January 2 1995

THE POLL

What Canadians say about everything from their finances to their love lives

Results of the Maclean’s/CTV poll by Decima Research are based on telephone interviews with 1,610 Canadian residents, 18 years of age or older, selected randomly across all 10 provinces. The survey was conducted from Nov. 19 through Nov. 24. To reduce the margin of error on a province-by-province basis, sample sizes in the six lesspopulated provinces were disproportionately increased. The proportionate weighted sample on a national basis is 1,200 Canadians.

D In your opinion, what is the most important problem facing Canada today?

Unemployment/economy..................36

Gov’t/gov’t spending/deficit..............26

Crime/violence......................................6

Taxes/GST.............................................5

National unity/Constitution...................4

Environment..........................................1

Other/DK/NA........................................21

National results are considered accurate within 2.8 percentage points above or below the figures given,

19 times out of 20. Accuracy ranges are wider for results from individual provinces or subgroups. (Sampling was not undertaken in the Yukon or the Northwest Territories because of the difficulty of obtaining statistically significant results for such sparsely populated areas.)

The results in tables and charts are rounded off to the nearest whole number. For that reason, and because “don’t know” and non-answer responses (DK/NA) are eliminated from some tables and charts, the total percentages in all cases may not add up to 100.

0 Over the past 10 years in Canada, has each of the following got much better, somewhat better, stayed about

the same, got somewhat worse or got much worse?

a) Your personal financial situation:

Much worse........................................11

Somewhat worse................................20

Stayed about the same.......................36

Somewhat better................................24

Much better..........................................9

DK/NA....................................................1

b) The nation’s health-care system:

Much worse........................................13

Somewhat worse................................31

Stayed about the same.......................33

Somewhat better................................15

Much better..........................................6

DK/NA....................................................2

c) Canada’s international reputation:

Much worse..........................................5

Somewhat worse................................19

Stayed about the same.......................37

Somewhat better................................26

Much better..........................................8

DK/NA....................................................6

d) The quality of immigrants who come to Canada:

Much worse........................................23

Somewhat worse................................24

Stayed about the same.......................29

Somewhat better................................12

Much better..........................................2

DK/NA..................................................10

e) The behavior of young people:

Much worse........................................45

Somewhat worse................................31

Stayed about the same.......................17

Somewhat better..................................5

Much better..........................................1

DK/NA....................................................1

ES How has the gap between wealthy Canadians and the middle class changed over the past 10 years?

Narrowed significantly..........................5

Narrowed somewhat.............................9

Stayed about the same.......................25

Grown somewhat................................28

Grown significantly.............................32

0 (Asked of those who answered “grown somewhat” or “grown significantly.”) What, in your opinion, has contributed most to the growth in that gap?

Increased taxes on the middle class......26

Tax loopholes for the wealthy..............32

A decline in job and financial opportunities for average Canadians ....20 A decline in the work ethic

among the middle class.........................2

The best education is available

only to the wealthy.................................6

All of the above.....................................12

None of the above..................................2

DK/NA.......................................................1

0 How has the gap between what is important to average Canadians and to the elite changed over the past 10 years?

Narrowed significantly..........................4

Narrowed somewhat...........................10

Stayed about the same.......................34

Grown somewhat................................29

Grown significantly.............................20

DK/NA....................................................4

0 (Asked of those who answered “grown somewhat” or “grown significantly.”) What, in your opinion, has

contributed most to that growth?

A decline in opportunities for personal advancement for

average Canadians........................13

Access to higher education..................7

Apathy on the part of

average Canadians...............................8

Issues have become so complex that the average person cannot

understand them................................12

The elite no longer represents the

interests of average Canadians..........53

All of the above.....................................4

None of the above................................2

DK/NA....................................................1

EB How have relationships in the home between men and women changed over the past 10 years?

Worsened significantly.......................17

Worsened somewhat..........................26

Stayed about the same.......................20

Improved somewhat...........................23

Improved significantly........................13

DK/NA....................................................2

ES (Asked of those who answered “worsened somewhat” or “worsened significantly.”) What, in your opinion, has contributed most to the deterioration in relationships between men and women? The strains of two-career households.....33

A sense that men and women will

never really understand each other........8

An unwillingness to share housework and child care.........................................9

0 (Asked of those who answered “improved somewhat” or “improved significantly.”) What, in your opinion, has contributed most to the improvement in relationships between men and women?

The benefits of two-career households ....10 A better understanding between

men and women.................................15

A willingness to share housework

and child care.....................................21

DK/NA....................................................4

EH How have opportunities for women to move into senior positions in the workforce changed over the past 10 years?

Worsened significantly.........................1

Worsened somewhat............................3

Stayed about the same.......................15

Improved somewhat...........................54

Improved significantly........................26

DK/NA....................................................1

HI (Asked of those who answered “worsened significantly,” “worsened somewhat” or “stayed about the same.’’)

What is the main reason for that?

The failure of employment equity

programs.............................................10

A backlash by men against the

push for women’s rights......................18

A lack of skills and training

on the part of women..........................10

Employers’ unwillingness to accept that women can balance career

and family responsibilities...................45

A lack of ambition on the part of women.......5

All of the above (volunteered)................1

None of the above (volunteered)...........7

DK/NA.....................................................4

EH How has the gap between Canadians under 30 years of age and those over 30 years of age changed over the past

10 years?

Narrowed significantly..........................3

Narrowed somewhat...........................14

Stayed about the same.......................47

Grown somewhat................................22

Grown significantly.............................12

DK/NA....................................................3

EH (Asked of those who answered “grown significantly” or “grown somewhat.”) What is the main reason for that?

The use of personal computers and other forms of technology has fundamentally changed

these two groups................................20

Fewer opportunities for the under-30

group exist in today’s economy...........40

Those under 30 lack ambition

and initiative.......................................14

Those under 30 have no faith in the ability of those over 30 to

reflect their concerns.........................19

All of the above (volunteered)...............1

None of the above (volunteered)...........5

DK/NA....................................................1

HI Which of the following best describes the state of relations between parents and their children today?

Relations are strained because parents

don't understand their children’s

culture and goals..................................14

Relations are strained because children reject the priorities of

their parents’ generation....................39

Relations are good because parents and children share many of each

other’s interests and values...............17

Relations are good because parents and children understand one another’s

culture better than before....................21

All of the above (volunteered)...............2

None of the above (volunteered)...........5

DK/NA....................................................2

E0 How have relations between the immigrant and non-immigrant communities in Canada changed?

Worsened significantly.......................13

Worsened somewhat..........................30

Stayed about the same.......................25

Improved somewhat...........................23

Improved significantly..........................5

DK/NA....................................................4

EH (Asked of those who answered “worsened significantly” or “worsened somewhat.”) What is the main reason

for the decline in relations between immigrant and non-immigrant communities in Canada?

Too many immigrants have been

allowed into Canada...........................21

The wrong kind of immigrants have

been allowed into Canada..................19

Immigrants to Canada have

unrealistic expectations........................7

Canadians are really an

intolerant people...................................6

Above-average use of social

services by some immigrants.............19

Different values among immigrant

and non-immigrant groups.................25

DK/NA....................................................4

EQ Do you strongly disagree, disagree, agree or strongly agree with each of the following statements?

a) Canada is the best country in the world in which to live:

Strongly disagree..................................2

Disagree................................................7

Agree..................................................52

Strongly agree....................................39

b) One of the biggest differences between me and younger people is their understanding of and familiarity with new technologies:

Strongly disagree................................7

Disagree............................................28

Agree................................................52

Strongly agree..................................11

DK/NA...................................................2

c) Increasing use of technology like personal computers, faxes and cellular phones has reduced our leisure time and made our lives more complicated:

Strongly disagree..............................10

Disagree............................................45

Agree................................................32

Strongly agree..................................11

DK/NA...................................................1

d) No matter how much we try, men and women will never really understand one another:

Strongly disagree..............................17

Disagree............................................44

Agree................................................30

Strongly agree....................................9

DK/NA...................................................1

e) I worry that I can’t keep up with all the changes in technology that are happening today:

Strongly disagree..............................13

Disagree............................................39

Agree................................................37

Strongly agree..................................10

DK/NA...................................................1

f) People who are overly honest in our society are often taken advantage of:

Strongly disagree................................2

Disagree............................................19

Agree................................................53

Strongly agree..................................25

DK/NA...................................................1

g) In Canada, we hold our politicians up to an unrealistically high standard that is almost impossible to meet:

Strongly disagree..............................17

Disagree...........................................42

Agree................................................33

Strongly agree.....................................6

DK/NA...................................................1

h) Too many people who seek public office do so for financial gain:

Strongly disagree................................3

Disagree............................................19

Agree................................................50

Strongly agree..................................27

DK/NA...................................................1

EH Do you currently have a computer for your home, or plan to acquire one in the next year?

Yes, have one...................................39

Definitely won’t acquire....................27

Probably won’t acquire.....................12

May or may not acquire......................6

Probably will acquire........................10

Definitely will acquire..........................6

(Questions 19, 20 and 21 were asked of those who answered “Yes.”)

EH Which of the following do you have with your computer?

(multiple answers accepted)

A modem..........................................45

Video-game software........................72

Word-processing software...............88

Spreadsheet or financial

management software......................66

CD-ROM.............................................27

DK/NA..................................................3

EH Do any children or teenagers use the computer in your home? If “Yes,” do those children or teenagers use it mainly for educational or for

entertainment reasons?

No, children do not use....................29

Yes, educational...............................22

Yes, entertainment...........................15

Yes, both equally..............................24

No children (volunteered).................10

EH Who uses your home computer

most?

You, personally.................................43

Another adult in the house................29

Children under 18 years of

age in the home................................19

All equally (volunteered)......................9

EH How important will it be for people to have computers in their homes in the next few years?

Not necessary at all............................5

Nice to have but not necessary........30

Important but not essential...............40

Essential...........................................25

EH Has the amount of violent crime in Canada decreased a great deal, decreased somewhat, stayed about the same, increased somewhat or increased a great deal in the past 10 years?

Decreased a great deal......................2

Decreased somewhat.........................2

Stayed about the same.....................12

Increased somewhat.........................34

Increased a great deal......................51

EH (Asked of those who answered “increased somewhat” or “increased a great deal.”) What is the main reason

for that increase?

A justice system that is too lenient

and fails to punish the criminal.........40

Violence on television.......................13

Absence of stronger gun-control laws.....5

Immigration policies and laws............2

Parents who fail to pass on the

right values to their children.............22

All of the above (volunteered)...........13

None of the above (volunteered).........4

DK/NA...................................................1

EH Have you personally, a member of your family or a close friend been the victim of a crime in the past two or three years?

Yes, personally.................................13

Yes, a family member.......................12

Yes, a close friend.............................5

Yes (a combination of the above,

volunteered)........................................3

No.....................................................67

EH When you think about crime and bringing criminals to justice, how do you think the police should behave?

Make sure that they abide by all the laws when attempting to

catch a criminal................................61

Not worry too much if they bend some of the laws as long as they

catch a criminal................................22

Break laws if necessary to ensure that they get someone who has

committed a crime............................16

DK/NA...................................................1

B2 Do you strongly disagree, disagree, agree or strongly agree with each of the following statements? a) The next generation will probably not be as dedicated to hard work as were

previous generations:

Strongly disagree................................8

Disagree............................................29

Agree................................................43

Strongly agree..................................19

DK/NA...................................................1

b) In the years ahead, the family will become more important than ever:

Strongly disagree................................3

Disagree............................................23

Agree ...............................................52

Strongly agree..................................21

DK/NA...................................................1

c) Everything is changing so fast, it’s hard for me to imagine what life will be like in 10 years:

Strongly disagree................................4

Disagree............................................26

Agree................................................49

Strongly agree.................................20

EH If you could have one of the following happen to you in the next year, which one would you want most?

Better health.....................................42

More income.....................................43

Better love life...................................12

Other (volunteered).............................2

DK/NA...................................................1

EH If you were a student and obtained a copy of an important exam before it was given, what would you do?

Give it back without looking at it.........46

Look at it briefly and then turn it in......32

Go over it in detail, looking up answers and preparing for the exam....21

DK/NA.......................................................1

EH Suppose that you meet someone who is extremely attractive to you and interested in a brief affair, but you are married or attached. What would you do?

Take the opportunity to have a quick

affair and hope no one finds out..........6

Have an affair in the hope that it turns out to be a longer relationship ....2 Indicate your appreciation, but do

not act on the possibility....................89

DK/NA.....................................................3

EH If you received a cheque for $1,000 from the government that was obviously in error, what would you do?

Ask the person not to tell and

submit the claim.....................................6

DK/NA.......................................................6

EH How sexually active are you?

Not sexually active at all...................13

Not very sexually active....................17

Somewhat sexually active................50

Very sexually active..........................12

DK/NA...................................................9

EUS How many sexual partners have you had in the last year?

None.................................................14

One...................................................68

Two.....................................................5

Three/four...........................................3

Five or more........................................2

DK/NA...................................................8

EH If a stranger was staring at a member of the opposite sex for a prolonged period of time in a public place, how would you describe this kind of behavior?

A form of sexual harassment................7

Inappropriate and offensive behavior ..14

Inappropriate behavior.......................34

Silly but harmless behavior................26

Acceptable behavior...........................15

DK/NA.....................................................4

EH Have you ever thought about having sex with a stranger?

Never...............................................52

Rarely................................................19

Sometimes........................................19

Often...................................................4

DK/NA...................................................6

EH Have you ever had an affair while married?

Yes......................................................8

Never married ............t J..............14

No opinion............\....V ................6

EH If an elected politician was in the same position, what should

the politician do?

Report person to the authorities.........39

Refuse the offer................................40

Accept the offer................................19

DK/NA...................................................2

EH If a good friend approached you with a new, illegal, mind-altering drug and gave you an absolute assurance that it was harmless, what would you do?

Report your friend to the authorities......12

Refuse the drug and be far less friendly with that person

in the future.........................................42

Refuse the drug, but continue your

friendship just as before.....................43

Give the drug a try................................3

EH If one of your colleagues at work caught you trying to get reimbursed for a restaurant meal of $100 on your expense report when it was really a personal expense, what would you do?

Take the item off the expense report.....80

Say that it happens all the time

and submit the claim..............................8

Send it back and let them know

they had made an error.....................69

Deposit the cheque as is and

see what happens.............................26

Cash the cheque and spend the money as quickly as possible.............5

EH If you were qualified and wanted a promotion at work, but were told you were ineligible because the job had to go to a member of a minority group,

what would you do?

Quit your job.......................................6

Make a formal protest.......................52

Grudgingly accept the decision........27

Happily accept the decision.............13

DK/NA...................................................1

EH If a business doing repair work on your home or car offered you a 20-percent deduction on the price if you paid cash so they wouldn’t have to pay income tax and the GST, what would you do? Report the person to the authorities.....6

Refuse the offer................................35

Accept the offer................................58

DK/NA...................................................1