April 1 1908


April 1 1908


The Right Honorable James Bryce

Who pays frequent visits to Canada—Three-quarters of his work at Washington occupied with the affairs of the Dominion—Canada should have an attache to the British Embassy.

A PERIODICAL sojourner to Canada is the Right Honorable James Bryce, British Ambassador at Washington. Recently he paid a flying visit to several Canadian cities. Why these trips of the Ambassador, some one may ask? Is it not the natural and inevitable development of Canadian nationality—the growing world-wide importance of this great commonwealth.

Before the Canadian Club in Montreal recently, the distinguished representative of Great Britain said : “Fully three-quarters of my work has been occupied with the affairs of Canada. Every day I feel that I am even more the Ambassador of Canada at Washington than of Great Britain. Therefore, I have felt it one of my first duties whenever Canadian affairs became important and there was a sufficient number of them to make it desirable, and when I could be spared from Washington, to go to Canada and confer personally with your Governor-General and his Ministers, as well as to make an acquaintance with the people themselves.”

Such being the situation of affairs, many Canadians look hopefully forward to the time when the work of the Embassy at Washington will un-

dergo such a change that the Canadian Government may have there a thoroughly qualified representative permanently stationed, who will act in co-operation and conjunction with the British Ambassador. If threequarters of the business of the Embassy now relates to this country, surely the contention in favor of such an appointment is well founded, and there is no reason to believe that an arrangement of this character would be objectionable to Mr. Bryce or the Mother Country. It would result in a better mutual understanding of many perplexing problems, as well as foster greater cordiality of sentiment between Canada and her neighbors to the south.

Before the Pilgrims’ Society of the United States, Mr. Bryce a few weeks ago, declared :

“International amity is not like conjugal affection, which, if it is to produce happiness, must needs imply the special devotion of each to the other. It is like the friendship of men among themselves, which can take in many at the same time. And, indeed, the more international friendship rises to a sense of human brotherhood the more it feels how much better peace

is than strife and love is than hatred, the wider will it extend the range of its beneficent influence.”

Not long since a well-known Canadian writer asserted :

“It is about t me Canada had permanent personal representation at Washington, where there is always some international matter afoot. Wc wish Mr. Bryce well, but it is time to change the system under which he has to pack his bag for Ottawa.”

At a recent gathering of the Canadian Club in Montreal one of the speakers, after dwelling upon the unsurpassed resources and glorious heritage of Canada, most pointedly emphasized the attitude of this country against the practice of handing over any part of our national interests in order to foster friendly relations with Uncle Sam. “While we have a splendid heritage, we have nothing to give away,” were the significant words used.

Mr. Bryce’s utterances always attract and command the widest attention. Of all economic questions and systems of government, he is a most serious and persistent student. He is a scholar, a traveler, an author, an educationist, a philosopher, a statesman and a diplomat—in fact, a manysided man. When speaking every movement is characteristic of power, animation and reserve force. In stature he is short and walks with a slight stoop, and is rather inclined to be somewhat fussy when compelled to look after personal details. It is only when engaged in serious conversation with the veteran parliamentarian that those who come in the closest relationship with him, realize his true greatness, the breadth of his views, the depth of his knowledge and his strong intellectual grasp of the affairs of State and national development.

Mr. Bryce, not only in Canada, but across the border, is a frequent speaker at public functions. He has, however, a decided aversion to being interviewed.

A Scotchman bv birth, he has long been one of England’s foremost men in point of scholarship and statesmanship. Shortly before his retirement as Chief Secretary of Ireland, to become the representative of Great Britain at Washington, Mr. Justin McCarthy wrote: “James Bryce is uni-

versally recognized as one of the in tellectual forces in the British Houst of Commons. When he rises to make a speech, every one listens with the deepest interest, feeling sure that some ideas and some instruction are sure to come which no political party in the House can well afford to lose. Some men in the House of Commons have been orators and nothing else ; some have been orators and instructors as well ; some have been parliamentary debaters more or less capable ; and a good many have been bores. In every generation there have been a few who are especially regarded as illuminating forces. The House does not think of measuring their influence by any estimate of their greater or less capacitv for mere eloquence of expression. It values them because of the lessons which they teach. To this small order of members James Bryce undoubtedly belongs.”

Mr. Bryce has always been an openair man, a mighty walker and climber; president of the Alpine, 1889 to 1901 ; and has traveled almost everywhere. He is believed to be the only man since Noah who has stood on the top of Ararat. He is 70 years of age and has received honorary degrees from many universities, Dr. Goldwin Smith being one of his old masters at Oxford. He is often styled “Professor” Bryce, having gained this title from his eminence as regius professor of civil law at the great English seat of learning many years ago. He is the author of several widely-known works, among them being “The American Commonwealth,” “Holy Roman Empire,” “Two Centuries of Irish History,” “Impressions of South Africa,” “Studies in History and Jurisprudence,” and “Studies in Contemporary Biography.”

One of Canada’s Most Successful and Popular Railway Men

LOOMING large in the railway world, a thorough master of himself and his duties, a clever diplomat and one of the strongest factors in the great Canadian Pacific System, is Mr. William Whyte, of Winnipeg, Second Vice-President of the road. A Scotchman by birth, he inherited from his forebears, that selfreliant spirit, earnest, active disposition, and sterling worth of make-up, which ensure the success of so many of the rugged sons of the heather.

Mr. Whyte’s railway career dates back some forty-five years. Faithful and true in minor details, the same characteristics have prevailed in the higher spheres of usefulness which he has filled so admirably and efficiently. Mr. Whyte is a man who has risen from the humblest position. In many capacities he served, forming a ground work of experience and insight, so strong and enduring, that he has for many years been regarded as one of the staunchest pillars in the railway arena. In 1883, after twenty years’ service with the G. T. R., he became an official on the C. P. R., his first post being general superintendent of all the company’s lines in Ontario, west of Smith’s Falls. Later, the Eastern Division was added to his jurisdiction, and in 1886 he was appointed general superintendent of the Western Division, with headquarters at Winnipeg. In 1901 he was made assistant to the President, and relieved

from all routine work in order to look after the extension of the system in the West, and the development of trade, particularly the Great Northwest. In furtherance of this duty, in 1901, he made a trip through Russia, over the newly-constructed Trans-Siberian Railway, and two years later was appointed Second Vice-President of the C. P. R.

Some idea of the influence, popularity and tact of Mr. Whyte may be gained by the reproduction of an article which appeared in the Toronto press on September 24th, 1904, from the pen of Mr. Nelson R. Butcher, who accompanied the Railway Commission on its first trip to the West. In the course of an interesting outline of the jaunt, Mr. Butcher said: “The work accomplished during the first trip of the Railway Commission will be of great interest to the people of Western Canada, and, in fact, to the whole Dominion. Having traveled with the Commissioners throughout the whole journey of between 7,000 and 8,000 miles, covering the whole of the Canadian Northwest and British. Columbia it occurred to me that it would be but fair to volunteer an account of the business transacted, and again to point to the vast possession of this great Dominion, and the place it will eventually occupy as the backbone of the food supply of the British Empire.

The business of the Commission divides itself into two branches— first, the hearing of complaints regarding railway matters ; second, visiting the whole territory with a view to getting, as nearly as possible, a practical knowledge of the farming and ranching industry in Manitoba and the Territories, and the lumber, shingle, mineral, coal, fish and fruit interests of British Columbia and the Coast.

On the whole, with the exception of a few specific instances, there exists a friendly feeling between the people and the railway companies. Through the whole Western country, there was constantly coming up the influence for good by William Whyte, of the C. P. R., whom the people describe as a “big man.”

In many of the towns visited where complaints had been lodged for hearing, it was found that his diplomacy has effected an amicable settlement, and the Boards of Trade would announce, since the filing of their complaints, that things had been arranged to the satisfaction of all concerned. Most of the trouble complained of had been the result of some careless subordinate, or by the blocking of traffic at stations where the business had grown faster than the shipping facilities, but everywhere was to be seen immense improvement works which must be costing the railways many millions of dollars. On the whole, those who addressed the Board as complainants or on behalf of the railways, treated the subjects in a manly way. There was very little bickering and the meetings closed with amicable feelings as between the companies and the people. . . . One

of the most important questions brought before the Commission, and one which required extensive investigation, was the subject of fire-guards throughout the ranching districts be-

tween Moose Jaw and the Rockies. The railways cannot operate without their engines emitting sparks which cause fires. The heavy winds on the prairies cause these fires to spread, burn hundreds of miles of grazing country. Great herds of cattle are sometimes lost ; the cattle have either to be driven great distances, or perish of starvation. Mr. Whyte took much interest in this question and asked that the Commission give this subject their earnest consideration.

Mr. Whyte is-a most enthusiastic and wide-awake Canadian, and is the President of the Canadian Club at Winnipeg. At the recent gathering in Ottawa, when representatives of Canadian Clubs from far and near met to consider the plan of His Excellency, Lord Grey, to preserve the Plains of Abraham as a national park, he had the signal honor of presiding over the gathering. Mr. Whyte is a member of several other clubs, and is identified with a number of leading financial institutions and railway corporations. He is a director of the Imperial Bank, the Confederation Life Association, and the British Columbia Southern Railway. He is also Vice-President of the Winnipeg

Street Railway, and the Standard Trust Company.

Of a jovial disposition, possessing a warm heart and generous nature, Mr. Whyte has hosts of admiring friends in all parts of Canada, who confidently predict that he is the “coming railway man of the Dominion.” In private life he is an ideal husband and happy father. His beautiful residence in Winnipeg is the centre of much culture and social interest. Mr. Whyte spends the greater part of his leisure time at home. Rarely does he take an extended holiday, but, when he finds time to steal away from his strenuous duties, he frequently passes several days with a party of congenial friends in a hunting expedition at their shooting-box in the fertile Qu’Appelle valley.

Mr. Whyte's name has freely been mentioned as one who would in every way be acceptable as a member of the augmented Board of Railway Commissioners, but it is doubtful if he could be induced to relinquish his connection with the C. P. R. and take the relatively small stipend given to a commissioner.

The able assistant to Mr. Whyte is Mr. F. W. Peters, who has been with the Canadian Pacific Railway since 1881. Mr. Peters has filled a number of positions with efficiency and zeal, his last post being assistant general freight traffic manager of all Western lines. He has been in railway life since 1874, when he began his career as an operator on the Intercolonial.

Another important change which went into effect last month was the appointment of Mr. J. W. Leonard as general manager of the company’s lines east of Fort William, with jurisdiction over all matters relating to the maintenance of way and operation.

Whose familiar countenance has appeared in the columns of the daily press more frequently during: the past month than that of any other man in Canada. This has been brought about, not only by reason of his prominence as a railway builder and shrewd financier, but by his securing: practically absolute control of the Electrical Development Company.

Popular YoungPoet who will write a Canadian play.

THE bank clerk poet, whose verses “Songs of a Sourdough,” have given him a powerful lift on the road to fame, is about to write a play, at the request of Mr. Ernest Shipman, the widely-known theatrical man.

Mr. Robert W. Service, who is a servant of the Bank of Commerce, never knew he had such genius, such a gift to wrench, stir, quicken and

enthuse even the most listless and lethargic, until his friends prevailed upon him to issue some of his productions in book form. This, he consented to do, but reluctantly. Previous to the appearance of this volume, he had written solely for his own amusement and the entertainment of friends—in fact, had thrown into the waste-basket more meritorious productions than have appeared. Of the “Songs of a Sourdough," over 10,000 copies have been sold to Canadians.

Mr. Service is English by birth, the proud town of Preston, in Lancashire, being his natal spot, nearly thirtyone years ago. When six years of age, his father, Mr. Robert Service, moved to Kelvinside, Glasgow. There the young poet attended the High School, Glasgow University, and also entered the employ of the Commercial bank. Some twelve or thirteen years ago, Robert, who is the eldest son in a family of seven boys and three daughters, came to Canada. His parents followed in 1905, and reside at 709 Dufferin Street, Toronto, along with several members of the family. Mr. Service has not seen his son for many years, but says that, as a boy, Robert was intense either at work or play. Lie wrote much, especially in the evenings. His parents gave little heed to what he was penning, although his father distinctly remembers that one or two of his prose productions appeared in the Glasgow Iderald and two or three other papers. At the Hillhead High School, in Glasgow, the headmaster called young Service the “cock of the walk,” and was very proud of his efforts in verse.

Since coming to America, the author of “Songs of a Sourdough” has followed many occupations and undergone varied experiences. He has traveled through all the Western and Southern States, and, at different times, was a tutor in influential families on Vancouver Island. He is a noted swimmer, an enthusiastic bicyclist, and a keen lover of the drama. He has roughed it in all sorts of places, and for some months in the Southern States voluntarily “tramped it.” He enjoyed the life, and says it was perfectly free, careless and happy. In various pursuits, he has gained an intimate acquaintance with human nature, particularly in studying different classes of people from the level of a common hobo, as well as from the view point of a rancher, a teacher, and a traveler. If Mr. Service succeeds in producing a Canadian play of such splendid spirit, stirring sentiment, enthralling a character and heroic a nature as that which marks his verse, he will have an exceptionally bright future as a playwright.

Strange to say, the request to write a Canadian play comes from an eminent Toronto boy, Mr. Shipman, who, in the theatrical world is a recognized leader. Mr. Shipman’s conception of a Canadian play, staged by a Canadian manager, with a Canadian lady as the star, may soon become a reality.

The story of how Mr. Service happened to be requested to write a Canadian play is interesting. Mr. Shipman was ill for a few days in Toronto, and a friend dropping in, left a copy of “Songs of a Sourdough” with the theatrical man. Mr. Shipman handed the book to his wife (Miss Roselle Knott) to read to him. She began with the “Law of the Yukon,” which is the first poem in the volume. Mr. Shipman’s interest was immediately quickened and aroused. He inquired, as to the author, and, finding the name, soon learned his address and wired the young poet at White Horse, in the Yukon district, asking him to write a play. Mr. Shipman’s observation is happy and timely. He prophetically declares “if Mr. Service can write a play in the same spirit that he wrote these poems, he will make himself famous as well as me.”

And there is no reason why Robert W. Service should not do so. When seven years old, he asked permission of his father to attend a play in one .of the small booths in Glasgow, and was allowed to go. A few months later the boy told his parents that he wished to take part in an amateur presentation of “Roy Roy.” He went and entered with verve and spirit upon the character which he impersonated. Thus, at an early age, did lie give evidence of talent and latent genius, a genius which is now fully developing and may bring him higher honor and wider recognition in the great dramatic world than he has already attained in the poetic.

Who has made great sacrifices for an ideal.

WILL Dr. Augustus Stefan Vogt, the brilliant leader of the famous Mendelssohn Choir, have the honor of Knighthood conferred upon him when birthday honors are distributed by His Majesty on Victoria Day next? Dr. Vogt richly deserves such distinction. He has accomplished more than many a Canadian who has been decorated with a K.C.M.G., and it will not surprise his thousands of friends and admirers if he is soon known as Sir Augustus Vogt. A Canadian who realizes the value of an ideal, he is prepared to make any sacrifices for its accomplishment. All fellow countrymen are proud of him. He has done more in perfecting choral art than any other person, and has made Canada in this respect envied of all nations. Dr. Vogt is a master, a genius, a wizard, at the art of teaching music.

Born in the little Village of Elmira, Waterloo County, forty-eight years ago, his father, Mr. George Vogt, was a skilled organ builder, and many church organs in use to-day in Western Ontario are evidences of his proficiency and handiwork. The son inherited the love of and knowledge for the organ which his father had. He believes that it is the “instrument of the soul." When only twelve years

of age, the lad presided at the instrument in St. John’s Lutheran Church, Elmira. He has held many important posts, but has yielded up his connection with all to test and prepare voices for his famous choir. Strange to relate, while he thinks his celebrated organization is excellent, yet he believes much remains to be attained. Probably one of the secrets of his signal success as a conductor is that he has been strictly guided by Goethe’s words :

Vor den Wissenden sich stellen Sicher ist’s in allen Faellen Wenn du lange dich gequaelet Weisz er gleich wo dir es fehlet Auch auf Beifall darfst du hoffen Denn er weisz wo du’s getroffen.

The recent concerts in Massey Hall in this city and in Convention Hall in Buffalo have once more added to the laurels of singers, and a conductor who is universally recognized as being without a peer. As a well-known writer has remarked, “a musical ensemble body must ever be the reflection of its controlling head, the dominating influence which fixes its direction and purpose.”

Dr. Vogt presents a rare interesting character study, whether in the role of a master musician or an estimable and exemplary citizen. He possesses to a marked degree a truly artistic temperament, coupled with splendid executive and administrative ability—a most unusual combination. He has set at naught all misgivings about Canadians not being a musical people.

Dr. Vogt is a deep and conscientious student of untiring energy, and high motive. He has an all pervading admiration, love and respect for exalted musical ideals. An enthusiast himself, he inspires this commendable attribute in others. His choral organization has won such renown that it may possibly go to England and Germany at no distant date, to compete for supremacy with the leading musical bodies of the Continent.

The Mendelssohn Choir is facile princeps, the pre-eminent musical body in America. This distinction has been freely bestowed upon it by the ablest critics of New York and other cities. In no unmeasured terms have they paid glowing tributes to Dr. Vogt and his splendid choir, which, in all. the largest and most discriminating centres, have carried all before them and aroused scenes of enthusiasm—the like of which are unprecedented and unparalleled. Each succeeding year the receptions are of the most spontaneous, warm-hearted character. On the occasion of the recent visit to Buffalo one critic said: “It is a revelation to me. I had no idea such a perfect choir existed on this side of the Atlantic. Toronto should be proud of Dr. Vogt and his choir, which is, I venture to say, the finest in the whole world.”

Fellow-Canadians are deeply appreciative of Dr. Vogt’s work. His heart is completely bound up in his “labor of love.” The Mendelssohn Choir has, the public believes, attained perfection as fully and genuinely as any human agency can, and, as a distinguished New York authority expressed it on the occasion of the visit to the metropolis a little over a year ago, “It is not only worthy of all praise, but is almost beyond praise. The members are the most finished exponents of choral work that I have ever heard.”

Such were some of the bouquets of acclamation last year. One more word may be added ere concluding. Each succeeding year the choir, which may be described as cosmopolitan in character, embracing nearly 300 voices, arouses more enthusiasm and admiration even when all declare that the limit of public appreciation and perfection of effort have been reached. No other choir in the world quite compares with this one in the complete expression of universal choral music. Each cycle marks an epoch in musical attainment and achievement that stands out more loudly, more lustrously, in the melody and harmony of the great musical world of which Dr. Vogt is such an illuminative and commanding figure.

Who is Recognized as an Authority on Insurance

COMING from a family long identified with life insurance business in Canada, Mr. Herbert C. Cox, in the words of Shakespeare, the world’s greatest dramatist, is “to the manor born.”

His father, Hon. George A. Cox, began life in Peterborough—then a small town—in the late sixties and early seventies, as a modest, earnest, active agent of the Canada Life Assurance Company. He was animated by an unconquerable ambition, and that was to attain the honorable and responsible position of president of the company. It seemed, while in every way laudable, a lofty desire— a mere Utopian dream—but in the year 1900 that dream was realized.

Mr. Herbert C. Cox gives abundant promise of following in the footsteps of his illustrious parent. Although he has not yet celebrated his thirtyfifth birthday, he has scaled high the insurance ladder until to-day he is not only a leading figure in one of the oldest and most reliable companies of the Dominion, but a recognized authority on insurance, both in Canada and across the boundary line.

Mr. Herbert C. Cox is president of the Life Underwriters’ Association of Canada, and first vice-president of the National Association of Life Underwriters. Both bodies held their annual conventions in Toronto last August.

The Canadian Association was organized in June, 1906, Mr. G. H. Allen, of Montreal, being its first president. He was succeeded last year by Mr. Cox. This association is affiliated with the National Association which is the representative organization of all companies over the border.

After receiving his education in the Public Schools of Peterborough, the Jarvis Street Collegiate Institute and Toronto University, Mr. Cox, in 1S94 began his career as correspondence clerk in the Eastern Ontario branch office. Rising step by step he has reached the position of manager of the company for Eastern Ontario and Michigan branches. Under his jurisdiction and progressive oversight, this territory has shown splendid results. He is exceedingly popular with his business associates, and sets those under him an example at all times worthy of emulation in industry, zeal and energy.

Mr. Cox has devoted study, thought and research to all insurance legislation and financial problems. He is an authority of widely recognized reputation, and during the past few months has addressed influential gatherings of insurance agents and State associations in Chicago, Detroit, Pittsburg, and other leading cities in Uncle Sam’s domain, as well as in Canada. As president of the Life Lmderwriters’ Association of Canada, with a membership of over 500 of the most aggressive and wide-awake agents in the Dominion, the executive of which embraces representatives from twenty-three local associations, Mr. Cox recently appeared before the Banking and Commerce Committee at Ottawa. He delivered before the members, a thoughtful and comprehensive address in which objection was taken particularly to clause 53 in the Insurance Bill. This clause deals with the limitation of expense beyond which no company can legally go, and for several ieasons the underwriters are asking for the elimination of this and subsequent relative sections of the bill. They contend that such ä limitation would bear primarily upon the canvassing agent, and place upon him an insupportable burden. Section 53 fixes, not only the sum which mav be spent under the heading of expense, but stipulates the manner in which it may be used. The companies maintain that this would be inimical to the best interests of the policy-holder and his-beneficiaries, as well as to the agent and the coiiipany. A year or two ago, Mr. Cox was one of the representatives of the association to appear before the Royal Commission on Insurance.

Vigorous and alert in every move, Mr. Cox possesses a pleasing personality and an affable disposition. In addition to his wide connection with insurance, he is identified with several other organizations of national prominence. He is vice-president of the Provident Investment Company, a director of the Central Canada Loan & Savings Company, the Toronto Savings & Loan Company (of Peterborough), the Imperial Accident & Guarantee Company, and the Dominion Securities Corporation. He is also a director of the Robert Simpson Company, of Toionto, a trustee of the Toronto General Hospital, a member of the committee in charge of the erection of the proposed million dollar building, as well as director of the Toronto Conservatorv of Music.

There is something better than making a living, —making a life.—Abraham Lincoln.

The Founder of the Canadian Clubs

The idea of such a splendid organization was put forth on the evening of December 6, 1892, by Mr. C. R. McCullough of Hamilton — Great growth of the movement.

THE honor of originating Canadian Clubs in their present form really belongs to Mr. Charles R. McCullough, who is a native of Bowmanville, but has resided in Hamilton for a score or more years. He was the moving spirit in establishing on December 6, 1892, the Canadian Club in Hamilton, and from that date the movement has gained such strength and influence that similar bodies are now formed in nearly every city and town in the fertile Dominion.

The central feature of their policy is the fostering and developing of national sentiment, appreciation and loyalty, the cultivation of public spirit and higher ideals of duty and citizenship.

The Hamilton Canadian Club recently made Mr. McCullough an honorary life member. Previous to the organization of the Hamilton club, there had been associations of a national character, but not founded on the same permanent and enduringlines as the present progressive organization which listens to addresses by representative Canadians and distinguished visitors on history, art, literature, forestry and resources.

Mr. McCullough has always taken a deep interest in the cause of education. He is a member of the Hamilton Board of Education, and for several years conducted a successful business college in the Ambitious City. He was previous to that engaged in the teaching of commercial subjects in Belleville, Ontario. Mr. W. Sandford Evans, who is now a member of the Board of Control, Winnipeg, was one of those associated with Mr. McCullough in forming the club, and was made its first president.

Some of the other pioneer members of the club were Adam Brown, A. T. Freed, F. R. Hutton, Lieut.Col. J. S. Hendrie, A. H. H. Heming, W. A. Sherwood, F. M. Pratt, Senator Sanford and Rev. J. H. Long.

Although inaugurated on an unpretentious scale, the club soon had over 700 members, but these figures are now reduced. Its earlier speakers

included many local men of high standing, and, later on, men of the rank of Sir Oliver Mowat, Hall Caine, and Sir Gilbert Parker addressed the organization. An exhibition of Canadian pictures was held, various essays were read covering a wide range of subjects, a steel flagstaff was presented to the city, and Mr. J. H. Smith initiated a plan for the flying of flags upon the schoolhouses of Wentworth County.

He Rendered the State Good Service

The career of the late Judge Killam marked by earnest endeavor and high ideals — An inspiration to fellow Canadians, his loss is a national one — A man of untiring zeal and industry.

PLODDING industry, legal erudition, intellectual ability, infinite patience, and incorruptible integrity—such were the salient characteristics of the late Judge Killam, chairman of the Railway Commission of Canada, whose sudden death from pneumonia is, in more than one sense, a national loss.

Possessed of an infinite capacity for hard work, and an excellent grasp of detail, he soon became a thorough master of the whole railway situation in Canada. Mr. Killam was a bright and active member of society. He inspired confidence in men ; he aroused the true in them. They felt that he was strong, earnest, tactful, firm, and alert. He was one of Nova Scotia’s most brilliant sons, and although he had not at-

tained the age of sixty years, his labors as a lawyer, a judge, and a public commissioner, will long be remembered with gratitude by his fellow-countrymen.

In 1905, he succeeded the late Hon. Andrew G. Blair as presiding officer of the Railway Commission. Mr. Blair’s work had been a success for he had acquired much experience and special training when occupying the portfolio of Minister of Railways and Canals. The record of Judge Killam has been equally as satisfactory, if not more so, than that of his painstaking predecessor. Mr. Killam kept matters well in hand; he saw clearly and quickly the merits of a case, and gave his decisions without delay, partiality or prejudice.

The success, usefulness and necessity of the Railway Commission is now generally recognized. The amount of work under the jurisdiction of that body is constantly growing, the Railway Commission now having supervision of telephone and telegraph companies. The membership is being doubled, so that the multifarious character of the work can be apportioned.

Of Judge Killam it may be said, he rendered the State good service ; he enjoyed the confidence and closest friendship of his colleagues and associates. They felt that in his integrity and good intentions, both the public and the railway companies had implicit trust.

An ornament to the judiciary of Canada, a thoughtful, public-spirited citizen, a Canadian of that too rare type of doing “with all his might whatsoever his hand found to do”— such is an epitome of the career of the late Alfred Clements Killam.

A Valiant Leader and Vigorous Fighter

Is Hon. J. D. Hazen, the newly elect Premier of New Brunswick —A public spirited man who has progressive ideas and has steadily forged his way to the front in his native province.

i 6 A YOUNG man of ability and promise.” This is the way the friends of Mr. John Douglas Hazen enthusiastically described him a few years ago ; to-day Mr. Hazen is the Premier of his native Province—New Brunswick—so certain has been his progress. Of his advancement it may be said that it has always been characterized by a high conception of duty, steadiness of purpose, and loftiness of aim. He possesses public spirit, and has served in many capacities. For some years he was alderman and Mayor in the Capital city of New Brunswick. In 1900 he removed to St. John and represented that city in the House of Commons for a term. In 1896 he was defeated, but three years later entered the Legislature and became leader of the Conservative party in New Brunswick in 1903.

Mr. Hazen is a man of affairs, an incisive and impressive speaker, a far-seeing and studious politician, a hard campaigner, but a fair, open fighter in every combat.

Eleven premiers had been at the helm in New Brunswick since Confederation, and Hon. J. D. Hazen makes the twelfth. He succeeded in ousting a Liberal Government that had been entrenched in power for a quarter of a century, and captured the Province by a splendid majority. The new Premier has promised the people an enlightened and economical administration, and it is believed that he will implement every one of the twelve planks on which he appealed for public support and confidence.

From one end of Canada to the other, Mr. Hazen had been felicitated upon his magnificent victory, which he asserts, is in no sense a

party triumph, but simply the sincere, earnest desire of the electors to have a new order of things ushered in, the people having decisively declared in favor of the cry, “It is time for a cl lange.”

Some Things About Some Men

NO county in Ontario is more proud of a native son than is the County of Waterloo over Mr. W. L. Mackenzie King. The people up there yield to no one in their admiration and love for the talented and brilliant Deputy Minister of Labor, who has just been entrusted with another important mission of State. Some few weeks ago he presented an

exhaustive report to the Federal Government on Oriental immigration in the West. Now he has gone to England to confer with the Imperial Indian and Colonial Offices respecting the immigration of Hindoos and other British East Indians to Canada. He will lay before the Imperial authorities the views of the Canadian Government. Canadian opposition, especially in British Columbia, to the influx of Orientals, will be explained and the interchange of views, it is expected, will result in the reaching of some sat-

isfactory agreement between the two Governments.

HON. ADAM BECK, who is so much in the public eye in Ontario on account of the position he occupies as leader in the movement for cheaper power, was once a working blacksmith. He is now a cigar box manufacturer. Although, since politics became his vocation, the making of cigar boxes has practically become an avocation. He has a hard task before him to weld the different interests together in regard to the power question. The sparks are flying and a great many people are watching the process.

ON. FRANK OLIVER, the Minister of the Department of Interior, has been a prominent figure in Parliament ever since he entered the House. He is a man of considerable ability, but it was not always ability which brought him into the public eye. He is a sincere man and like most sincere men when they are crossed in their purposes, impetuously say and do things which had better been left unsaid or undone, but whatever faults he may have he has deserved his success. Less than a generation ago he was an ordinary working printer, but he had ambition as wide and as boundless as the prairies. He was in Winnipeg when he married, and his honeymoon was a trip across the prairies from Winnipeg to Edmonton by horse and wagon, a journey which occupied no less than three months. This journey not only gave him an opportunity of becoming acquainted with his wife, but he doubtless then learned some things about the boundless prairies which assisted to make him the good Minister of Interior that he is.