Planning Soviet Rule in Canada
Tracing to the Centre of the Web
LIEUT.-COL. J. B. MACLEAN
THE defeat of the Revolutionists in Winnipeg by the arrest of the leaders has not by any means ended the dangers to Canada. There is every reason to look for serious times this fall and winter. The Germans are spending money freely; and from a purely business standpoint it will pay them to pour out many millions more in their efforts to promcte strikes, create discord among returned soldiers and otherwise cripple Canadian and other allied trades while they—far better organized than we are—will undersell us in our own markets.
Clear, undisputed evidence is in the possession of the authorities that their agents and dupes are preparing Eastern Canada, particularly Quebec and the Maritime Provinces, for the revolution ; that the money comes from German sources; and finally that the whole movement is directed from one source in the United States and by one German, in New York, who has been wielding great power at Ottawa. I have never seen his name in a Canadian paper and a man who occupied a prominent position in the Department of Justice during the war, whose business it was to know of every dangerous character, had never heard of him. The Minister of Justice and some Cabinet Ministers had been fully warned. Yet that man, a German enemy, went to Ottawa and caused two of the most important orders-in-council *—which had been carefully drawn up and issued, and which were designed for our protection at home and the safety of our fighting men overseas—to be cancelled, that he and his agents might more effectively work for our injury and defeat. We did not awaken until he had almost accomplished part of his scheme—a Soviet Government in Winnipeg. Then an aroused public opinion forced the Government to bring back the orders in council in the form of an Act of Parliament. * Incidentally letters seized show that the Revolution started in Winnipeg sooner than the higher-ups intended.
This man in Sauteri Nuorteva, New York, alias Nyberg, a German ex-convict, head of the German* propaganda bureau in New York—the body which directed the bombing, fires and explosions in the munition plants and ships in the U.S.
If the Dominion Department of Justice had acted on the information of those w'ho knew the facts, who gave them the facts, there would have been no big strike in Winnipeg, there would have been no smaller strikes from Vancouver East to Sydney. Other very important information was offered from other official sources and the offers did not bring the courtesy of. an acknowledgment. Time and again the local authorities sentenced most dangerous agitators, the men who started the trouble and they were promptly released. The Labor Unions, the employers and the people of Canada have suffered losses of millions upon millions, at the instigation of the enemy and for the sole purpose of benefiting the enemy in the war and in the future, and the Dominion Ministry of Justice is entirely to blame. Has not the time come for a complete clean-up of a department that has been failing us, that has failed to co-operate with the Militia Department and that actually thwarted the efforts of the Prime Minister himself ?
It is true that there is something to be said in extenuation. The Department is handicapped because it must act through local authority, and provincial and municipal officials are as sceptical of German propaganda as the Asquith-Haldane-Churchill gang were of a German war. That does not excuse them but it proves the need for a virile Dominion Police force.
A N opportunity for full inquiry is now open. Press despatches say that the Manitoba Government is investigating the causes leading to the Winnipeg strike and the results. The Commissioner cannot do his work effectively unless he procures all the data in the Department of Justice, and particularly the reports submitted by C.' H. Cahan, K.C., and the information receved and offered, but ignored, from other very important sources. In an article on “Why Canada Let Trotzky Go,” published in June MACLEAN’S, I referred to the appointment of Mr. Cahan as Director of Public Safety. I did not then, and do not now know Mr. Cahan, I have never even seen him and have therefore no personal interest in him. What I know, and am giving here, is the result of special inquiries. The fact more than confirms what was said on Page 66, in June
MACLEAN’S, about the Trotzky influence at Ottawa and the persistent propaganda carried on by his agents through his groups in Canada to hamper our war efforts and bring on trouble connected with labor and returned soldiers. Conditions were so bad and the Department of Justice showed such helplessness, that the outlook seemed hopeless and Sir Robert Borden brought Mr. Cahan all the way from California and asked him, as a personal favor, to take charge of the situation, as Director of Public Safety. Certain persons in Canada co-operated with him and he had the assistance of the secret sources of all our Allies, so * that he soon uncovered a mass of amazing information.
But officialdom blocked him at every turn. Men who should have helped him sneered at his work. Sir Robert, who knew the seriousness of the situation, was at the Peace Conference and other Cabinet Ministers were not only indifferent but they hampered Mr.
Cahan’s work. Only in the Militia Dept., where they had a strong Minister and a very capable chief of staff, General Gwatkin, was his work understood.
Tracing it Back to Martens
13UT the Winnipeg strike came and happenings leading up to it began to be gossiped about. Cahan’s reports were recalled. The raids and the arrests of the leaders in Winnipeg and Toronto, the raids elsewhere, the splendid work of the N. W. Police under Com. Perry and finally the big raids in New York produced evidence that proved that the trouble was all directed from one centre in New York. At the head of that centre was a German, Martens, with millions of money available for propaganda. Martens claimed to be a Russian, but the U.S. Government produced his own sworn and signed statement made in 1916, proving he was a German and that he registered there as a German. A further study of the names uncovered in the raids and their activities that led to the strikes show that had the Department of Justice arrested and jailed or deported about thirty men whose names they had, they would have put out of the way the real trouble-makers and there would have been no strikes.
And again, Canada owes a tremendous debt to the Minister of Labor and to the Trade Union leaders who supported him in Canada, and to Gompers and the
heads of the International Unions in the States. These men had a broader knowledge of world situations than the Ministry of Justice. But for their foresight and steadfastness there is no doubt but that Canada from Port Arthur to Vancouver would have come under Soviet rule in May.
Help the Labor Unions
NOR is it fair to put all the blame upon the Ministry of Justice. A lot of us, manufacturers and employers of labor, have not done and are not doing what we should to help our best friends, the legitimate labor unions and the men in them in the present life and death-struggle with anarchy. We are hearing a great deal about conciliation, but General Mitchell, whose brilliant intelligence and propaganda work in France and Italy brought him international recognition, started a new and vastly better idea when he said in a public address that it was not conciliation that we needed between employers and employees, including returned soldiers, but co-operation. Writing from my own experience of over a third of a century with the seven different unions in my own employ and with the mass of information now at hand I would impress upon all employers the recognition of and the standing by all bona fide unions, meeting all reasonable requests as to methods of bargaining, wages and hours. I have had many a fight with my own Unions, I have had strikes, and will probably have trouble in the future. My actual experience always favored International Unions. The men at the head have a world experience and outlook which overcomes the n'arrowness of a small locality— ->d they are almost invariably fair and conscientious in their dealings. I believe I am right in saying that the master printers of Toronto were the first to grant the ninehour day; then the eight. More than that we inaugurated collective bargaining. In 1907 we entered into a five year collective agreement with seven allied printing trades. At the end of that time the leading Union said: “No more collective bargaining for us,” and we have never gone back to it. Wb now have to spend weeks settling seven different wage scales with seven different unions.
The labor view is expressed by Samuel Gompers, President of the American Federation of Labor, who sailed last week for the International Trades Union Congress at Amsterdam, when he said his delegation was pledged to advocate the broad principles of democracy and justice to which the workers are entitled as against Bolshevism.
Some of the most important facts in this article have been given me by U.S. and Canadian labor leaders.
VTOT only in Canada but in Britain and the United lN states have we employers been short-sighted. Mayor Hanson of Seattle, who fought the I. W. W. when his city found itself one day under a Soviet Government, told the business men of Chicago last week that the indifference of employers in the NorthWest to the conditions in which lumbermen lived had given opportunity for Radicals to promote trouble and Samuel Crowther, who had been investigating conditions in Europe for a U.S. business paper, takes a similar view. “The question,” he says, “which the European employer formevly asked himself with respect to labor was, ‘How can I get an adequate production at a proper cost from my force?’ The question that he is now asking himself is, ‘How can I avoid going out of business?’ ” He concludes his report with: “If I should be asked to state in a word what will be the policy of British employers—and I have talked with a great many of them—I could only say that there is no policy as yet. But there is an openmindedness in the majority which may work out the situation,once labor itself can determine what it stands for. If the trade unions win out, then industrial peace is possible. If they do not win out, then anything may happen. The main difficulties in England have been brought about by the employer refusing to face facts until he was opposed by a great movement—a movement which is an effect and not a cause. And that is the lesson which British industrial policies hold for America.”
Sir Robert Hadfield explains why the British are not getting back their market s because the “manufac-
turers’ hands are tied because a very great proportion of his time is occupied with the settling of labor troubles.”
The British situation, according to William Allen White, editor of the Kansas City Star, who has been reporting the Peace Conference, is likely to lead to a bloodless uprising in England and that sooner or later England would be flourishing under Soviet government. “It will be a bloodless and orderly procedure,” he said, “with King George as a sort of royal Soviet ruler. The King is playing with the radicals of England in about the same fashion as if Mr. Wilson were ‘kowtowing’ to the Debs element in this country. The British soldiers fought for democracy and are insistent that they have democracy in England. Higher wages in England will be the first fruit of this bloodless revolt, and the signs apparent just now are plentiful.”
The labor troubles that have been going on and are constantly breaking out across Canada are well known. In the United States they are becoming so bad that one State after another has been deeply stirred up. And an attempt was made to break up the greatest labor organization with its three million members, to be followed by nation-wide impossible labor demands. Cables tell us of great strikes in France, Italy and the Australias.
Investigations conducted in Germany by British business men and financiers show that there are no serious wage or other labor troubles there; that the few agitators are dealt with promptly, generally shot; that employers and employees are working loyally together, as partners; that they are quickly reorganizing their industries; and that their production costs will be so low that they will soon get back many of their old markets, where in many lines they can undersell Britain, United States and Canada.
Thus we have a peaceful, aggressive Germany, but in all the allied countries simultaneous labor troubles. All are conducted on exactly the same lines as those leading to a Soviet Russia—the lines Trotzky learned in America. All are aiming to establish a Soviet in unison with Russia. In Russia 270 out of the 282 controlling that country are German.
Can there be but one explanation? Germany wants to keep us occupied with our own troubles and out of Russia, while she gets back her markets and retains her hold on Russia If she succeeds she wins the war.
German Propaganda in Canada
But let us see what evidence there is of German influence. In Canada we had our Investigating Committee, but only the surface was touched and the real facts underlying all the troubles were not uncovered because of disorganization in the Department of Justice and the lack of investigators. It was a freefor-all show. No effort was made by the committee to prepare and present evidence. It was a complaint bureau, not an Investigating Committee.
In New York State, however, they have gone about it in the right way. A Committee of the Legislature was appointed under Senator Lusk.
They had the sympathy and support of the great majority of Trade Union leaders. The Senator at once selected a corps of able investigators— men who had been trained in the Military, Justice, and Naval Departments. They began to delve under the surface. They got at the cause —German propaganda. The little they have let out has alarmed the nation. It has now got beyond a question of labor troubles, and one State after another has appointed Legislative Committees to investigate these wide-spread Bolshe-vik activities. Apparently, investigations are to become nationwide. Everywhere these investigations are leading to Canada. They show that the Bolsheviks regard Canada as the most promising of all their fields, with Australia next.
They show that the movement is backed by Germany. Back of it all is one of the brainiest Germans on the continent—the unofficial representative of Germany in America—a man who at one time had $40,000,000 of German money at his disposal. Under him a figurehead, Ludwig A.
K. Martens. One day last year, Martens announced that he had been appointed Soviet Ambassador to the U. S. But Washington refused to recognize him officially. Washington, it appears, knew that Trotzky had selected a very clever German who went under the name of Sauteri Nuorteva. As his own record was not good and for other reasons, he suggested Martens, who had been posing as a Russian. But in 1914, he had registered as a German in England and in the United States. As late as 1916 he had sworn that he was German. The State Department bided its time. Martens’ place was raided by, and he was summoned be-
fore the Lusk Committee. He protested his Russian citizenship when the above facts were flashed at him. He and his large staff occupied two floors in a large office building. They were all very busy for months. He said they were engaged in making large purchases for Russia; that they had $200,000,000 cash to spend. They spread this in Canada. Cornered, he had to admit that they had not bought one dollar’s worth of goods, and finally it was shown that they were engaged in the most wide-spread, most nefarious propaganda that ever happened in the history of the United States and Canada. The king-pin of the organization was Nuorteva. Nominally a minor employee in the Soviet Bureau, he was really the clearing house for all the Bolshevik activities on the continent, including South America—the man who exerted such power at Ottawa, where he frequently went. The Bureau directed the I. W. W. and various subsidiaries, among which were all those banned from Canada; the Rand School occupying every floor of a big office building from which emanated, or were directed, publications totalling 750,000 daily circulation. From this centre too, went out a large staff of lecturers. One letter intercepted showed a Church of England Bishop wanted to deliver a series of lectures for the “Reds” in New York.
The Revolutionists are divided into three groups. The first is a small minority who would resort to any extreme to carry out their programme of revolution. The second is made up of loose-mouthed, mentally unbalanced political reformers. The third consists of a depraved few drawn together by talk of free love, nationalization of women and that sort of thing. The Lusk Committee intend to put each of them on the stand and give them an opportunity to explain.
Papers seized in the New York raids show that they had an extensive mailing list of persons to whom literature was regularly sent, advocating directly or indirectly revolution in Canada and the United States. These comprised Anarchists, Socialists, I. W. W., and other well-known fomentors of discords. Among the names on that list is a well-known Canadian labor leader, a man who is largely responsible for the troubles at present in the Maritime Provinces. He has been more or less ostracized by reputable labor leaders. One of them tells me they have the evidence that he is in constant communication with the Soviet, leaders of the I. W. W. and left wing of the Socialist party in New York. -He further tells me the papers show not only this but a direct line of relationship between Canadian agitators and the revolutionary leaders in New York, and practically every move that has been made in Canada in the past year has been the result of conferences held and lines of action decided up;n by the recognized radical leaders in the Union Square district.
Some other items selected at random from the papers read and translated by Senator Lusk’s committee are :—
Prof. Scott Nearing, who was expelled from Pennsylvania University because he was endeavoring io prevent Americans from enlisting, is being paid a large salary to lecture and write for this Rand School. Prof. Nearing’s main activities have been in the direction of arming the mob and taking away all arms from owners of property, including Trades Unionists who have worked hard, saved a little money and bought their own homes. With the members of the Soviet armed and all the other Unionists, employers and the public generally unarmed, Prof. Nearing points out it will be quite easy to seize the Government.
German Agents in Our Regimenta
Another of the lecturers paid by the Rand School is J. E. Coldwell, convicted under the U. S. espionage law. In fact the society that owns the school has been convicted of sending men to enlist in U. S. regiments for the purpose of creating insubordination and mutiny. How far were our troubles in England inspired by the same source. In both Canada and the U. S. it was the Military Intelligence Departments who first uncovered German propaganda, but our Department of Justice and the public generally treated their reports as the wildest fiction and no systematic action was taken. Now it is definitely known that at least one German accompanied every Corps leaving Canada. They were thoroughly organized, there being the chief agent with each division, one captain for each brigade to which the regimental spies reported and from whom they took orders. A number of them were caught and executed. But, it was not until the end was approaching that we in this country realized how thoroughly the German propaganda had been organized. The agents had two duties, to pass on reports and spread discontent leading to Bolshevism. Exactly the same thing happened in the U. S. Overseas Forces, and a number of officers and men werq caught and sentenced.
They hope for as little bloodshed as possible, but the organ of the i. W W. and One Big Union quotes as follows: “The United States is in the grip of a bloody revolution! Thousands of workers are slaughtered by machine guns in New York City! Washington is on fire! Industry is at a standstill and thousands of workers are starving. The Government is using the most brutal and repressive measures to put down the revolution. The above is what we may expect to see on the front pages of what few newspapers survive the upheaval.”
The Í • cialists who want reform by evolution and not by blood' rovo ion say that the Soviet and I. W. W. have list ■ of men and women to be hanged, which includo rm:t:y labor leaders as well as so-balled employers C .cr captured documents show 52 I. W. W. publications, a number of them being under cover, with an aggregate daily circulation of 750,000. They also tend to show that the I. W. W. control a majority of the members in 100 trade unions and that when they are ready to strike, they can tie up the industries of the country if they all hang together. The method used was to get one I. W. W. in each trade union and for that one member to give all his spare time to his one factory in regard to the I. W. W. propaganda.
Also one or more reporters on each newspaper and at all possible centres of news disseminating bureaus.
Nuorteva says those who oppose the Soviet are ;■ in the pay of the English Imperialists and this story is being assiduously spread in the U. S.
‘ Senator Lusk, chairman of the Committee investigating the activities and under whose direction the raids were made, sizes up the situation as follows:—
“There is a big radical element on every hand. To go at the matter intelligently we must separate this radical element into its proper classifications. Worst of all is the wilful and deliberate or insane extremist who believes in the bomb and other forms of wanton destruction. Along with him is the man who would set aside all of the laws and beliefs that have been handed down to us since the days of Washington and overthrow our Government by violence and revolution There is only one way to deal with this radical element. Whatever force is necessary on the part of the Government must be used to protect our institutions and the persons and property of our citizens from violence.
“The best of the radical element is comprised of men who feel that there are many existing wrongs in our country and who brood over what they consider to be these wrongs and who want to see,them remedied. This appears to be a growing class. These are the men to whom we should give consideration and attention.
Continued on page 48
Planning Soviet Rule in Canada
Continued from page 34
“There seems to be a pretty general belief among even the most moderate radicals, with which I perso^ly agree, that there is not a decent division of the dollar; that labor is not getting a fair division of the profits earned by the combination of capital and labor If there is not a decent division of the dollar the condition must not be mitted to continue, breeding unrest an
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have in them the greatest possibilities of any nation.
“Some of the laboring men tell me that they now realize the fallacy of the ordinary wage-increasing programme, which is almost immediately met by an increased cost of living, which in many cases more than offsets the increased wages.
“The large bodies of radicals, so far as I have been able to learn, have no
objection to .the rich man having a great deal out of life. They do not object -to his having a fine estate or a yacht or his motor cars. But they think that some course should and can be found so that the rich man can get all of the necessary pleasures out of life and a great many of the luxuries and still leave a much fairer share for the poor man.
“The radical who does not want to play fair and the capitalist who does not want to play fair must both feel the hand of the law.”
The Strike Situation
THE Minister of Labor says we have lost so far $100,000,000 because of strikes. The ultimate losses to Canada will far exceed that huge sum. He could have added that thousands among whom this money was to be distributed may be living on borrowed money or charity this winter, that some of the strikes were prepared with German money by German agents, directed from New York, that one of the most prominent labor leaders in Canada receives his instructions from and reports regularly to this headquarters which is not a hundred miles from Union Square, that part of these instructions were to start trouble, but avoid settlements, to keep the workers discontented and unemployed, to make demands impossible to meet; that monies for the Winnipeg strike were carried there regularly by German agents sent from New York. The actual U.S. bills were captured. It is known that one agent, a clever, welleducated woman received $350,000 from two other women whose German connections are beyond doubt. The names of all three are well known.
Senator Robertson is and has been for many years an aggressive leader■in the Telegraphers’ Union. He is big mentally as well as physically and, mixing much with all classes, has mcreas^i his general knowledge of men and affairs. He is no demagogue, but rather cautious. When he says the workers of Canada lost a hundred million through unwise strikes inspired by German agents he compels serious thought. He does not blame the workmen. The best of us are constantly misled by plausible demagogues. He wants them now to understand. He knows that labor is being used by a lot of “intellectuals who are not union men at all. They are making labor the “goat.” When they do understand they will want some explanation from the Ministry of Justice. Some are beginning to talk that way now. It is getting out that the Department has the names and history of the men and women who have been goldbricking the unions. The Ministry was warned nearly a year ago. About thirty names were listed. Among them were Ivens and others who have since come into the open as trouble starters. If Orders-in-Council had not been cancelled on the personal representations of Nuorteva, if these men had been arrested, or if the men found guilty had not been promptly released by the Ministry of Justice, the workers and the people of Canada would probably have had $100,000,000 more money on hand to carry them through this winter.
How do we know that the arrests and counter propaganda would probably have stopped the trouble? Experience. In some places in Canada and the U.S. they have had little trouble. The chief weapon has been counter propaganda which brought out the true facts, and exposed the misrepresentations of the German agents. In Winnipeg the strikes stopped when the promoters were arrested. In Toronto the great strike arranged for May 1 went flat because the day before the German who was directing it and his two chief accomplices were arrested. His numerous agents and the dupes assembled for action, but with leadership gone, they dispersed quietly. A few weeks later a big general strike was planned. Employers and the Government, anxious to get back quickly to normal production met every reasonable demand, giving the workers more than they expected, but a settlement was the last thing the promoters wanted, and every proposal was side-stepped. This time they gathered in thirteen of Trotzky’s agents and a lot of correspondence as they were sit-
ting in secret conclave arranging details for the coming strike. There were no Canadians among them. A number were aliens. A panic spread among their agents, and again the leaderless, misled thousands on strike or awaiting the order quickly melted away, back to work or to seek the quickest and best compromise employers would make. The more prominent of the thirteen were given penitentiary sentences and others lesser terms, and for the first time the Ministry of Justice has not promptly pardoned them. There are German agents or dupes or converts in nearly all unions and the propaganda is being vigorously pushed. They have not yet uncovered the men higher up in Canada. After all we must recognize that it will pay Germany to spend millions to weaken Canada and the United States by seriously limiting the quantity and increasing the cost of production. They are extraordinarily cocky. They expect to have their old markets back in three years and to be stronger than ever in ten, in both commercial and military sense. They are now trying to create discord between Britain and U.S.— They are forming a new alliance with Russia which means eventual control of that country. They are working on Japan. Their friends have already a big say in Palestine. In ten years they will wipe out Poland. “God help Poland then,” is the way one of their agents puts it.
THE authorities are discussing an interesting phenomena, brought to their attention by the capture of April 30. This man who had planned the May 1 outbreak had a marvellous power over his audiences. His plausible • theories for the seizure of all property and the nationalizing of women brought him scores of converts, who became his secret agents to work upon unsuspecting men in the various unions. When brought to police headquarters it was found he was suffering from a disease that leads to insanity. Further investigation showed that a number of men of this demagogue type are in the same condition. Because of this he was ordered deported and he went direct to the Soviet Bureau in New York. J. Murray Clark, K.C., who has just read an interesting paper before the Ontario Historical Society on the craze for a form of municipal trading that swept the province and bankrupted many places, points out that it was the work of the demagogues of the 1840 and 1850 ; and he tells of a man of this type who ran for mayor of Toronto. Medical experts said he was insane but he was elected by a big majority and by foolish schemes added enormously to the city debt. But within the time specified by medical men who observed him, he was taken to an insane asylum and died. An M.P. and medical officers have been making investigations which may lead to examination of all these agitators who are urging Canada to join the Soviet System fastened on Russia by the German Agents. The British Government white paper recently issued on Russia is considered by the authorities as rather suggestive. It shows that day after day in the Petrograd newspaper issued under Trotzky direction about twothirds of the advertisements are cures for this insanity provoking disease.
Maligning the Church
A COMMON explanation of the neglect of the Justice Department is the Minister is a Roman Catholic— the only representative of that church in the Cabinet. A friend brought a stranger from over the border who spent part of one afternoon attempting to prove to me that this church wa3 back of the Bolshevik movement. Also he saw others in Ottawa and Toronto impressing the same thought. I did not believe it but started an investigation on my own account. I found unmistakable evidences to the contrary. The greatest obstacle to Bolshevist propaganda to-day is the Roman Catholic Church. It has been the big factor in the New York State situation and in keeping Canada safe so far. Instead, the trouble in the Department seems to be due to an entire misunderstanding
of the propaganda, and a disposition on the part of the Minister and his subordinate, to trust the statements of the German emissaries, cleverly disguised.
What of Future Conditions?
WHAT is the present situation in Canada? All this year there has been plenty of work for all at high and increasing wages. This was generally expected and . employers made thenpreparations for it. While there was much uncertainty as to whether history would repeat itself, conditions have run true to after war experience. Therefore we should have perhaps another year or two of boom times with high wages and money plentiful if we produce, although unskilled labor is running short. When the boom subsides, look out. No one knows what will happen. Canada should come through better than any other country. We have the resources and a strong people to handle them, but we need to prepare for bad times, lower wages and much unemployment, that are sure to come, by earning and saving now and finding the big leaders who will carrv us over this trying period.
What have we done so far? Here is a typical experience. It is that of a large machinery concern. The President was one of the group of Americans who had established big plants in Canada and who proved most helpful to us in supplying high grade munitions in large
quantities. Speaking to one of our editors the other day, he said that when the war ended they ordered over $200,000 w-orth of machinery for the production of labor-saving farm implements, heretofore largely imported. Just as they were about to start production to fill large orders that nad been booked in advance from Canadian farmers, about five hundred of their men went on strike. All efforts to conciliate them or to co-operate with them, to meet them on any reasonable terms, were offensively cast aside. The season is now practically over and this concern will not require their machinery until early next spring. The managementis now debating whether their best policy will not be to close the works until the spring of 1920. Any investigation among these men on strike showed that in nearly every instance they had been satisfied with conditions and wages. They had been earning big monev fer a long time, far more money than the majority of Trade Unionists had been getting. They frankly admitted this. They would have been perfectly content to go on. They did not want to press their demands and certainly did not anticipate going out on strike or being out as long as they have. They are now spending their savings and worrying about the futur«', about the money to buy food and coal this winter. They would like to go back but the leaders will not let them and they have not the courage to
stand up against them, for which they cannot be blamed. This case is typical of scores of others everywhere in Canada. Thousands of good men are on strike against their better judgment and wishes. You can verify this by having a confidential chat with almost any of them anywhere in Canada. Who got them out? What is keeping them out? Labor leaders, who know, say it is not their nominal leaders and that the Department of Justice or an expert investigation among German propagandists will show who .
The Remedy ? Counter-Propaganda
Is the situation serious? Let me quote what one man who has got on the inside and knows, says—and he is not an employer, but depends upon his daily earnings—“If I could be sure that on my death, half of my savings would go to my wife and children, I would give up the other half to-day.”
It is worse in Canada than in the States. Despite tremendous efforts the Germans have not yet got control of any important U.S. labor organization, but they have captured Vancouver, Winnipeg, Toronto and other central bodies; and more are on the way.
The remedy is for Hon. Mr. Doherty, the Minister of Justice, to at once detail some capable trusted agent—Sir Percy Sherwood, if be can be induced to come back temporarily—to investigate. His report will more than confirm what is published here and what other departments can tell him. His course will
then be clear. I am sure he will grant no more pardons and he will spare no cost on a thorough country-wide investigation in conjunction with the Militia and Naval officials and submit the evidence to a Commissioner at Ottawa, that the country may know the real facts. This to be followed by the punishment to the limitof all the guilty. At the same time a capable director of propaganda should be called in—a man with experience like Major-General A. D. MacRae or Brigadier-General C. H. Mitchell—to conduct a counter propaganda that the sturdy English and the Scotch emigrants here may no longer be led astray. Have you noticed how few Irish-Catholic or Orange are giving trouble? We don’t w'ant to deport anyone who can be induced to become a good Canadian. We need them and honest propaganda will bring nearly all of them back to sound understanding— even the average alien. Mr. Varley, returned soldier and labor organizer, has been bringing this phase very successfully to the attention of the Unionists. They should recognize that the war that is on now is not between the Teutons and the Allies—not a racial war—but between the persons who live in Canada, Teutons as well as Saxons, and the persons who reside in Germany. It is a war for trade, for money, and it is the hired agents of the latter who are creating our trouble. When our people understand this there will be fewer labor troubles. There will be a getting together of our employers and employees.