Springs to Spreads . . . and so to Beds

The ultimate in sleeping comfort is the cheapest in the end—good beds and mattresses last almost indefinitely

F. L. DEN. SCOTT May 1 1932

Springs to Spreads . . . and so to Beds

The ultimate in sleeping comfort is the cheapest in the end—good beds and mattresses last almost indefinitely

F. L. DEN. SCOTT May 1 1932

Springs to Spreads ...and so to Beds


The ultimate in sleeping comfort is the cheapest in the end—good beds and mattresses last almost indefinitely


FROM our remote ancestors’ first nightly resting places of boughs and twigs to commodious couches fitted with resilient springs, and smooth, soft mattresses and coverings of light, warm, fleecy wool, is a long, long

step. Such comfort for sleeping as we take for granted today was beyond the reach of sovereign princes in any previous era.

The elaborate care taken in making springs and mattresses is almost beyond belief. The wood for the frame of the spring must be seasoned and braced with finely tempered steel. The box spring must be filled with coils of even more finely tempered wire, then tied by hand with flax twine. Over the coils are placed layers of selected cotton, made into felt, and the whole thing is encased in fine damask.

The spring is by far the most important part of a bed, for it determines comfort in sleeping. To a lesser degree, the appearance of a bed during the day depends upon the type and quality of spring. No bed can be comfortable with sagging springs. No amount of money spent on other appurtenances of bed making can compensate for springs that have become lopsided.

The ultimate in springs is the box spring; in fact, it might be called the king of springs. It is the most comfortable that can be bought and is an excellent investment, for the best materials and much time and labor have been put into it. A good box spring lasts a lifetime. •

One feature of the box spring is adjustability to persons of varying weight. There are three standard types, for slender, medium or heavy individuals. More spirals are added to accommodate increased weight.

Next to the box spring in point of comfort—and expense is the spiral spring, which is made of a series of spirals attached to a frame. These spirals are not covered, as the coils in a box spring are. The one advantage which the spiral spring has over the box spring lies in the fact that when a single spiral is injured or worn it can be removed and replaced with less difficulty. However, most box springs are guaranteed for a great many years and seldom require such service.

There is a woven wire spring which is less expensive than the spiral. This does not support the body so well and does not last nearly so long.

Another type of wire spring is reinforced with small iron bars under the wire mesh. These should have a tumed-up edge to keep the mattress in place.

One source of irritation in an otherwise comfortable bed is a series of squeaks. Squeaks can and should be eliminated. They usually result from badly fitting springs or from the joints of a wooden bedstead.

Bedsteads of modem manufacture are usually free from objectionable characteristics of this kind. The wood is well seasoned and the joints are properly fitted together. In older beds the difficulty can be overcome by tightening the whole structure or removing loose bolts. Often the squeak which results from two pieces of the frame fitting badly can be removed by rubbing both the pieces with beeswax or by filling up tiny cracks with glue.

All metal beds should be welded, seamless and smooth. The joints should be as solid as rock. See that the side rails fit snugly and rigidly into the end lugs, and that the lugs are secure on the post.

The metal bed has become deservedly popular. It never splits or warps; it stands moving extremely well. Metal beds have been known to withstand the onslaughts of fire

and the equally disastrous hose of the firemen.

One type of metal bed which has lost its popularity is the once admired brass bed. They can be made to fit into the decorative scheme by one of two methods of treatment; by refinishing or by slip-covering.

In refinishing a brass bed, wash the bed thoroughly with a solution of sal soda. After it has been rinsed and dried, apply any desired color of paint.

Slip covers of bright cotton transform any unsightly bed into an attractive piece of furniture. Cover the head and the foot, then attach pieces for the sides, and finish with a gathered ruffle or a box-pleated flounce. The spread should be of the same or a harmonizing material.


YEARS ago the hair mattress was considered the only kind suitable for an “up to date establishment,” but today cotton and felt mattresses are quite popular. The most luxurious mattress is, beyond all doubt, the coil spring mattress with finest quality hair above and beneath the coils.

This mattress is like a sandwich. The coils of wire, similar to those in a box spring, each in its individual cloth pocket.

are covered, top and bottom, with hair. There is ventilation on all sides to keep the mattress sweet and fresh. This mattress is resilient, curving to follow the lines of the body and to give the maximum in relaxed, restful slumber.

Many kinds of hair are used in mattresses. The smaller and tighter the curls, the better quality the hair. Horsehair is generally considered the best. Hair mattresses last for years, one might say for generations. The only care that they require is turning over and an occasional sun bath, with a new ticking perhaps every ten years.

Cotton and wool felt mattresses give g<xxi service and are comfortable. The best ones are carefully built, layer upon layer, and are smooth and resilient.

An excellent cotton mattress is the cotton inner-construction mattress. It has springs of gfxxi construction but not in separate compartments.

Monoftrammed Sheets

PILLOWS are popularly of feathers, down, silk floss, or hair.

The array of bed linens is bewildering. Much of it is not linen at all, but cotton, silk or rayon, or wool. Cotton sheets are used quite widely today, both in white and colors. Pillow cases, of course, match the sheet. Spreads may be of the same material as the draperies; or they may be of any material which strikes the fancy

' Organdie, one of the most perishable fabrics known, is being used for very charming spreads.

In the bedroom shown here, designed for a young girl, the bedspread isr made of chintz and organdie. The top of the bed is covered with the chintz, a floral pattern in i rose on a background of white, w hile the I sides are covered with three scallops of material; the top scallop of chintz, the two lower ones of rose-colored organdie. The edges of the chintz are hound with cord, while the organdie is picoted. The window curtains are of ruffled organdie of the same enchanting rose color.

i The unbleached muslin spread embroidered in large flowers is very popular. In period bedrooms the spread is often seen in cross-stitch. Candlewick is another popular version of the cotton spread.

For formal bedrooms, taffeta and various silks of this type are unrivalled. Rayon and artificial silk weaves are appropriate in such settings, but are too rich for the average ; small, informal bedroom.

The monogram is causing a good bit of interest this year. Either the initial of the surname or the initials of the chatelaine of

the house may be used. Sheets are marked i a short distance up from the hem at the centre of the upper end in such a position that the base of the monogram is on a line with the hem, and faces the foot of the bed when the top of the sheet is folded down over the top of the blanket. Only the upper sheet is marked.

Pillow cases are monogrammed at the centre of the open end jyst inside the hem.

Lamb's wool blankets are delightfully fleecy, light in weight and warm. They are j excellent for summer when an occasional cool night demands more than cotton coverings.

The monogram on the blanket may be either the color of the satin binding or the lighter tone of the blanket. Two types of stitch are used in embroidering this monogram—either the conventional raised satinstitch, or a raised knot-stitch done by machine with a mercerized thread. Either is correct.

The nine-inch monogram is suitable for blankets. Sheet monograms vary from 2 Lá to 3 Lá inches in height, and the monogram or initial on the pillow case is one inch smaller.