The manner in which curtains and draperies are hung is quite as important as their color and texture
F. L. DEN. SCOTT
ONE of the best ways of introducing color and variety into a room is by way of the window. Windows are more flexible and more versatile than floors or walls or pieces of furniture. Windows can easily be changed with the seasons, so far as the interior of the house is concerned, with a small outlay of time and money.
For the first time in many seasons, the manner in which curtains and draperies arc made and hung is more important than color and texture. And to get the proper “hang” of curtains there must be the proper hardware. Often the hardware will suggest novelty in making the curtains. Before deciding on the type and style of new window treatments, it is a very good plan to spend some time in the hardware department where window gadgets are sold.
In planning new curtains, study the windows carefully. Are they too large, too high or too shallow? Do they face a lovely garden or an objectionable city wall? Are the furnishings of the room plain and monotonous, or are they too gaily patterned? How does your house look outside?
In general, it is desirable to have all the windows fronting on the street glass-curtained alike. Your overdraperies may be as varied as you choose, but a certain degree of uniformity should prevail in the curtains which affect the exterior. All the curtains need not be exactly alike, of one material, but they should be of the same general tone.
Inside the room, the draperies are of first importance. Dark tones at the window tend to decrease the size of room, while light ones such as grey, blue and the lighter shades of green, add to the feeling of space. The warm colors such as
orange, yellow, coral and apricot, for example, bring light and cheer.
There are styles in curtains as there are styles in clothes. A few years ago no curtain was draped.
The straight line was typical of the prevailing motif of window dressing. Today we have revived the graceful fashion of looping up the draperies in rooms which have a period feeling. Naturally the character of the room will determine the style of window treatment.
Curtain Rods Are Uncovered
IT IS very easy to find the proper equipment for practically every type of window. Arched tops are not, as generally supposed, hard to provide for. Rods are bent especially for such windows if dimensions are given. Thus the window does not lose its graceful curve when the curtains are put up.
Wrought-iron rods are beautiful on certain types of windows and in the right interiors. These are made to order usually, various motifs being worked out to harmonize with the prevailing scheme of decoration. They consort extremely well with rough-plastered nx>ms, in houses of Spanish style, or with the sturdier types of English furniture, the Elizabethan or Jacobean.
Painted cornice boards are charming and are suitable in almost any room, jxrkxi or rmxlem. They may be as simple or as ornate as fancy dictates. If the cornice is elevated a little above the window the apparent height of the window is increased. This is an excellent treatment for nx>ms where the ceilings are very high.
Valances are not so popular as formerly. Curtain rxls have become so much more decorative that people are leaving them uncovered. The valance has its place, however, and some windows look unfinished without the valance. In a bay or group of windows, for instance, the valance unifies the window scheme and gives it a more finished appearance.
Part of the success of an attractive window is due to the hanging of the curtains. To ensure a well-tailored look it is advisable to put in French pleats. Professionals always do this. There are three pleats and then a space alternately
across the width of the curtain.
Each group of pleats is fastened to
a ring which slips over t íe rod. If you want the curtains to stand up smartly, use French heading htx>ks. These have pieces of metal attached to the hook and hold the material up.
Another gadget which adds immensely to the success of curtains is weights. These come in all kinds from very light ones which are imperceptible in glass curtains to heavy metal ones which are used for very heavy draperies.
A popular style in glass curtains this vear is the wide ruffle, five to nine inches. The ruffle is put o to a three-inch hem which runs down sides and across the fx tom. Embroidered net, appliquéd net and all sheer maten !s are used for glass curtains. Tarlatan, embroidered in bright wools with a double or triple hem outlined in long stitches, is the newest glass curtain material. It is an inexpensive fa Prie; a fact, that recommends it for summer cottar’s or temporary quarters. |r
There are new waterproof fabrics. Lightweight taffeta, rayon and organdie are all impervious to moisture in their new waterproof state.
Simple net or chintz may rely on their finish for a distinctive note. There are pleated chintz edgings ready to sew on; silk or cotton ball fringes in two or more colors. Fringes of all kinds —wool. silk, rayon, cotton and mixtures
are being widely used. Gordings are good, for the first time in years, either small and close together or wide and far apart.
All drajxries should be lined. Plain semiglazed chintz is the leading fabric for linings of all types. 1 he dust can be shaken out or, if the lining becomes badly soiled, it can be cleaned with a cloth wrung out of cold water.
Fabrics which are used this year include cretonne, chintz
and shadow doth, linen, striped, figured or plain; percale, cambric, gingham, chambray,
! organdie, poplin, denim, rep, celanese, net,
! marquisette, voile, tarlatan, rayon mixtures, j damask and satin, taffeta, faille and thin silks, cotton velours, oilcloth.
Oilcloth makes very attractive and dur| able curtains. Floral or figured patterns or 1 solid colors may be chosen. Bind the sides and bottom with bias tape.
Shades Are Important
THE important consideration about this year’s window treatments is that the ! simpler they are, the better. Curtains need j not be freakish to be effective.
If the window is to have a piece of furni1 ture in front, have the glass curtains to the I sill, draperies to the floor. This frames the furniture and makes a charming picture.
J Radiators may be treated the same way.
! Most people convert the radiator into a ! shelf by putting a top over it, upon which Í they place flowers, books, ash trays and I such miscellany. With a grille in front of the radiator, such a window becomes a I decorative feature.
Since windows can be dressed so as to bring a feeling of novelty and freshness into rooms with which we are all too familiar, Why not try a complete change? Follow the all-white vogue for summer and drape your windows with white cotton. The result is astonishingly cool and restful. If a touch of color is desired, finish the sides and
bottom with a colored fringe, green, sapphire or scarlet.
Shades are important features of the window treatment. The hand painted, book muslin shade is attractive. These shades are translucent and shut out unpleasant views, but do not obscure the light.
Floral or patterned shades should be used with plain draperies. Nothing is more distracting than fancy shades combined with brightly colored, gaily patterned draperies. Pastel shades are being more widely used today than formerly. The popular tints are leaf green, azure, coral and wisteria. These colors may be chosen for the interior while the reverse side is a plain cream color to face the street.
Cotton muslin is the base for nearly all shade cloths. The more loosely woven types are used for the less expensive shades. The muslin is bleached, mangled and calendered. Porous cloths are filled with starch and minerals to give them body. In hólland shades this filling is colored and so gives the desired color to the shade.
Shades with little filling wear better, since they may be washed whenever desired. In the best shades, the cloth has no filling whatever. After being bleached and calendered the cloth is glued on wooden frames, sized with glue and starched. When the starch has dried, the color is applied with large hand brushes. The color has a base of linseed oil which is a well known preservative.
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