THIS IS the third of a series of Canadian quizzes designed to test your knowledge of the country you live in. A correct answer entitles you to score five. A total score of 60 brackets you as well-informed. At 80 you re exceptional; and if you’re between 80 and 100 you’re out of this world. Answers on page 44.
1. Give the name of a well-known Mohawk Indian Chief who led many of his people from the U. S. A. and founded an industrial city.
2. What Canadian, born near Hanover, Ont., became the world’s heavyweight champion boxer?
3. Standard time was suggested by which of these (a) Alexander G. Bell; (b) Sir Sandford Fleming; (c) Lord Strathcona?
4. The Canadian-U. S. A. boundary was left unfortified because of the terms of: A Gentleman’s Agreement, the Rush-Bagot Treaty, the Treaty of Washington. Which?
5. We have many cenotaphs in Canada. A cenotaph is: A memorial; a tribute to heroes; an empty tomb. Which?
6. The number of prisoners sent to jails each year in Canada is 40,000;
F. W. RAYFIELD
60,000; 80,000. Which is most nearly correct?
7. Its botanical name is avena sativa. Dr. Samuel Johnson said of it, “The English feed it to horses but the Scottish people eat it.” This plant is grown on farms in all our provinces. Name it.
8. “The Trail of ’98” and “Rhymes of a Red Cross Man” were written by Ralph Connor, Charles G. D. Roberts, Robert Service. Which?
9. In 1918 there were 114 divorces granted for all Canada. In 1942 the number was 1,089, 2,089, 3,089. Which is correct?
10. The number of Members of Parliament (House of Commons) for all Canada is now 245, 345 430. Which is the correct number?
11. From what poem, written by a Canadian, are these words taken: “Take up our quarrel with the £oe: To you from failing hands we throw the torch”?
12. Raymond Massey has played the role of what American president?
13. True or False? Benjamin Franklin was for a short time editor of a Halifax paper.
14. A sourdough is which: A fisherman; a lumberjack; a prospector?
15. General Wolfe and General Montcalm were both killed at Quebec. Which one, the victor or the vanquished, is buried there?
16. Captain Webb lost his life: (a) Exploring the Far North, (b) Attempting to scale one of the Rocky Mountains, (c) Trying to swim the Niagara Rapids. Which?
17. Jack Miner is remembered because of his interest in: Bird life, game fish, wild flowers. Which?
18. Who was Angus McAskill?
19. What Canadian was elected to the House of Commons and later was hangêd?
20. The name “Dominion of Canada”
was probably suggested by Hon. Leonard Tilley. He got the idea from: The Bible, Burns, Shake-
speare, Pilgrim’s Progress. Which?
Prince Albert box factory. The Board, created by the Act to administer its provisions, is empowered to issue orders carrying court authority. No appeal is provided.
Members of the Board include a farmer’s wife and a Regina housewife, representing the public; a Prince Albert retail merchant and a Regina construction company official, representing employers; and a packing house worker and a railway man, representing employees. Chairman of the Board is W. K. Bryden, youthful assistant to Labor Minister C. C. Williams.
Another important piece of legislation is the Crown Corporations Act. This gives the Government sweeping powers to take over through expropriation, and operate, tor the “public good,’’ any private company or branch of a National Corporation now doing business in Saskatchewan.
The Act provides that the Government must submit reports on the operations of its crown corporations to the legislative assembly when it is in session. But in the case of seizure of property by the Government there is no provision in the Act that the Cabinet must seek consent of the legislature before making the seizure.
Under another new law—the Natural Resources Act— Resources Minister J. L. Phelps is given power to construct and operate new industries or expropriate industries now in operation. Object in both cases would be greater development of the province’sresources.
At its first session the CCF Government brought forward an agricultural bill that aroused much debate and was tabbed unconstitutional by the quintuplet opposition. This was the Farm Security Act, which implemented pre-election pledges made to farmers. The Act provides that in a crop failure year the principal of a debt is reduced by an amount equivalent to the interest for that year, and a one-year postponement is given to interest payments. A mortgagee can foreclose only on land other than the quarter section on which the farm home stands.
In cases of crop seizure the farmer, under the Act, is permitted to retain enough of his crop to provide for legitimate cost, living expenses for himself and his family until the nextharvest, and costs of operating the farm during the same period.
A few months ago four Canadian corporations — Dominion Loan and Mortgage Association, CPR, CNR, and the Hudson’s Bay Company-—petitioned the Federal Government to disallow the Farm Security Act and three other pieces of CCF legislation in Saskatchewan: the Act to amend the Local Government Board (Special Powers) Act, the Mineral Taxation Act, and the Act to amend the Mineral Taxation Act. The Federal Government refused, and the legislation still stands.
The amendment to the Local Government Board Act gave to the Saskatchewan Local Government Board power to cut the principal of debentures; power to cut interest rates; power to rearrange payments, and power to cut tax levies. The Mineral Taxation Act provided for a tax of three cents an acre on mineral rights in ‘power’’ areas and a holding tax on areas where mineral development is under way.
Orthodox in Finance
In financial policies the Douglas Government has been orthodox, and Provincial Treasurer C. M. Fines has been building a reputation for financial propriety. A possible exception was the abortive seed-grain dispute with the Dominion Government. (Saskatche-
wan refused to pay its installment on a seed-grain debt contracted when Federal aid was necessary during crop failure years. Ottawa countered by withholding money due Saskatchewan on taxes taken over by the Federal Government during the war. Eventually Saskatchewan paid.
The CCF Government frankly admits it was fortunate in being elected at a period when agricultural prices were high. Revenues are large compared with the lean years when the Liberals were in power. The provincial debt has been reduced by $13 millions, the Government’s sinking fund substantially increased, and cash in the bank is considerably higher than in other years.
One of the announced aims of the CCF’s public ownership program is to provide funds for expanding social services. In one such field—health and social welfare — the Government’s actions have won praise from all Parties in the province.
Premier Douglas also is Health Minister. His experiences in the church in southern Saskatchewan had made him aware of a need for better rural medical services. Soon after he took office a Health Services Planning Commission was appointed to work out a health program for the province. The main problems were, and still are, shortage of trained personnel and scarcity of equipment and hospital facilities.
Only 26% of the students who leave Saskatchewan to complete medical training return to practice there. An additional 400 doctors and 500 dentists are needed in the province. A medical college will be established at the University of Saskatchewan to help overcome the doctor shortage, and municipalities are being subsidized by the Government to enable them to engage municipal doctors and make rural practice more attractive. Small hospitals are receiving Government grants for the first time.
Twenty-four thousand people benefited when the Government took a step toward state medicine by introducing at the first of 1945 a plan to provide free medical and surgical treatment, hospitalization, dental care and drugs to the aged, blind, and mothers and children dependent on the Government for support. Cost is estimated at $590,000 for 1945.
Before the former Liberal Government went out of office it had developed a plan for free diagnosis, X-ray treatment and hospitalization for cancer. The new regime implemented the plan and today in Saskatchewan any resident suffering from cancer may obtain free diagnosis and treatment, including surgery and hospitalization.
The Health Services Planning Commission is now struggling with the problem of introducing a regional health plan for the province in an effort to provide rural residents with health care on a level with that available in cities.
The plan calls for a co-operative pooling of municipal health and medical resources, and would divide the province into 14 regions—each of which could decide by plebiscite whether or not to enter the scheme. In elections last November in region No. 1, at Swift Current, and No. 3, in the Weyburn - Estevan district, voters plumped overwhelmingly in favor. Local representatives now are forming an administrative unit in each region, and the plan will begin operations early this year—placing main stre.ss at first on preventive medicine.
The basis of the health plan is cooperation, pooling of resources. That is a principle the CCF also would like
to carry on a large scale into farming. The Government has established a ! separate department to handle cooperative affairs, and envisages the j day when co-operative farms, with 100 families occuping 100,000 acres, may he in operation in the province. Two small co-operative farm projects are already functioning hut large cooperative farms so far exist only on paper or in the initial planning stage.
The Government also has established a committee to study the possibilities for establishing co-operative farm projects for returned veterans, and the Federal Government has been asked to allow veterans to invest Veterans’ Land Act grants in co-operative farms.
Main aim of such co-operative farming would he to industrialize agriculture. The long-range result seen by the CCF’ would he betterment of working and living conditions among farmers.
Many of the more militant members of the CCF are teachers. Disgusted with their low wages and poor working conditions in Saskatchewan during the depression, they supported the CCF in its fight for power. Woodrow Lloyd,
A president of the Saskatchewan Teachers’
Federation, was one of them. As Minister of Education he has helped plan a system—in which small school districts join to support one large school. So far 2,400 school districts have been absorbed into 29 of the larger units. The ultimate objective is 00 large units to replace 4,800 small ones.
There have been complaints that these larger units have caused increases in local tax rates. The Government has replied that only one unit shows an increased rate of more than two mills. Compensating for any increase in taxation are widened services offered through the larger schools.
The Government has also launched an adult education program, headed by Watson Thomson, former director of adult education at the University of Manitoba. Study-action leaders throughout rural Saskatchewan are organized to translate the needs and desires of local communities into study programs. Agencies of information such as radio, libraries, moving pictures and reading rooms are used.
Recently Mr. Thomson launched a weekly radio program to analyze each week’s news highlights. A group of “editors” go over the news as published in the daily newspapers and tell how they would have handled the news had they been in the editor’s chair. The “editors” are young men and women without newspaper experience. Thomson is “editor in chief.”
I n connection with the radio program the adult education division publishes, at public expense, a weekly sheet called The Front Page. These are typical streamers from recent issues: “Labor Fights Abuses,” “ManagementWarson Workers,” “Race Hatred Sweeps Dominion,” “Not Enough Jobs to go Round.” Lesser headings cry: “Victory Stock Slumps as Human Values Drop.” “Company Forces Strike on Ford Employees,” “Rightists Run Greece Without Mercy for EAM.” Critics of the Government charge that the adult education division is using public funds to circulate socialist propaganda.
The Front Page also is prescribed reading in the Party’s “education for Socialism” campaign in CCF discussion groups.
Questions on page 40
1. Joseph Brant led his people to Brantford, built a church and school. Brantford has since become a leading manufacturing city.
2. Noah Brusso (known as Tommy Burns) was champ 1906-08.
3. Standard time was suggested by Sir Sandford Fleming.
4. The Rush-Bagot Treaty, 1817.
5. An empty tomb.
6. About 80,000 prisoners are sent to Canadian jails each year.
8. Robert Service.
9. There were 3,089 divorces granted in Canada in 1942.
10. 245. After redistribution the number may be 228.
11. Those words are from Dr. John McCrae’s poem, “In Flanders Fields.”
12. Abraham Lincoln. *
13. False. He edited a paper in Montreal.
14. A prospector.
15. Montcalm is buried in a church in Quebec; Wolfe in Greenwich, England.
16. Trying to swim Niagara Rapids*
17. Bird life. Particularly waterfowl.
18. He was the giant of Cape Breton. Perhaps the strongest man of modern times, he shouldered an anchor weighing more than 2,000 lb.
19. Louis Riel.
20. The Bible. He shall have dominion also from sea to sea, and from the river unto the ends of the earth. Psalm 72, v. 8; also Zechariah 9, 10.
The story you want is part of the Maclean’s Archives. To access it, log in here or sign up for your free 30-day trial.
Experience anything and everything Maclean's has ever published — over 3,500 issues and 150,000 articles, images and advertisements — since 1905. Browse on your own, or explore our curated collections and timely recommendations.WATCH THIS VIDEO for highlights of everything the Maclean's Archives has to offer.