March 15 1958


March 15 1958



v0 "Organ” to play new lights on the Falls ^ The stars you’ll see when we get pay-TV

WHEN NEW COLORED LIGHTS begin playing on Niagara Falls June 20, it will be more than a figure of speech. The 20 powerful lights (each 97 million candlepower) will be electronically controlled, and an operator at a console-organ-type keyboard will change color patterns instantly with a few flicks of his fingers. With the present 30-year-old lights it takes 20 minutes to turn all 20 of them off and on again.

WHAT GOES ON IN SIBERIA is one of Russia’s best-kept secrets, but the Soviet has let the curtain up a shade to permit the showing of some fifty Arctic-art treasures in an exhibition that will appear in at least three Canadian museums — Vancouver, Winnipeg and Toronto — this summer. They include moose-bone statuettes contrived by Eskimos or their predecessors about 3000 BC, wrought-iron birds, a priest's drum and figures of household gods. The exhibition,

including a frightening assortment of masks (see drawing), contains centuries-old curios from all Arctic regions of the Northern Hemisphere.

WHEN OCR TOUGHEST CRITIC on education, Dr. Hilda Neatby (So Little for the Mind), becomes head of University of Saskatchewan's history staff July 1, few will expect a softer attitude in her higher post.

For those who do here are her latest: On more science in schools—

“We could do with better science, also better English.”

On compulsory physical education—“Students are capable of five hours in class. Time for exercise is outside school hours.”

On advancing students without final exams—“They need the self-discipline.” On most students entering university—“They’re not prepared.

ONE SNAG AFTER ANOTHER is stalling pay-TV in Canada. Although it was definitely “on” for April in Montreal it's now off again until the end of the year because of engineering problems. But Skiatron, which will pipe shows to Montreal viewers, is busy putting spectaculars on film anyway. They’ll include Marian Anderson, Jan Peerce, Artur Rubinstein, Maria Callas, Mantovani, the Bolshoi Ballet, ten Gilbert and Sullivan operettas by D’Oyly Carte Co. Only a weekly performance by the Metropolitan Opera and sports—including a vyeekly day at the races— will be live at first. You’ll pay $1 to see the races.

“THE NATION’S CONVENTION CAPITAL” is a title tossed around pretty loosely by several cities and resorts in Canada. It really belongs to Toronto, which seems certain to keep it again this year, according to this list of major conventions prepared by the CPR: Toronto 143, Montreal 75, Quebec City 37, Montebello 29, Ottawa 21, Winnipeg 17, Victoria 15, Edmonton 14, St. Andrews, N.B., 13 and Vancouver and Banff 1 I each. These are conventions whose delegates come from outside the cities. Toronto claims that last year 760,000 conventioners spent $65 million and Montreal says 100,000 delegates spent $20 million.



wholly new approach to the treatment of heart disease by I)r. Hans Selye, Montreal research scientist whose theories on stress as the root

of all human disorders attracted world attention. Dr. Selye has been able to create in research animals an acute

cardiac accident—the leading cause of death in heart disease—by treating them with certain hormones, then exposing them to sudden stress. A month ago he advanced an important step fur-

ther. By giving the animals magnesium or potassium salts he was able to protect them against cardiac death after they had received the lethal hormonesplus-stress treatment.

What this means is that the celebrated scientist has been able to combat in animals a condition that is similar to one of mankind’s first killers. “A man is shoveling snow in the morning,” Dr. Selye explained in an interview with Maclean’s. “He is unused to it, cold and angry. This is stress. At night he collapses and dies. This is caused by a coronary—coronary blood vessels bring blood to the heart; if they are affected by age sudden stress may bring insuffi-

cient blood to the heart and part of the muscle dies. This is necrosis.

“What we have found is that if you treat animals with certain hormones (cortisone derivatives), then expose them to stress, they will die of necrosis of the heart. Using animals properly conditioned we are able to show that certain salts influence their susceptibility to necrosis. Certain phosphates make them more susceptible; magnesium and potassium salts protect them.”

The next question, says Dr. Selye, is “Will it work on humans? It has already worked on monkeys. The experiments suggest that magnesium or potassium alone or in combination might avert a certain type of cardiac death."

How important is this discovery? Even such a painstaking scientist as Dr. Selye says, “Among my discoveries—in 30 years — this one is most likely to help the ailing.”

“My only doubt,” he adds, “is that things that work well in experiments do not always work out clinically.”

Much expensive research lies ahead —five years at the annual cost of at least $100,000, says Dr. Selye, who believes he’s on a winning track. “Up to now no one has either produced or prevented cardiac damage by such hormone-salt combinations.” — MARK GAYN


ready f°r tida| wave

WHEN B. C.’s infamous Ripple Rock blows up (on or about April 6) it’s expected to produce “man’s biggest nonnuclear explosion” and clear from turbulent Seymour Narrows a hazard that in 80 years has claimed 16 steamers, countless small craft and 114 lives.

More than that, according to engineers who have worked two years and spent $3 million preparing for it, the explosion will probably create a tidal wave eight feet high, will be heard in Vancouver, 100 miles away, and pulverize the twin peaks of the underwater mountain. Fragments will be thrown a mile high, others a mile and a half laterally. “If they go straight up and come straight down,” says engineer J. W. Stewart, “we might be back where we started.”

As if preparing for A-bomb attack, the RCMP will evacuate everyone within a three-mile radius and planes will be warned for the sky. In Campbell River, 15 miles away, residents will be told to open windows so shock waves don’t break the glass.

In its death throes the Rock may also tell scientists something new about the earth's core—do mountains thrust roots through the earth’s crust? Canadian scientists will take readings on the blast from five permanent and 16 portable stations in B. C. and Alberta — as far east as the Saskatchewan border. “It’s like having an earthquake take place under lab conditions,” says seismologist William Milne.

Bossing the blast is 70-year-old Col. Cy North, who helped tunnel Gibraltar defenses. His crews have drilled a 2,600foot shaft from shore under the Rock,

torn 300-foot shafts into the two peaks, and stuffed these with 30,000 twofoöt sticks of Nitramex 2H, a devastating substance expected to atone for two previous failures to blow up the Rock. — RAY GARDNER


More star ro,es and biS jobs for Canadians j They’re going right to the top


WITH BRITAIN’S commercial TV safely past its squawling beginnings, the surest thing ahead, say those who run it, is more Canadians, on and off screen. There are now about 150 Canadian writers, designers, admen, technicians, actors, producers and announcers in British TV. Canadian Roy Thomson owns a Scottish network. The invasion is far from over. Biggest recent catch for the U. K. will be CBC drama chief Sidney Newman, who next month becomes drama supervisor of ABC, one of six outfits producing shows for private TV.

Most Canadians intend to stay, al-

though for many the pay isn’t as handsome as back home. (Union minimums range from $1,700 for production assistants to $4,500 for designers and $9,000 for producers.) But there are other attractions.

Newman, who’ll make about the same as in CBC, wants to live in England, “be close to the continent and get familiar with another culture.” He turned down a highsalaried job with U. S. Showcase Pro-

ductions. Stuart Griffiths, former CBC program director, came for another reason. “At CBC he suddenly found he had more enemies than friends,” says an acquaintance. Now he’s a top executive at Granada, another showproducing firm whose boss, Sid Bernstein, says: “We like Canadians.”

Directors and actors say they can get to the top faster in England. CBC producer Silvio Narizzano became a top name overnight for directing Death of a Salesman amid raves from British critics. So did Ted Kotcheff, former CBC stagehand, after directing The Shining Hour and Five Dollar Bill.

Interviewer Elaine Grand was never

as popular in Canada as here where millions listen to her pry hot potatoes out of such controversial figures as Lord Altrincham, the royal family’s eager critic. And comedienne Libby Morris says she’s learned more in three years here than in a whole career in Canada. “At first I’d wow ’em in London but leave ’em dead in Manchester. Now I’m sure I could make Malenkov laugh in Siberia.”

Top variety show here is Chelsea at 9, produced for Granada by Peter McFarlane, with Stan Sellen as designer. They’re both fugitives from Canadian TV. But that’s nothing. So is 90 percent of Granada’s STAFF.-D. R. GORDON