What the Berlin crisis means/Why we spell It Khrushchov/Risks of transfusion
I want to thank you for your August 26 edition with the articles on the Berlin situation by Blair Fraser, Leslie F. Hannon and Ian Sclanders (The crisis that propaganda built). One of the frightening things about our present situation is the decline of the so-called radical press, when the ultra-conservative is becoming so increasingly vocal and menacing. Reason and sanity in political and social matters is becoming less and less vocal. In my time, it seems to me. the Church was never so voiceless and lacking in courage than at the present time.—o. A. MACT.HAN, GORDON UNITED CHURCH, WINNIPEG, MAN.
*" Your report on the Berlin crisis is one of the finest pieces of reporting on international affairs in a long time. It is heartening to know that at least one of the popular and widely read periodicals in Canada will attempt to give a clear, honest and objective report on such a controversial ISSUE.-REV. C. R. ELLIOTT, LANT7, N.S.
*" Congratulations. . . . If we become involved in an all-out nuclear war, the U. S. and the USSR w ill be so busy destroying themselves and all territories in between that Red China may emerge virtually unscathed. If this were to happen the present American-sponsored mythology of a communist take-over would become a grim REALITY.-GORDON JUDD, PRINCE RUPERT, B.C.
*■* It was a great relief to have someone speaking out so strongly on the utter madness of war over Berlin.—
FREDA F. WALDON, HAMILTON. ONT.
*■" The last word in Blair Fraser’s editorial effectively describes his views— “MADNESS."-M. it SMITH, VICTORIA.
*" Blair Fraser’s attempt to hold that German re-unification is responsible for the Berlin trouble is rather childish. His contention that a divided and unreconciled Germany is more dangerous to peace than a united one is very often quoted but nevertheless nonsense. The simple truth is that whoever controls all of the Germans controls Europe. . . . The Berlin problem is not a problem between East and West Germans. It is a world-wide conflict of two dynamic forces whose very exis-
tence depends on defending anything in the world that is theirs and trying to gain from each other anything of value. —KARL PETER, EDMONTON.
^ As you so rightly say, it is essential that we should distinguish between actions distasteful to us but not fundamentally unrighteous, and actions we must actively resist. In the nuclear age, the only tolerable way of coping with the latter is to arrange quietly in advance that they do not occur, an operation practically impossible in an atmosphere of hysterical RECRIMINATION.-B. G. WHITMORE, WINNIPEG.
^ I only hope and pray that your example will give courage to others to write or speak out against this pressure on us all to join the suicide club.—w. H.
NORRIS, PENTICTON, B.C.
No matter how you spell it...
My curiosity has been aroused by your way of spelling the Russian premier’s name. I would like to know' if there are two ways of spelling it. In every paper, magazine, etc., that 1 pick up, I
find it is spelled Khrushchev but in every issue of Maclean’s it is spelled KHRUSHCHOV.-JIM KILLEN, SAINT JOHN,
Mat lean’s began spelling the Russian premier's name Khrushchov more than a year ago, when the Russian Embassy in Ottawa announced that was the way that would most closely approximate the Russian pronunciation.
The odds on transfusion
While there is some risk associated with the transfusion of blood (Three blood
transfusions out of four are more likely to harm than heal, Aug. 26), the position has been grossly exaggerated by Dr. F. B. Bowman and Sidney Katz. Russian roulette carries a risk of one in six without possibility of benefit w'hile the mortality rate of transfusion is certainly no greater than one in 3.000. Perhaps this five-hundred-fold difference is a measure of the extent to which the hazards of transfusion are magnified and distorted in this regrettable ARTICLE.-DR. CECIL
HARRIS, MONTREAL, QUE.
^ There are no facts given in the article indicating that 75% of blood transfusions are harmful. Meanwhile, I would like to point out that blood transfusions are used more discriminately today than ever before due to the research and observation by the medical profession on the results of blood transfusion; that each blood donor is questioned regarding certain transmittable diseases before donating blood, and his blood is rejected if these diseases have been experienced; that every blood sample is tested for venereal diseases, and if the reaction is positive, this blood is discarded; that transfusions to women in the child-bearing age are given only under the strictest circumstances, doctors fully realizing the untoward conditions that can result; that the relationship between certain blood groups and certain diseases is a genetic one and cannot be transmitted from one person to ANOTHER.-DR. D. F. LEWIS, MEDICINE
Of course blood transfusions can be abused, as can any other method of treatment from oxygen to aspirin. It has also saved countless lives, and rendered recovery surer and more speedy in many other CASES.-DR. H. E. EMSON,
Why f.Q. tests are useless
Dorothy Sangster’s list of the IQ test’s limitations (How intelligence tests score today, July 1 ) should cause educators to seriously consider its abolishment. It cannot measure creativity or motivation; it is loaded in favor of the child from the high socio-economic background and its inaccuracy is underlined by the fact that an individual’s score can change by the simple procedure of
changing his environment. Surely this is convincing proof of the over-all uselessness of the IQ test as a measurement of intelligence. — G. MICHAEL
ABIiOTT, NORTHVILLE, MICH., U.S.A.
About those flippant magazine writers
I find it difficult to believe that Robert Thomas Allen’s article (Why modern novels all have the same swinging hero, Aug. 26) will replace either Exodus or The Watch that Ends the Night. He might have discovered this for himself had his superiority not kept him from the pleasure of reading these books. With the contempt he professes for breezy, flippant modern writing, how, oh how, could he have included in his article these breezy and flippant lines, “Homer really missed the trireme on this in the Iliad”? - NANCY KNOWLTON,
I'm afraid / missed the boat on that one.—R.T.A.
The natives arc restless
I too am a Loyalist (Long live the Queen! Long live the Loyalists, Aug. 26) but of a different kind. 1 for one have no British blood in me so why must I, my children and many like me have to suffer under British tradition? It is our right as Canadians to have our own traditions, national anthem and flag. Most Canadians want Canada to be recognized as an independent country and as long as we have to sing God Save the Queen and fly the Union Jack, we will always be colonials.— MRS. J. R1DGWAY, CORNWALLIS, N.S.
The article gave me indigestion. Why did you waste valuable paper on these bigoted PEOPLE?-D. ROEBUCK. TORONTO.
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“Time doctors changed their views on vasectomy” Will a Canadian legacy help man use sea water?
Having been forced by two doctors and my husband to see through to the bitter end a pregnancy that I knew was one too many, and having had a heart attack when the baby was born, it finally became clear to even the thickest male head that I should have no more family. (The safe, certain birth control method that doctors won't talk about, Aug. 12,) Then my husband became suddenly solicitous, and was quite insistent that he himself be sterilized. This I did not think right— the person who would be adversely affected by more family is unquestionably the one to be sterilized, and the only one. Since 1 had the necessary operation I have begun to regain some peace of mind. The only justifiable reasons for vasectomy would seem to be an inability or reluctance on the part of the man to support more family, or the probability of his passing on an hereditary defect. The sterilization of a wife may be a bit more troublesome, time-consuming and expensive, but in most cases it is her health that is at stake, and therefore her husband should be willing, not to undergo surgery for her sake, but to give her four or five days in hospital while she gets a bit of necessary attention. After all, for her too, the operation takes little more than fifteen minutes. - LOIS BAKER. MONTREAL.
Is Porter the end of the world?
The Promethean gleam in the eye of McKenzie Porter (Cliffdwelling: the only way a gentleman can still live like one, Aug. 12) as he waters that tw'o-bit garden of his is calculated to start a slow burn in the breast of every home-owner from coast to coast. Since they are not afraid of life, they cope with the mortgage. the bawling youngsters, the dogs, the kitchen gadgets and the cup-of-sugar neighbors who like to keep in touch. The philosophy of the ivory tower sybarites has toppled EMPIRES.-ELIZABETH HEWITT,
Our own next breakthrough
Ian Sclanders’ article (Man’s next great scientific breakthrough, Aug. 12) was so good and so accurate that it is perhaps a little picayune to pick one mistake in an otherwise first-rate account. I refer to the statement that Canada is doing no work on this problem. This is not true. Some years ago, the late Major James Henry Brace, one of Canada’s most distinguished engineers, saw' this problem very clearly and in his will he left the residue of his estate to McGill University for research work under the direction of the Dean of the Faculty of Engineering into problems of sea water conversion and into the conversion of arid lands into fertile agricultural country. Although we have not yet received the full settlement from the estate, we nevertheless have been working for the past three years on this particular problem. Our first act was to appoint R. E. Jamieson, M.Sc., O.B.E., a former Dean of the Faculty, as Director of Planning. In the last two and a half years he has spent all his time studying this problem. The essential results of his survey are quite simple to understand.
There are essentially two methods of attack. The first, as discussed in your article, is the development of large-scale plants along the lines of those already existing at Kuwait, Curaçao and Aruba. As lan Sclanders rightly points out, a vast
amount of money is being spent in the attempt to reduce the cost per thousand gallons of the water produced from these plants. Major Brace’s intent from his will, however, was not so much concerned with the supplying of pure water to towns or to industries, but to useful agricultural purposes. It is quite clear that a large bulk plant in itself is not sufficient for agricultural purposes. After the large plant has produced its water, this must be distributed and metered to the individual consumers who may be scattered over a very w'ide range of territory. However, under many arid territories there exist large areas of underground water, unfortunately too saline for use, but nevertheless water in abundance. Therefore the other approach is to consider the possibility of small in-
dividual units which might be appropriate for one or two homesteads rather than a whole country or territory.
The unit known as the Brace Bequest of McGill University has embarked upon a policy of research and development aimed at the evolution of such plants. We have been fortunate in obtaining the services of Dr. Gerald T. Ward, a recognized international expert in the field of solar energy and Dr. Austin Whillier as Deputy Director. Their program includes work in three stages. The first phase is fundamental research in the laboratories of the Engineering Department at McGill University. The second phase combination took place on the island of Barbados where McGill already had research facilities and where we built the Brace Experiment Station. We are now installing the apparatus there to commence work on the measurement and utilization of both solar and wind energy and on its application to methods of desalting sea water. The third phase, which has not yet been started, is the use of the devices we have developed in actual field trials in arid areas of the world. At the present time we are engaged in negotiations with various agencies and countries with a view to co-operative programs. The solution of this great problem of water supply may remove some of the classic causes of strife and trouble, and we feel proud, as Canadians, that we are playing a part in this major effort.— DONALD L. MORDELL, DEAN OF THE FACULTY OF ENGINEERING, MCGILL UNIVERSITY, MONTREAL.
Spies, informers and the RCMP
Congratulations on your editorial of July 15 (Are we really recruiting youngsters to spy on each other?). The mentality of the Diefenbaker regime is fully exposed by its attempt to hire spies and informers among the student bodies of Canadian universities. The efforts of the Dieftatorship to degrade the honored name of the RCMP into a political Gestapo should be widely publicized. — JOHN B. WITCHELL, QUEBEC CITY.
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“The ground we gained at Vimy was gained hard” Should schools teach kids to read or sit still?
Ralph Allen (Vimy and Passchendaele: Canada’s bravest and blackest hours. July 29) brought back a lot of old memories but he makes two statements which are not correct. He says 15,000 Canadian assault infantrymen moved into position through tunnels from Arras. Arras was approximately five miles to our right and there were no tunnels to the Canadian part of Vimy Ridge from Arras. Part of our supporting troops did come through a tunnel from the Zivy Cave, which was a few' hundred yards behind our front line. This tunnel u'as dug by the Canadian Tunneling Companies and came to the surface in the German second and third lines. Mr. Allen also says that by the “start hour” every man in the assault force had been given a hot meal and a tot of rum to fortify him against the historic day ahead. The 18th and 19th Battalions were the shock troops for the 4th Brigade. We moved in the middle of the night to our jumping-off positions, which were part of an old French trench and linked-up shell holes, or any kind of cover we could find as close as possible to the German trenches. Once in position we were not allowed to move or make any noise, so it was impossible to serve any kind of a meal, particularly a hot one. Some of the troops did get a shot of rum, if they were close enough to the officers or sergeants who had brought it out in their water bottles. I hate to think of the present generation reading Mr. Allen’s story and thinking that everything was made so nice and easy for us at Vimy that it was just a pushover. In spite of all the preparations, any ground we gained at Vimy was gained by hard fighting.—-it.
“HARM Y" (1.1 NDINING. TORONTO.
Will Canadians follow Goldwater?
Ian Sclanders blames pressure from the right ( Roll call of the fast-growing, warminded American Right, Aug. 26) for the Cuban invasion fiasco. Was it not liberal elements in the Kennedy administration who failed to back up the invasion once they helped get it started, who doomed it to failure? Mr. Sclanders does well to mention the resurgence of the conservative philosophy on university campuses. In my judgment, there is a corresponding movement in this country which strongly protests the drift toward ever-increasing big government, big deficits, big taxes, and centralization of power at the federal level of government. - WILLIAM H. MCVLIGH,
DRU M HELLER. VI T A.
General McArthur, Admiral Crommelin. Colonel Balter and Senator Goldwater know more of war than your Redpumping journalists. They do not want war. But they do want freedom, now unknown, for millions of poor Russians, Poles. Fast Germans and Hungarians.—
GABRIEL PROUST. SIT . ANNE. MAN.
W ho pays for the Stratford Festival?
Jane Becker has said some things about Stratford and the Festival (Why some Stratford people don’t like the festival, Aug. 26) that none of the drama critics would appreciate quite as much as the ordinary taxpayers of Stratford. To say that municipal taxes in Stratford are high would be an understatement. I have often wondered when the people of Stratford will decide they have reached the limit in subsidizing art and culture. We have not
only lost our beautiful parks to the tourists but must pay thousands each year so these people will be able to continue enjoying not only Shakespeare but all the “TRIMMINGS.”-LEONARD J. BUTSON, STRATFORD, ONT.
Why five-year-old Johnny can’t read
Hooray for Fileen Morris (Let’s stop wasting our five-year-olds’ minds. For the Sake of Argument, Aug. 26). It’s time our education departments woke up to the fact that most children are eager and capable of assimilating knowledge by their fifth year. Thousands of children in rural areas have no opportunity of attending either nursery school or kindergarten, because none exist, and they must wait until the September following their sixth birthday before being officially permitted
to print a solitary letter or to open a reader. For one unfortunate enough to be born in January, this means boredom anti frustration until he is six years anti eight months.—s. ni NDY, KELOWNA, B.C.
* A tiresome tirade by a clever parent of a clever child. Our school system is not intended to teach facts but the process of living in society. Therefore the question is not can he count at four, five or six, but whether he can learn to sit quietly in a classroom with thirty other children and listen to one person, his teacher, and do as she asks. In methods of teaching, what can be done with one child cannot be done simultaneously with a group of thirty, so we must choose the median way. Our program is set up for the average Ontario child, who is not Mrs. Morris’ child. She is like the fellow in line who boards the bus first, puts in his ticket and says. "Well, let’s go. I’m here.”—j. DQDINGTON, SCARBOROUGH, ONT.
Would a union of churches be a church dictatorship?
Reading Rev. John G. Ferry’s article (For the Sake of Argument, Aug. 12) was like a breath from the independent spirit of the past when, in spite of persecutions and martyrdoms, the freedom of worship w'e enjoy today was gained. An informal, spiritual union of Christian churches is preferable to a formal union that could easily become a religious DICTATORSHIP.-MISS
LUCY M. DALTON, ESTHER, ALTA.
Compromise is an integral part in the project of church union and compromise very often results in the better giving place to the lesser good. Stifled convictions become a stagnant pool. Church union is supposedly the antidote against communism, but outside communism is no greater threat than inside deterioration.-ADA HAVER, MINDE MOYA, ONT.
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The record and claims in one charity’s story
“Judas went out and hanged himself.” “Go
thou and do likewise.” “What thou doest, do quickly.” Taken completely out of context these three Scripture texts advocate that the Bible teaches suicide. This misappropriation of Scripture is exactly what your staff writer. Shirley Mair, has done in your July 29th issue of Maclean’s. (Background: How to make a million in the charity game.)
Miss Mair states that the colleges from which 1 received certain honorary degrees are “degree mills.” At no time did I ever, as your magazine implies, buy a degree from any college.
(The United States Secretary of Health Education and Welfare states that Barton College and Seminary, which awarded Mr. Martin a Doctorate of Education, and Pioneer Theological Seminary, which gave him a Doctorate of Divinity and another in Philosophy, are "degree mills.”—Ed.)
Honorable Mr. Justice I. Smith of the Superior Court of Quebec gave written judgment, twelve pages of same, as recently as April 10. 1961, that should give the lie to your profile of me. Said the impartial judge, "Christian Homes for Children is a ‘religious, charitable and educational organization’ within the meaning of the law; it has not been established that the property which the Respondent (the Municipal Council and School Board) seeks to tax is being used by the Opposant Society (Christian Homes for Children) for the purpose of deriving a revenue therefrom; on the contrary the proof show's that the said property is being used for religious, charitable and educational purposes and is therefore exempt from Municipal and School taxes.”
You print; "St. Aubin searched the municipal records for the names of schoolage children who have lived on Martin’s Vaudreuil property and found only nine names." First of all the “municipal records” do not contain the names of children. Such records are in the schools. Secondly, we were never asked by the municipality to submit the names of any children in our home. Thirdly, we have photostat copies of letters from the Secretary of the School Board complaining because they could not get taxes from our organization and asking the government for grants because of the many children they are educating from C hristian Homes for Children.
(M. St. Aubin checked the records of the School Commission for the Protestant School Municipality comprising Dorion, Dorion Cardens. Belle Plage, Ile Cadieu.x. Vaudreuil Parish and Vaudreuil Village.— Ed.)
Many of the children in our home were pre-school age and children from the many immigrant families who were taken into our home and who spoke no English, and, accordingly, were taught by our own staff.
"Martin said he has the only Protestant organization in the area," writes Miss Mair. who continues, "Actually, there are eight Protestant churches near by.” Anyone can check the truth of this statement by touring the district. He will discover that the closest Protestant church west of C .H.C. is at Como, 7 miles away. To the cast is a new mission church on lie Perrot. 6 miles away. To the north, at Lachute 30 miles away. To the south at Valleyfield 20 miles away. Therefore, in an area of over 600 square miles our C.H.C. is the only Protestant Organization.
(Within seven miles in either direction (168 square miles) of Vaudreuil there are these protestant churches: St. Giles Presbyterian, Baie dürfe; St. George’s Anglican, Ste. Anne de Bellevue; Union Church (United), St. Anne de Bellevue: Presbyterian Church of Ile Perrot; Christ Church, Dorion; St. Mary’s Anglican, Como; St. James Anglican, Hudson Wyman Memorial Church (United), Hudson—Ed.)
In the case of needy children who have been placed in our home because of serious domestic problems in their own home, parents are expected to pay toward the maintenance of their child when able to do so. Occasionally a child is deemed to be "needy” due to domestic difficulties and is accepted in our home on the basis of the parents paying toward the cost of our caring for the child. We have also had children whose parents were alcoholics, or in prison. Such children are taken without cost. The former Secretary of the local Protestant School Board, bred Barret. brought us two such children who were in our home without cost for three years.
In the case of W. G. McCartney whom you claim asked us to board his two boys for $15 a week but we "demanded $35 a week per child," this man came to us stating he was anxious to have his w'ife work as well as himself so that they could buy a house. We told him we were not running a boarding house and that our purpose was to keep homes together, not remove the children so that the parents could both work. We have refused dozens of such requests from parents who could pay quite large sums of money if we kept their children. But we view children as the "cement of the home structure” unless there is a serious problem affecting the well-being of the child.
Another inaccuracy in your Background profile of me states, “Martin does have large numbers of children on his estate each summer as members of his Lake of Two Mountains Camp. But most of them are guests w'hose parents pay $25 to $45 a week.” First of all it is not “my estate.” Secondly no one pays $45 a week. Thirdly no one pays more than $30 a week fees, but with the large number of children who come for nothing we still go in the red each summer some $5.000.
(A brochure published and distributed by Dr. Martin states: “Wildwood rates range from 525 to 545 per week."—Ed.)
The Justice of the Superior Court writes, "The proof shows that, although those attending summer camp who are required to pay the stipulated fee of $30 per week, there are others who. being unable to pay, are admitted either at reduced rates or free of charge depending upon the circumstances. It appears also that there are others who, of their own free will, pay more than the fee actually charged.”
Miss Mair writes: "What is surprising is the magazine’s (referring to HOME Magazine which 1 publish) total revenue, from subscription and donations. In 1958, for instance, HOME Magazine took in $52,433.94." Chartre, Samson, Beauvais, Bclair, Coté, Marceau and Associates, chartered accountants, have audited our books since we moved to Quebec. The
figure S52.433.94, which you quote as being the "take" of HOME Magazine includes all donations to the five chartered purposes of Christian Homes for Children; homes, home and foreign missions, Sunday schools, summer camps and Christian home training services.
(The 1958 audited statement of Dr. Martin's organizations lists: “Donations and
subscriptions to Honte Magazine $52,433.98.”—Ed.)
The last balance sheet issued by Sam-
son. Belair, Coté, Lacroix, etc., chartered accountants, dated March 8. 1961. shows our total assets, including equipment and furniture, cars and trucks, land, buildings and improvements to be $184.798.56. This does not tally with your subtitle of me, “How to make a million in thecharity game." You are over $800.000 out! On the basis of converts we have had since opening our work in Vaudreuil it works out to $31 ot fixed assets per convert . . .
Often we are approached by would-be buyers of the property, because it increased so greatly in value these past few
years. Farms in the area which used to ask $50 are now asking $3.(HH) an acre. We, therefore, tell any real estate broker who approaches us that we do not want to sell, but that if they have a customer willing to pay $876,000 we would consider their offer. But we also say we would have to secure another suitable property and with the money left over we would support orphanages in more needy lands than Canada. Obviously any property can be purchased if the price is high enough.—
REV. HAROI.1) (.FORCE MARTIN, VAUDREUIL, QUE. *