What really deformed these babies? / How a union war hurts every unionist
Reading June Callwood’s article (The unfolding tragedy of drug - deformed babies, May 19) I was filled with horror and dread. The writer points out that in a number of cases of phocomelia in infants born in the last year, there is no record of the mothers having used a sedative containing thalidomide. Has it occurred to anyone that we may be already witnessing the results of the massive nuclear testing carried out in the past several years in the face of repeated and emphatic warnings by such scientists as Linus Pauling, who has predicted tens of thousands of malformed babies on the basis of tests already completed? Whether or not these particular cases of deformity have any connection with nuclear testing, they are a sample of the kind of heart-breaking experience in store for innumerable future mothers all over the world, many of whom will be our growing daughters, whose genital organs are now absorbing the poison from nuclear tests. 1 hope that the leaders of the world will not commit the ultimate madness of carrying their antagonisms to the point of nuclear war, but 1 tremble in helpless fury at their contamination of the atmosphere and their reckless disregard for our children. — MRS. GEORGE HERMAN, WIEEOWDALE, ONT.
How unions harm themselves
It is tragic that a group of select unions with the aid of U. S.-oriented constitutions should dictate the political affiliation of a person or group and cause worker to fight worker (Sudbury: the city that lost a war between unions, April 21). The communists in Canada are a legal political party. I herefore any member or group of communists should have the same right as an NDP member, Liberal or Conservative, to participate in the Canadian labor movement if he so desires. When the Trades and Labor Congress and the Canadian Congress of Labor merged to form the Canadian Labor Congress their purpose was to unite and strengthen the unions. The present raiding policy of the CLC can only cause dis-
unity and weakness at a time when the labor movement can least afford them. —ALEX GREYCHUCK, HAMILTON
Crime and culture
Alan Phillips portrays the Chinese Canadians’ pride of heritage (the criminal society that dominates the Chinese in Canada, April 7) and culture as an insidious thing rather than an instrument by which the culture of Canada can be enriched. — HUGH IL PARKER, WINNIPEG
Where the natives come from
As secretary of an historical society in Muskoka, I know that the “locals” or “farmers” didn't evolve out of the rocks and bushes as Janice Tyrwhitt (Underground warfare on the holiday waterfront. May 5) leads one to suppose. Most of them are descendants of pioneers. which in itself denotes courage, enterprise and a reasonable amount of intelligence. Personally, I claim as an ancestor the man at the helm of the
little ship that helped Drake drum the Spaniards down the CHANNEL.-JOYCE I.
SCHELL, BARLOCHAN. MUSKOKA, ONT.
War’s dreary alternative
After reading your April 21 issue (War and the peace) I am completely shaken. It is all very well for the Canadian public to know the worst, but they can do nothing about the terrible possibilities of the future, except to worry. I he consequences of a nuclear war are terrifying and the knowledge that the Americans face two dreary alternatives, a nuclear war or disarmament that would bring a grand slump and mass
unemployment, is not very encouraging. —VERNA L. DARLING, BELLEVILLE, ONT.
* Congratulations on your informative if terrifying report on War and the peace. I should like, however, to express my deep concern that a Canadian in public office, Dr. A. H. Zimmerman, can be quoted (the first open survey of psychochemical warfare) as saying, “With enough education, people would pray for this kind of WARFARE.”-IRENE
KON, WESTMOUNT, P.Q.
Another fate for von Braun
Mrs. Ed. Mclnerney was way out of orbit when she wrote (Mailbag, May 5 ) and said that von Braun was an anti-Nazi and that he was jailed for his defiance and contempt of Nazi ideology. There may have been some scientists who had sufficient courage to defy the murderous Nazis, but von Braun was not one of them. On the contrary, he worked diligently to develop and ultimately use the V-l and V-2 rockets which almost won the war for Nazi Germany. Had the U. S. high command been really honest, von Braun would have been tried with his cronies at Nuremberg and, together with the other war criminals, would have been convicted of crimes against humanity.
—KURT JANSEN. KINGSTON. ONT.
What about these refugees?
Those of your correspondents who have a genuine interest in refugees (The redeemed children, Feb. 10), ought to concern themselves with the 750,000 Arabs who were driven from their homeland in Palestine by the Jews after 1.500 years of habitation there, and who are now living in refugee camps.—
ROBERT EARL, COBDEN, ONT.
One road to peace
Dr. Norman Alcock (The man who wants peace, Feb. 24) may never realize his dream, but he has already succeeded in making a simple problem seem complicated enough to fascinate scientific minds. Most of his questions were
answered long ago in the Sermon on the Mount, in a way which has never been acceptable to humanity in general. This way was, however, not only accepted but put into practice by the late Mahatma Gandhi, the most successful pacifist of modern times. But—far from taking a leaf from Gandhi’s book—Dr. Alcock has already eased Christianity out the back door. He has faith, but in what? In human nature — the basic cause of all conflicts since Cain killed Abel? — JOHN MORTIMER, WINNIPEG
On your mark, get set . . .
I have just completed your fine article on motor racing (Grand Prix—Canada’s bid for big-time auto racing, Mar. 24) and its place as a Canadian spectator sport. The photography is excellent and the reporting is not the usual
sensational “death defying driver” type as seen in the press. It is through efforts like yours that the sport will grow and expand in CANADA.-REG WESSON, OAK-
VII.LI: TRAFALGAR LIGHT CAR CLUB, REXDALE, ONT.
Must we trade with Cuba?
The articles on Cuba by William Eccles (Cuba’s program to export revolution, Ladies’ day in Cuba, March 10), are so much more factual and better done than anything we get in the United States, so far as I know, that I felt impelled to write and thank you. However, one question arises in regard to Canada’s trading with the communists. Let us put it this way: if the communists are successful and take over South America, do the Canadians feel they will be left to go their own way and not be communized also? — HERBERT M IDG LEY, BURBANK. CALIFORNIA
MORE MAILBAG ON PAGE 6
continued from page 2
Are these our real motives for trading with Cuba ? Even Shakespeare had trouble with square reviewers
I found your editorial. Why we don't join the blockade to starve Castro out of Cuba (April 21), singularly unconvincing. Before the Second World War, national indignation was aroused over the sale of materials for Nazi Germany by the U. S. We resented the fact that the Americans made money at our expense. Now. of course, the shoe is on the other foot and we are following the same “business as usual" policy with Cuba that Americans followed with Germany. There is one difference, however. When the Americans followed this policy, it was wrong. When we follow it. it is right . . .-H. WIJLER, TO-
^ How much of the aid we give to Cuba benefits the people “we don't want to punish”? . . . ■— THOMAS FUERTII, WOODS LEE, ONT.
^ Your ideas on the opinions of Canadians arc entirely wrong concerning the blockade. I believe that all Canadians would like to take a firm step forward with President Kennedy to stop trade and starve Castro out of his domain.-LEO SHANAHAN, ESSEX. ONT.
^ I was shocked that a democratic magazine could publish such communistic PROPAGANDA.-JANICE. WHALES,
WOODSLEE;, ON E.
^ We may view Washington's Cuban policy with or without approval and we may or may not care about the welfare of other nations, but we are certainly not refusing to join the blockade of Cuba for the reasons outlined in your editorial. Let’s face the truth and admit that we cannot afford to pass up an easy buck at this TIME.-KARI.
SCHULTZ, WATERDOWN. ONT.
^ The Cubans buy from us because we are the only ones who will sell to them, not because they love us. When the present Cuban regime collapses, Canada will lose its present trade which is small compared with that of the other countries which we are now needlessly antagonizing. Pulling the eagle’s feathers is a poor way to demonstrate Canadian economic independence.—-
MARVIN A. PARK. CANFIELD, ONT.
Von Braun's slaves
In The war against von Braun (March 24). you state that 100 German technicians and over 600 foreign labor slaves were killed during the bombing.
I was a slave laborer and would like to tell the story from my point of view. Probably few know that those slave laborers were not only male war prisoners. but young girls as well. Women. 14 to 30 years old, were doing dangerous, almost impossible tasks like masking mines and wrestling with explosives. The heavy bombings aimed at our barracks and intended to eliminate the “enemy” were awaited by us with dread and joy, fear of death and hope of liberation.—15. MAZEIKA, TORONTO
The 40-vear forecasts
Í was interested in Alberta’s affair with a rainmaker (May 5). I grew up in central Alberta. I saw the last few years of a 20-year mostly dry period that must have started about 1880 and ended in August, 1899. 1 saw the mostly
wet period that started in August, 1899 and lasted until 1919. I saw another dry period that started in 1920 and ended in 1939. And the fairly wet period that started in 1940 and ended in 1959. Now we are in the third year of a mostly dry period that will last until about 1979. when it will turn quite wet again. The climate in central Alberta does a good job of repeating itself every 40 years. Dr. Kriek appears to know that and has been able to make some very good long-range FORECASTS.-JOHN
A. WALTERS. CRESTON. 15.C.
The warlike Moore
Thank you for John Gray’s lively and provocative piece on Spring Thaw ( More laughs to the square review. May 5). notwithstanding his typically Canadian concern to explain its success on every ground but merit ("square actors, square jokes, square audience”). Mr. Gray approvingly quotes Robert Fulford’s view that "we’re square. You’d never call Shakespeare square, or Mark Twain, or Leacock—but we are.” Now you wouldn't, gentlemen— but then they did. Critics in Shake-
speare’s own day and long after were willing to concede him "neither a civilized taste nor a competent craftsmanship” (Spencer: Shakespeare Improved). Twain was regarded by most of his critics as a mere hick. And Leacock? Well, the N. Y. Times called him "amiable,” Will Cuppy called him “good - natured,” the London Times noted "the complete absence of malice” in his works, anti a distinguished Canadian colleague accused him of "callous VULGARITY.”-MAVOR MOORE, TORONTO
One way to conquer phobic fears
As a result of reading your excellent article on phobic fears (How phobic fears make monsters out of molehills, April 21). I have realized that my nineyear-old daughter’s terror of elevators is something more than a way of drawing attention to herself on our rare trips into the city. Our doctor recommended a psychiatrist and she has already had one very beneficial hour with him and is looking forward eagerly to her next appointment. The psychiatrist is confident that he will get to the bottom of the phobia and my husband and I both believe that the expense of a few hours of psychotherapy will be well worth it. -MRS. MONICA LAYTON. DORVAL, P.Q.
* The article was interesting, vivid, informative and a fine example of how a medical subject can be treated in a nonmedical journal. It gives the lie to the idea held by doctors, with their closed-shop attitude, that only those in the profession are qualified to write on medical MATTERS.-A. L. WATFORD,
Continued on page 10
continued from pape 6
How Winnipeg’s Chinese feel about the crime rings Canada’s first victims of psychochemical warfare
We would like to make the following points in reference to certain statements made by Mr. Alan Phillips [The criminal society that dominates the Chinese in Canada. April 7). Under no circumstances would we defend the crime rings or triads which are in existence in every cosmopolitan city and mixed society all over the world. Most of our Chinese landed immigrants and'eitizens in Winnipeg have decent and respectable professions and businesses. They do not belong to such rings and are in no way dominated by them. The character Hung does not mean or designate triad, an international crime ring that police believe operates here. It means a deluge, the water, the river, and is also one of the surnames in the Chinese genealogical tree. The Chinese Benevolent Association leaders do not represent all the Chinese in Canada. Among our friends we had never heard of the C.B.A. or of its operations before the publication of Mr. Phillips’ article. We pay no fees nor dues to any clubs or associations organized by the so-called C.B.A.. nor are we bound to join this association. Mr. Phillips says that “the Chinese were a conquered nation for several thousand years ...” The Mongols who ruled over China from 1280 to 1368 A.I). — not in the seventeenth century as Mr. Phillips stated — were Chinese. The reference to a fund to pay a $1,000 fine for a Winnipeg Chinese is also a misunderstanding. Upon enquiry into this matter, we discovered that it was not a collection raised by his friends as Mr. Phillips says, but a fine he paid by himself. And finally, the statement, “Triad controlled the racket in Hong Kong. You can be sure they would not have anyone running in here whom they did not approve,” is unfounded. Most of us come here of our own free will and for our personal reasons without consulting or obtaining approval from the triads. - REV. THOMAS CHOY, C. C. TSEN, PIED.. FREDERICK HUNG. PIED., MARTIN II. YE.II, PIED., WINNIPEG
I am deeply ashamed as a Canadian that a leading publication in this country—right after two fine articles on the integration of refugees into Canadian life—should have chosen to denigrate the Chinese of Canada in such unqualified terms and in such racist language.
-E. R. M II.EI R. DOWNSVIEW, ONT.
* There is no crime organization governing us. nor do we pay any fees toward such a one. These "tongs” Alan Phillips speaks of arc remnants of the old pioneer days and are now of little if any significance to the majority of us. None of us are forced to owe allegiance to them. - MAY LEE, PRESIDEN!. DO El. Y WONG, PAST PRESIDENT, THE CHINESE UNITED CHURCH WOMEN, WINNIPEG
llow to recognize Social Credit
Mr. Newman’s article. How to tell the Grits from the Tories (May 5) showed very effectively that the main difference new existing between the Conservative and Liberal Parties in Canada is that one is in office and the other wants to be. So. lumping the two old-line parties together into one status-quo party, more and more thinking young Canadians are turning to the common sense of the Social Credit party’s monetary reform
policies as expressed so well by Robert N. Thompson, the national leader.— ROBERT F. LYONS, NORTH SURREY. B.C.
Why these animals suffer
I would like to comment on a statement in First Open Survey of Psychochemical Warfare (April 21 ). In speaking of the research and testing of gases, Sidney Katz said that at Suffield, Afta., in one building “cages of experimental animals line the walls from floor to ceiling and airplane motors circulate experimental gases.” Such a ghastly picture— thousands of completely innocent animals condemned to an unnatural life of close confinement, made miserably sick time and again until death mercifully ends their tormented lives. Why? Is this done in order to promote human health and welfare? No. These animals sulfer in order that we may the more ably torment humans in a similar manner.-MRS. G. E. BENNETT. BURNABY. B.C.
Two more for the bore watchers
McKenzie Porter on bores (Apnl 21) neglected to mention two more of these strange birds: the shy button-lip and
the necessity chatterer. The shy buttonlip is a bore because he or she has no self-confidence and is afraid his opinions will mean nothing to his listeners. (He is similar to the pipe-smoking mute). The necessity chatterer is a usually intelligent but inarticulate bird who, in attempting to explain his ideas, usually ends up by saying something like this: “I don’t see why Canada cannot take the middle-of-the-road stand . . . what I mean is . . . you understand that a . . . and this nonsense about red or dead business when . . . my, what lovely drapes you HAVE.”-M. E LANG,
The two faces of truth
How right Michael Barkway is! (We’re still wrong about the Russians, March 24). We are wrong because, though we have many channels of information about them available, we prefer to believe a mass of biased half-truths, hoping they are correct rather than finding out. For example, the first Sputnik streaked across an amazed western horizon when we could have read about the entire Russian space program in their scientific journals readily available to anyone interested. But, because some sectors of the Soviet economy are backward, we denigrate the whole system. Do we condemn the entire stateprivate enterprise alliance, still called capitalism in North America, because ii has failed to solve the unemployment problem? The truth is. both sides in the cold war can learn from the other. After all. we have so much in common. including the means to blast each other off the face of the EARTH!-PATRICIA RODRIGUEZ, MONTREAL. ★