June 30 1962


June 30 1962

MAILBAG: The pros and cons of chiropractic / What makes a good man a good MP?

Congratulations on publishing a very fair and well-balanced article on chiropractors (Can you trust a chiropractor v.ith your health? June 2). As long as people continue to behave like human beings instead of machines, the quacks, the eultists, the reflexologists and the food faddists will be with us for a long time yet. The chief objection of the doctors to these people is that they are very quick to recommend what treatment should be given for this or that condition, while they overlook the main prerequisite of any treatment program —correct diagnosis. It is probably fair to state that about 90% of a medical student’s training is concerned with learning the art of diagnosis; an art, incidentally, which takes a great many years to learn w'ell and is never fully mastered by the best of us. Obviously, until a correct diagnosis, or a reasonable approximation of such can be made, treatment of the disorder cannot properly follow. We believe, and I think this is logical reasoning, that unless a practitioner has had an adequate training in all phases of medicine, namely: surgery, gynecology, obstetrics, internal medicine, pathology, etc., etc., not to mention the preclinical studies of anatomy, physiology and so forth, then he cannot honestly claim to take people in and pretend to accurately diagnose and treat them. If he does this without this fundamental study behind him. he has no right to object if he is labeled a quack. Why, then, do chiropractors succeed in helping patients get well where doctors have failed? There are two good reasons. Firstly, there is no doubt that many ailments have their origin in the “psyche” and in manyother conditions there may be strong psychological factors present which determine why some patients suffering from a certain malady may get well while others do not. Some of these people in the latter category often become frankly impatient with orthodox treatment and find a psychological “boost” in a course of therapy administered by a quack. Secondly, and I feel the medical profession is to blame in this respect, there is little or no instruction given to students in the art of manipulation. Many of our best teachers still frown upon this method of treatment, although there is now a strong

and growing body of opinion within the profession that this aspect of healing should be more properly emphasized. Finally, a word of warning to those who say that doctors and chiropractors should co-operate more closely. Your reporter attended six different chiropractors and received as many differing explanations for his nonexistent complaint. Surely, the chiropractors must first get together among themselves and formulate a few words of basic truth so that they know what each other is talking about. Only then can they expect to receive any kind of formal recognition. —DR. N. M F.LLOR, ROCKY MOUNTAIN HOUSE, ALBERTA

^ Your article on chiropractors seemed to me both informative and generally impartial. Some years ago I visited a chiropractor after suffering for months with a stiff back and severe pain in the sciatic nerve in my right leg. Different medical men had prescribed pills, heat treatments and plasters without giving me any relief. I then visited a chiropractor who gave me half a dozen spinal manipulations which gave me complete and permanent relief.—


Sure, there are quacks among chiropractors as there are quacks among doctors, but do we condemn all doctors?



The cheering seefion

Certainly. Mr. Kelly has gained his fame in the sports field. But I see no reason why either he cr the Liberal party should be attacked in this manner (Editorial: Why there’s one con-

test we'd like to see a good man lose, June 2). Rather than selecting Howie Meeker as an example of a popular

athlete who turned politician, why not mention Lionel Conacher. who made a definite contribution, during his period in Ottawa, to parliamentary government and who, no doubt, gained many votes due to his sports popularity. If Mr. Kelly can count his hockey achievements among his assets and if the Liberals are fortunate enough to be able to count Mr. Kelly as one of their assets. I can see no reason for you to raise an objection.—c. F. CLAPP, ISLINGTON, ONT.

* From here it seems that Red has little chance of winning, so your peevish proclamation seems like battering down an open DOOR.-BAZ O’MEARA, MONTREAL

Under the spreading Hanley tree

Mr. Johnstone’s exceptional study of Frank Hanley (Nights and days of a ward boss. June 2) was a fair examination of both sides of the coin as well as an unbiased probe of Hanley the politico and Hanley the man. It should be noted also that one does not necessarily have to come from the St. Ann ward to approach Mr. Hanley. He has helped some desperate people who vote in an entirely different area of the city and if the day should ever come that the “prime minister of the Irish Republic of Hanley” ran for the office of mayor of Montreal, who’s to say he wouldn’t get IN?-ANDREW COWANS,


The responsibilities of a citizen

David Stein writes that I “discovered” (that is, woke up to my responsibilities as a citizen in a free democracy) communism four years ago and since then read everything I could (Sudbury, the town that lost a union war, April 21). “Now he finds communists everywhere,” Stein says. I definitely do not see communists everywhere. But I do see too many of them where, for the good of Canada and the free world, they shouldn’t be. I am quoted as having said: “Hardly anyone in Canada doesn’t have at least one communist idea.” In the context of the talk this line should read, as it was clearly delivered before the audience: "As a result of brainwashing techniques and through shamefully widespread in-

filtration in the communications media, the communist semantics have left some mark on practically all cf us. Hardly anyone, for example. . . . ETC.”-LEO A.


Northward ho!

Jane Becker’s article about the expansion of Canada’s cities into adjacent rural areas and the problems that flow from this (The cannibal cities, June 2) is a welcome contribution to public thinking on this urgent subject. But it

stopped short of offering much in the way of a specific cure beyond advocating a little better planning in this growth. A far better solution, in my eyes, would be the setting up of new industrial urban centres in the north to siphon off a certain proportion of this population growth from the existing centres. More of our valuable agricultural land could then be preserved for the use of future generations. This would also present a positive alternative to urban renewal which is being pressed upon us, since it would create new' values rather than merely replace existing ones. It would serve as a focus for our idealism and restore a sense of mission to the Canadian PEOPLE.-EDWARD


As a resident of B. C. (The go-for-broke boss of B. C., April 7) for the past 48 years, I have seen a lot of politicians, some good and some bad and some indifferent. I’ve seen easy-going governments, with no progress, but I’ve only seen one get-up-and-go government and that’s the one we have today. - GEORGE



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Why Dr. Norman Bethune couldn't stay in Canada How to get the most out of life at a summer cottage

! happen to he one of the people who knew Dr. Norman Bethune (The only Canadian the Chinese ever heard of. May 19) as a fine, compassionate person. I met him in the spring of 1934 and was in touch with him until he left for China in the autumn of 1937. ln 1933 he did everything in his power to make effective treatment for Canadian TB sufferers available to all. His methods may not have been diplomatic, but his integrity was unquestionable. Gradually his discouragement became almost overpowering, and in the ensuing years, as he told me. he “came to the crossroads.” He had to choose between remaining in Canada and subduing his driving need to help the poor and sick in vast numbers (which would have required making large sums of money in his practice). or turning to a life which would leave him free to develop his scientific ideas, without the bother of material preoccupations. When he was asked to go to Spain, he saw in this medical experiment an opportunity he longed for. Incidentally, he first offered his services to the Canadian Red Cross for Spain but they were not sending anyone to that country. The last time I saw him he said, at lunch, "They want me to go to China now.” I asked him why he should not stay in his own country, the country he loved. He smiled, and replied. rather regretfully, "I don't think the RCMP like me very much; I have joined the Communist Party.” To him at that time it was not a matter of being subversive, but the opportunity to do the most good for the most people. Later, as we walked down to Beaver Hall Hill, where he had helped organize the Children's Art Centre, I was really shocked to hear him say thoughtfully, “You know. I have never achieved anything but the second-rate.” He was a genuinely modest MAN.-MRS. E. H.


A chance for Red Kelly

Your editorial of June 2 (Why there's one contest we’d like to see a good man lose) stinks. To suggest that any nominated candidate is not suitable material for government office before he has had a chance to prove himself is most unethical. Mr. Kelly, I feel, shotdd be given every chance when and if elected to show his worth. I may be wrong but I think his hockey experience will stand him in good stead in the hurly-burly of public life. Also, the day-to-day oc-

cupation of a member, to my mind, has no relation to his abilities or capabilities, be he hockey player, lawyer, dentist or anything else.—K. G. CLARRY. TORONTO

Rally round the wildflowers

I have just read with interest and dismay Fred Bodsworth's article about the wildflowers (On the nature front: a fight for our rarest flowers. May I9). It is to be hoped that all nature-loving Canadians will rally behind Mr. Malcolm Kirk in his effort to establish the wildflower SANCTUARY.-A. DE VOOGEL,


When status symbols were fun

I enjoyed reading W. O. Mitchell's “Summer cottages are wasted as status symbols” (April 21). I kept thinking that only out west in Manitoba, Saskatchewan or Vancouver could such a summer cottage have been at all! I have lived in the cast for the past 25 years and I have no personal friends who can boast of having a cottage to share with relatives and friends. I have known at least five different sets of persons who do have summer cottages but who only use them for one week or two at most.

I recall back home in Winnipeg some 30 years ago, we had a cottage at the lake and believe me. it would be a very quiet and lonely weekend indeed if only our family of five were there. Beds? There were at least five of what we used to call “Toronto couches” out on the verandah which went all around the cottage and three more, inside the cottage’s large room. A tent was outside for the boys if they wished. There were also two bedrooms in our cottage which could accommodate six adults at least. As I read W. O. Mitchell’s account of his grandmother bathing, I recalled such an experience happening to a friend's grandmother. I just wonder what these grandmothers would say if they were here today and could see the bikini bathing suits, smell the hamburgers and hot dogs, have to listen to transistor radio music on a quiet Sunday afternoon, with no privacy on any beach for miles and miles around, and have to gulp down deep breaths of motor and gas fumes from the maze of cars parked every which WAY.-JOY BAIN, TORONTO

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What is the Chinese Benevolent Association’s role?

We, the chairmen and officers, speaking for the Chinese Benevolent Association with national headquarters at Vancouver, read the article. How Crime rings dominate Canada’s Chinese (April 7), with pain and shock. It implies that the Chinese Benevolent Association is a “criminal society” and a “criminal oligarchy.” This is false and slanderous. The Vancouver Chinese Benevolent Association, serving mainly the largest Chinese community in Canada, is a charitable and benevolent society established in 1884, and later incorporated under the Societies Act. No officer has been charged with any immigration offense, nor has the Association itself engaged in any conspiracy to break the immigration laws. According to the article, the C.B.A. has “its own civil service, foreign office, spies, taxes, and most important, their own laws.” This is ridiculous nonsense. The article states that large numbers of Chinese were illegally admitted to Canada in the last 12 years. The figures quoted are fantastic. It could be added, to keep some sense of proportion, that all Chinese immigrants in these years represent less than one percent of total immigration to Canada. In fact, each Chinese immigrant was carefully checked before being allowed to come to Canada under provisions of very harsh immigration laws. Some admissions may have been illegal, but that is doubtless true in the case of immigrants from other countries. The number of Chinese-Canadians convicted of immigration offenses by the courts is inaccurate in the article. It falsely implies that many Chinese have been convicted as “agents of the ring.” It is true that for the last three years there has been a continuous RCMP investigation into illegal Chinese immigration into Canada, and that the RCMP has been assisted by 12 special constables of the Hong Kong police. In addition, the government has promised amnesty to any immigrant who will come forward and give evidence as to illegal entry. The article says that a “Mafia-like” organization called Triad exists in the Chinese communities in Canada, in the guise of Chinese Freemasons. This so-called “Crime Incorporated” is said to threaten anyone who offers information to the government about illegal immigration. We deeply resent the attack on Chinese communities generally, which is contained in the article. It reads like a piece of fictional melodrama. Chinatown is referred to as a "ghetto.” It is further slurred as "not merely a tourist trap.” Another slander says "many Chinese born in Canada speak only a few words of English." In fact, few young Chinese-Canadians master the language of their forefathers. Ihe author’s reference to the Mandarin language shows him to be very ill-in-

formed. The mother language of overseas Chinese is Cantonese. Mandarin, the language of north China, is rarely heard in CANADA.-LAM FONG, CHAIRMAN, NATIONAL HEADQUARTERS, CHINESE BENEVOLENT ASSOCIATION, VANCOUVER

The article on the Chinese conspiracy was written in the same spirit in which a journalist approaches any unsavory situation: in the hope that publishing the facts would help correct it. There is no doubt that the CHA is a charitable society. The only question is whether that is its sole function. The article documents how certain CHA leaders (distracted the police, issued false propaganda to the public, misinformed and intimidated their own race, and tried with political pressure to stop the investigation. If the CHA as a whole was not involved, it is difficult to see why they permitted this; an analogous situation in any bona fide service club would be unthinkable. It is true that the great majority of CHA leaders were not charged and may not be involved. It is also true that charges against others were dropped because of political influence. There is evidence against still others but I think the article makes clear, by the cases of intimidation it describes, why there are not more court cases: many witnesses who might testify are afraid to.

The article did read like melodrama. Unfortunately the facts were authenticated. / did not say that today's young Chinese do not learn English, as their elders often did not; they are the hope of their race. I did not say that they learned Mandarin, which would be silly. In making a point on racial pride I said they were taught that Mandarin, the language of Chinese scholars, had more characters than any other language. Ihe statement made in the article that the CHA has a governing body and various departments to deal with foreign (i.e. Canadian) governments is accurate. One of the saddest facts in this situation is the subverting of our legal and political systems. CHA leaders have used political pressure to misuse the machinery of our governments and our courts. It is not a practice confined to the Chinese, but neither is it that of a responsible society representing, as it says, almost all its race. Like the facts, all figures were checked by federal authorities; if they err, it is on the side of modesty. They prove that few Chinese in Canada, let alone their leaders, could have been unaware of the racket. It may be that the CHA, which has done some housecleaning recently, is now controlled by a lawabiding element. Hut this letter, which denies or ignores every fact of the government’s case, is not a very hopeful demonstration. — ALAN PHILLIPS ★