Who takes the bow for old-age pensions? / If they’re experts, then listen / “Refined brutality”
Who takes the bow for old-age pensions? / If they’re experts, then listen / “Refined brutality”
Blair Fraser in his article, Will The NDP Turn Parliament Upside Down?, states: “J. S. Woodsworth drove a bargain with Mackenzie King nearly forty years ago, giving his support to a minority government in exchange for a pledge to establish the first Canadian old-age pension.” I have a letter from the late A. W. Neill, Independent member for AlberniComox, dated July 8, 1959, in which he stated he was the prime mover in obtaining the old-age pension act for Canada. He received the first cheque, paid to one of his constituents, William Derby of Alberni, which cheque later was returned to Prime Minister St. Laurent for the Dominion Archives. Mr. Woodsworth and Mr. Heaps, Labor members for Winnipeg, and Mr. P. Heenen, Liberal Labor, formed the group that negotiated with King in 1925. The CCF was not in existence at that time. LA MONT ROSS, NANAIMO, BC
T Your coverline reads: “The NDP’s Big Bid For Power — How Tommy Douglas Could Run Canada With 30 Men.” I suspect that your editor omitted the vowel “i.” The line should have read: How Tommy Douglas Could Ruin Canada With 30 Men.
JOHN F. MORRISSEY, MONTREAL
* Blair Fraser’s article says of the NDP: “The party had relatively little appeal to women.” No question of this since women have their own form of social security — in the poor suckers they marry, who by law have to provide for them and their offspring, while they are in no way legally required to do anything. - W. B. JAMES, VANCOUVER
Something we ate?
Dr. William Howe’s statement that man is a carnivore is incorrect (Ottawa’s New “Minister Of Diet,” Reports). Man is a primate, a close relative of the apes and monkeys, and those animals are not carnivorous by nature. We also lack the speed, teeth and claws of the beast of prey. The largest and strongest of the world’s animals are vegetarian. We Western people have been more aggressive and warlike than the Eastern people. Is there a relationship between what we eat and how we behave? Could our eating habits be the cause of the emotional instability manifest in our society today? Our government has squandered billions on war material. Could it not spare a few thousand dollars for intensive and extensive nutritional research? - LILLA M. HARRIS, WENTWORTH
Who knows most about children?
Like so many others who try to write off all the years of study in one little article, Sheila H. Kieran talks as though the theories were dreamed up over a crystal ball (Sheila H. Kieran Offers Advice To Parents: Burn All Those Books On Baby Care, Argument). The psychologists and pediatricians who write the books have had years of experience and are in a position to select the methods that have proved useful. True they don’t all agree or propose the same ideas, but I've never read a book on child care yet that didn’t offer better advice than
locking children in dark cupboards or threatening them with bogeymen, policemen or the doctor — all of which, unfortunately, are a part of the “common sense” of a lot of parents. Mrs. Kieran asks us to turn our back on Dr. Spock and listen to John Brown, who says you can’t tell parents how to feel: But surely feelings are related to how you think. She also says the important books haven’t been written yet. How are we to know when they are? Will she send out a proclamation saying its safe to read now? Surely if as she says parents are more knowledgeable than any pediatrician, they should be able to read all the books, study all the theories, attend the lectures then use their capabilities to apply them INTELLIGENTLY.-MAY MaciNTYRE, TORONTO
T I agree heartily with Mrs. Kieran, although, having only three children, 1 lack her experience. 1 wish to heaven I had thrown out the books on childrearing that I used for my first baby. I was more relaxed and a better mother with my next two babies. I remember how painfully inexperienced I was with the first, and how much more inadequate I felt after reading Dr. Spock. However, I must disagree on the books about breast-feeding. I suggest that Mrs. Kieran read Nursing Your Baby, by Karen Pryor, and The Womanly Art Of Breast Feeding, by La Leche League, of Franklin Park, Illinois. I might also suggest that she read Niles Newton’s Family Book Of Child Care. The difference in these books is that they are written by women who are also mothers, and they seem to understand the problems and frustrations of motherhood.
MRS. C. E. DAWSON, WESTON, ONT.
The low cost of dying
I do not quite agree with your suggestion that it is in British Columbia where you can die and be buried cheapest (How The $100 Funeral Is Making A Comeback, Reports). Our Little Flower church parish has a burial-insurance plan that covers you no matter where you move in later life. It costs $1.50 to join (you must be a member of the parish), and at the death of a member it costs each member a dollar. Our yearly dues are fifty cents. At the death of my wife, we had a membership of 420. The funeral was paid for, as was a plot for two, and perpetual care was included. I had a credit of eighteen dollars left over after all expenses were paid. — J. SOGZ, REGINA
Who’s running things up there?
Gerald Waring appears to isolate Air Canada when he writes that air travel is “a business in which there are substantial risks, and which is normally an area for private enterprise” (How CPA Escaped A Takeover By Ottawa, Reports). The opposite, of course, is true. ( 1 ) Airlines have progressively eliminated major competitive risks by organizing price agreements on international tariffs, seeking and usually getting government-enforced national monopolies, and cooperating with other airlines in agreed fields. No government requires its private companies to underwrite “substantial risks” in transportation, either; witness the heavy subsidies of American and
British steamship lines, and of American commuter railroads. (2) Air travel is normally an area for public enterprise. All the major carriers in the world are state owned or controlled, save CPA and the U. S. airlines. Railroads are a similar case. Of all the major systems, only the CPR and the U. S. railroads are privately owned.
HERSCHEL HARDIN, WEST VANCOUVER
“New” - but not to Maugham
The ideas expressed in Can Surgery Reform Some Criminals? (Reports) are not new. for thoughts along the same lines are expressed by Somerset Maugham in Mr. Maugham Himself — a book published in 1954.
MRS. J. W. HACKETT, PRINCE ALBERT, SASK.
With due appreciation of Emily Sartain’s charming paintings of flowers (How The Provinces Proclaim Themselves With Flowers) I think she has not correctly shown our Ontario emblem. Her flower portrait of the Trillium does not show the large-flowered Trillium grandiflorum, as stated in the act of 1937. Her picture is of the small-flowered Trillium grandiflorum elongation. Of Quebec’s floral emblem, you say the “choice of Garden or Madonna Lily in ’63 disappointed some who wanted Wild Iris.” So far as I have been able to find out. the only ones who wanted the Wild Iris for Quebec were wishful-thinking, English-speaking people who would, if they could, foist their particular choice on the French in Quebec.
MRS. HELEN STRA1TH, SIMCOE, ONT.
Emily Sartain replies: “Reader Straith is right to the extent that the Trillium grandiflorum was not shown. (I did supply a picture of that Trillium, but the other was chosen for reproduction.) However, the one that appeared is not Trillium grandiflorum elongatum, but Trillium ovatum, which grows in BC.”
Argument by Allen Linden in favor of laws to stop discouraging good Samaritans (The Law Is Against The Good Samaritan) is sorely needed to clarify the situation. But the racist epithet “Indiangiving” —for shame!
MRS. H. BEDELL, WESTON, ONT.
In “sinless” Ontario
I wonder how your Editorial writer fits the following facts into his little bag of “straight thinking and accurate use of words” (We Have Bigotry All Right — But No Alabamas)? When my father was a boy he had to do weight-lifting and physical-fitness exercises to be able to resist and survive the daily bombardment of fists, stones, snowballs, bats, bricks, etc., which he received from EnglishCanadian neighborhood boys simply because he was a “French Peasouper.” When I was a kid I didn’t have to do the exercises— because 1 was fortunate in being much bigger than my father was as a boy —but 1 had to meet my daily dose of fists, stones, snowballs, bats, bricks, etc., simply because I was a “black Frenchman.’ Now you might, in a “straight thinking” way, pass it off as “just kid stuff.” Well, you can't pass it off when the same thing (and worse) occurs among the adults of the same community which, incidentally, is in “sinless” Ontario. But let’s concede that, to a certain degree, things at least seem to
have become more civilized. Let’s admit that there at least seems to be much less “outright brutality” in our land today and talk about “refined brutality.” How would your writer like it if a son of his had to wait until all the EnglishCanadian students were hired before he was given the dirtiest job which was “reserved” for him at the mill every summer. How would he like it if his son were “layed off” in the middle of his summer job because some English Canadian didn't like the looks of his French face or black French hair? How would he like to be continually snickered and laughed at because he spoke English with an accent? How would he like to be a bidding contractor who is told that he is “wearing the wrong badge” and that “if you come back here wearing a ring like this (Masonic), we’ll start talking turkey”? Such are a few of the many vicissitudes of French Canadians (and other nonEnglish Canadians) in Anglo-Saxon Ontario. — FREDERIC R. CÔTÉ, OTTAWA
Our next role: banana republic?
Congratulations on your Editorial. Shoot Thy Neighbor, and Ian Schänders’ article, The Backwater War That Could Shake The World. From my personal experience in Brazil, Argentina and in the Dominican Republic, where I prepared survey plans for Trujillo’s ammunition factory, I vouch for the validity of your statements on the social and political background. However, I may add a sobering thought to the" LatinAmerican story. According to CP, the special report on Canada-U. S. relations suggested that “in the absence of special Canadian interests or obligations, avoid as far as possible public disagreement, especially upon critical issues.” Thus a distinguished Canadian citizen suggested (or was asked to suggest?) our leadership to take the role of a ruling junta of a banana republic or of a petty Russian satellite in the sphere of international relations. The confusion of loyalties places the large segment of our national eminence and our “power elite” in the boots of Latin-American generals and politicos. If public indignation does not stop this “soft sell.” which tries to shift us even more behind U. S. policy, regardless of its aims and methods, then pretty soon the only difference that will remain between us and the latinos will be the lack of guts to rebel.
E. J. TASSONYI, CALGARY
Stop knocking the U.S.
I read with interest your Editorial, The Question Mark In Vietnam: Freedom. I am a proud Canadian, but having lived in Honolulu for the past year married to a member of the U. S. Navy, I now think I have a greater understanding of the problems involved in Vietnam and the reasons for U. S. support of the South Vietnamese. I think many Canadians are much too critical of President Johnson’s actions. 1 am sure that if Canada were the mainstay of the democratic world, as the United States now is, that it would also try to stop the aggression of Communist powers from walking into any country and taking over freedom-loving people. War is not a pleasant thing for anyone. U. S. military men are not in Vietnam risking their lives because they want to; they know that if the democratic system is to survive, Communist aggression must be suppressed in Vietnam, the Dominican Republic — or anywhere. I feel that this responsibility should not be left to the United States alone, but should be shared by all democratic countries. - MRS. F. O. BRADLEY, HONOLULU, HAWAII fa
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