MACLEAN’S

January 1 1966

MACLEAN’S

January 1 1966

MAILBAG

Let Lesage be specific / Memo to hippies: put up or shut up / Scholarships—but at a price

I JUST READ How Lesage Unsettled The West and I would still like to know something more concrete about the problems of Quebeckers. Let them make more specific complaints, and more definite proposals: they can always alter the proposals. One gets the feeling that, like spoiled children, they just want their own way, without knowing what else they WANT.--J. RIDDELL , EDMONTON

Spotlight on crusaders

I found your article by Peter Gzowski. The Righteous Crusaders Of The New Left, very inspiring. It is a great source of satisfaction for me. as an older and rather tired member of the peace movement, to know that the excellent effort of these youngsters is receiving serious attention and respect.

MRS. WALTFR JOSI PHY. OTTAWA

Aid tor (some) students

I wish to correct an erroneous statement made by Allan Fotheringham in How An Old Boy Got Back At UBC. Reviews. He states that "UBC pays half the fees of its first-class students." It is the government of British Columbia that pays half the fees of those students achieving an average over eighty percent. Students w'ith scholastic averages between sixty - five percent and eighty percent are eligible for government payment of one third of university fees. The quantity of these scholarships is somewhat limited, so generally only high second-class students are recipients. This scholarship program is applicable at all institutions of higher learning in BC. When this scheme was first introduced six years ago, UBC was forced to raise its tuition fees because the government operating grant could not meet expenses. Rather than further aid the university, individuals were aided by the government. The thousands of students whose averages weren’t high enough had to bear the brunt of such fee increases. MARII.YN H. WHITF. IMCTON, ONT.

Let them off!

Re Stop The World—They Want To Get Off: Then, why not let them off! — and along with them all the journalists who continually berate Canadians for their apathy, their lack of culture, their lethargy. It seems strangely unprogressive to constantly air the same negative protests without offering any solutions. If they find it impossible to communicate, why don’t they shut up rather than incessantly plague us with anachronous clichés of complaint? And does not writer Jon Ruddy realize whilst he is attacking the inattentive audiences at Stratford, that if theatre hadn’t always been a social event through the ages, from Aristophanes and earlier dowrn to modern times, there would never have been any culture to hand down to us? I am sick to death of hearing columnists and social critics besiege normal, sound, lax-paying Canadians for merely "being, while a bunch of malcontented, uncontributing, overgrown, well-fed children are eulogized and placed on pedestals for merely "existing"—if suffocating

in a haze of yellow smoke can even be termed existing. What is seriously saddening. though, is that you feel obliged to devote six pages of an otherwise informative and discerning magazine to a bunch of spoiled kids to whom publicity can only be encouragement. The most tragic point of all is that many of these kids have fine minds, creative ideas and the ability to contribute not only to themselves, but to a country in dire need of all the development it can get. if only they could shake loose from the ridiculous myth of being misunderstood. If they could just stop dumping their traumatic experiences on anyone who'll listen and realize the world has problems, too. maybe they could join the human race, instead of being ineffectually defiant. — RUTH SWAY/r. FOR I FRIT. ON I .

Judgment on Layton

Re The Man Who Copyrighted Passion: Words that would fit the bulk of [poet] Irving Layton's products can be found in Macbeth, Scene I: "Fair is foul, and foul is fair: / Hovier through the fog and filthy AIR."-M. T. MCRAF. TORONTO

Mayor Juba replies

On behalf of the residents of Winnipeg. I strenuously object to the article in your Nov. 1 issue entitled The Offbeat Nags In The Nov. 8 Race (Reports), referring to North Winnipeg riding as a breeding ground for lawbreakers and indicating that people of Ukrainian descent fear and hate the police. Both statements are false and defamatory.

STFPHFN JURA, MAYOR. W1NNIPFU

Maclean's is fully conscious of the many ways in which Canadian life has been enriched by generations of citizens of Ukrainian descent, in Winnipeg North as throughout Canada. We regret that the passage in quest ion should have been open to the interpretation placed on it by Mayor Juba and others.

No “slaughter” in the Mackenzies

I find your report on the proposal to open the Mackenzie Mountains to sport hunting (Slaughter In The NWI'sMackenzies. Reports) disturbing on three counts. First. I object to the sensationalism, second the report pays only lip service to the other point of view, and third, there is a question of professional ethics involved.

First, the use of the loaded word "slaughter" in the title does not seem to be substantiated in the report. Your reporter mentions four outfitters and fifty clients. Since hunters are never one hundred percent successful, the kill will almost certainly be less than fifty of each of the species mentioned. To put this in perspective, the area involved is enormous—of the order of fifty thousand square miles. We are speaking of a harvest of one dall sheep, one bear, etc., per one thousand square miles. Hardly a slaughter!

Second, you imply that the decision to open the Mackenzie Mts. was based entirely on Donald Flook’s eight-day aerial continued on page 41

1N41 AILBAG If it's "slaughter," prove it I New course for Canada needed in Vietnam

continued from page 7

survey. In fairness, it should have been mentioned that Mr. Flook lived at Ft. Simpson. NWT, for four years in the 1950s during which time he traveled extensively in the Mackenzies. He is one of a handful of men who can claim knowledge of the east slopes of the Mackenzies. In addition, of course, other members of the Canadian Wildlife Service and the NWT Game Administration have visited the area from time to time, so that the amount of information available on which to base a decision is vastly more than you implied.

Your reporter has not adduced one shred of evidence to suggest that the game populations in this region could not support a regulated harvest. He has leaned heavily on the unsubstantiated allegations of Mr. AÍ Oeming, proprietor of a private zoo that he calls the Alberta Game Farm. I think no one would deny that Mr. Oeming is an "expert zookeeper” who has done a great deal to educate the general public in conservation matters. But an expert zookeeper, even with a university degree in zoology, is not ipso facto an “expert zoologist.” Furthermore, expert zoologists these days come in many flavors and most of them would claim no special competence in the field of wildlife management.

On the question of professional ethics: we are dealing here with an accusation of professional incompetence made by a zookeeper against a wildlife scientist. I have attempted to show that the accusation has no substance, but what redress is available to the scientist whose reputation has been damaged? As for the mass

media. I suppose one can only hope that they will some day accord the same courtesy to the professional scientist that they now seem to reserve for doctors and lawyers.—w. A. FULLER, ASSOCIATE

PROFESSOR, DEPT. OF ZOOLOGY, UNIVERSITY OF ALBERTA. EDMONTON

Beware if bare

Hats off to Police Chief Gérard Girard of Quebec City, who is crusading against women wearing shorts (Quebec’s New Crime Wave: Bare Thighs, Reports). It’s high time someone had the courage to deal with the naked women of our nation. In a recent letter to Mailbag, a reader observed "that the proper business of the police is the prevention of crime.” He hit the nail right on the head, for in reports given by the FBI it is shown that most of the rape attacks are committed against women scantily

clad.—OLGA EPP, GOULDTOWN. SASK.

Our Man In Saigon

Congratulations on Our Man In Saigon, describing the work of James Blair Seaborn with the International Commission For Supervision And Control of the ceasefire. It closely follows my observations in Vietnam from August 1963 to March 1964, when I taught English in a private high school in Saigon and did voluntary work for Foster Parents’ Plan whose Saigon office is directed by Elizabeth Brown, a Canadian doing a superb

job. Incidentally, the little girl in your picture is not selling “cookies." but the hearts of sugarcane, a candylike confection. Seaborn is quoted as giving the population of the South as six million— an obvious misquote for sixteen million.

—M. W. N1CHOL, TORONTO

* Your interview with J. Blair Seaborn, Canada’s representative on the International Control Commission in Vietnam, clearly illustrates the change in Canada’s policy toward that country since the advent of the Pearson government. In the past, Canada played an objective role as one of the three members of the truce commission, feeling that her first duty was to uphold the principles of the Geneva Agreement of 1954 and to carry out her committments under the Military Cease-fire Agreement. Thus the Canadian representatives did not hesitate to condemn the South Vietnamese regime, and even the United States, for open violations of the agreement, as well as to condemn the Hanoi government. But this is no longer the case. Prime Minister Pearson. External Affairs Minister Paul Martin and Mr. Seaborn all think Canada’s proper role on the ICC should be as a spokesman for the United States. There no longer is any criticism of the South Vietnamese government or the United States, as can be seen by reading the Canadian Minority Report of February 1965 and the recent speeches by Pearson and Martin. You quote Mr. Seaborn as saying that there is “still some useful work to be done” in Vietnam. There certainly is. But it

cannot be done while Mr. Seaborn is our (or rather, the U.S.?) representative on the ICC, and it cannot be done until the Pearson government returns to the correct policy of objectivity and responsibility to the Geneva Agreements. —

JOHN W. WARNOCK, JR.. ASSISTANT PROFESSOR, DEPT. OF ECONOMICS AND POLITICAL SCIENCE, UNIVERSITY OF SASKATCHEWAN, SASKATOON

School for scandal?

Re How Diplomats Will Be Made, Not Born, Reports: So now the taxpayer will be saddled with the expense of a school to teach politicians how to be successful crooks.— MRS. G. HALL, VANCOUVER

Reports of its death premature?

Bad marks for Alan Edmonds and his sensationalized Death Of A Great Lake. He quoted only enough of biologist Robert Ferguson to suit his own ends. Last spring, in a television documentary. Dr. Ferguson, a respected researcher who studies fish life in Erie for the Ontario government, made the following pertinent points, which the crapehanging Edmonds either missed or ignored: The so-called “dead water” area in central Lake Erie was discovered just ten years ago. Scientists have no idea how long it had been forming each summer before they discovered it. Dr. Ferguson earnestly believes that he will never live continued on page 42

to see Erie become a “dead lake.” He said, “Lake Erie today is far from dead.” I here are possible factors responsible for the changing ecology of Lake Erie other than an increase in organic pollution. For example. Dr. Ferguson suspects that a continental warming trend depleted the whitefish because the lake now freezes too late and thaws too early to protect shallow spawning beds from storms. I could go on, but the rest of the point is made by the one comment F'dmonds did use: we don’t know

enough about the Great Lakes. There is much to be done, and there is time to save the lakes if we act now. We cannot act if (he public is sold on the idea that Erie is already DEAD.-MICHAEL WOODWARD, CFPL-TV, LONDON, ONT.

Alan Edmonds replies: “Mr. Wood-

ward’s error is in assuming Dr. Ferguson is the final authority on Lake Erie. Dr. Ferguson is an able and dedicated man, but he works alone on the lake and would, I suspect, readily admit his facilities are not of the best. 1 respect his conclusions—which, in talks with me, did not seem as firm as Mr. Woodward suggests — but against them must weigh the mass of evidence gathered by competent U. S. scientists and other highly respected Canadian authorities. My article, I believe, accurately reflected conclusions by responsible experts based on existing, but admittedly incomplete, knowledge. Dr. Ferguson was not quoted out of context: he was quoted as a marine biologist about the undisputed decline in the quality of Lake Erie fish.”

Bonnets covers many heads

In The Sports Establishment, Jack Batten says Trans-Canada Corporation Fund “owns” Blue Bonnets Race Track in Montreal. Blue Bonnets is a public corporation whose shares are traded on the Montreal Stock Exchange; consequently, there are probably thousands of “owners” of Blue Bonnets. Probably what Batten meant was that Trans-Canada Corporation Fund controls Blue Bonnets by holding a majority of shares.

GERALD FRIEDLANSKY, MONTREAL

Where would the farmer be?

Perhaps L. L. Ball, of Yorkton, Sask., who so sharply criticizes the Canadian Wheat Board (Mailbag), never had to sell No. 1 wheat at nineteen cents per bushel and buy it back in the spring for $1.45 per bushel for seed. Had western farmers not organized to get the wheat pool and then the CWB, it’s anybody’s guess where western agriculture would be today. Before the wheat pool and CWB came into being western farmers were subjected to the most unscrupulous iniquity of all time, placed upon them by big business and line elevator companies.-F. HARDIE, OYEN, ALTA.

The Big (Local) Airport

Regarding Robert Thomas Allen’s excellent article on Toronto airport, it could be pointed out that the title, The Big Airport, was more appropriate than the given name of Toronto International Airport. How can it truly be called international when it is not served by carriers from Belgium, France, Germany, Holland, Italy, Scandinavia or Switzerland, as are not only Montreal and New York but, to varying degrees. Boston, Philadelphia, Detroit, Chicago, Washington. Houston and Los Angeles? Out of eighteen or so International Air Traffic Association carriers on the north

Atlantic, only three—two Canadian and one British—fly into Toronto International. Add to this one U. S. carrier and one from Mexico and I believe you have the full extent of the international operation of The Big Airport. One of the consequences is that from Toronto one cannot board a nonstop flight to any European city other than London and one a week in each case Lisbon, Madrid and Rome. Torontonians can surely be proud of their airport, but not as much of the international air services available.

R. LHOUMEAU, INTERNATIONAL AIR TRAFFIC ASSOCIATION, MONTREAL

Reader Lhoumeau is correct as to which scheduled flights come into Toronto, and which do not, although many charter flights of all lines use Toronto airport. Continuing Canadian government policy is to protect Air Canada’s TorontoMontreal flights. Thus most foreign flights are permitted to go only to Montreal: passengers for Toronto must there board Air Canada.

Old MacDonald’s with it

In your Editorial, Old MacDonald's Had His Farm Vote, you write, “Yet farmers’ children are receiving the poorest education in Canada.” I disagree. For instance, the larger school units of Saskatchewan provide farmers’ children with as good education as given in any city school in Canada. You also write, "Assistance must be given to relocate farm families.” Have you not heard of the Prairie Farm Rehabilitation Act of 1935? They started moving farmers from marginal lands shortly after the act was passed, and the marginal lands were made into large community pastures. Remarkable results have been attained. Several governments, provincial and federal, have been responsible for the progress made. Praise and encouragement are due them for their aggressive, realistic measures, and to the common people who have taken part in the plans.—H. D. AITKEN, TORONTO

2k Maclean’s bellicose Editorial declares, “This is the Canadian farmer’s last election ... he has always had more than his share of power at the polls.” But did he ever get what he earned or deserved? It was most always a city man who got elected—the odd country man got small chance to have a say, though a farmer, generally, knew enough to vote for a good man if there was a choice. If farmers got the benefit of all they produced, instead of the city taking the hog’s share, they could stay on their farms. Meat packers and cream, cheese and butter makers should have their businesses out in the rural sections where the rural people and councils would profit from them.

E. L. SHEARE, INDIAN RIVER, ONT.

Save animals, or save mankind?

Mrs. A. M. Graham protests the use of “innocent” animals for laboratory research (Mailbag). Does the chop, chicken or cutlet I serve for dinner come from any “more guilty” or “less innocent” animal than the rat or dog used in research? Is its death any less “agonizing”? I can only conclude that Mrs. Graham is a vegetarian, has never had a pill prescribed or an operation performed, has never and will never own a fur coat and has endowed all animals with human vices and virtues. Should she ever advocate a campaign for the eradication of sickness, starvation and suffering of mankind, I will get on her bandwagon.

MRS. R. E. PLATER, NANAIMO, BC ★