Public eye / One language: English?
YOUR EDITORIAL, Private Life In The Public Eye, was splendid. My father was in "the public eye” a great deal, being an MD, coroner, and for 15 years Liberal MP for North Wellington. He was fond of saying that “if a man gets into the public eye he should not turn out to be a cinder.”
ANGUS BLAIR, ALLISTON, ONT.
Justice for the Eskimos!
Thanks to Farley Mowat for bringing the tragedy of Soosee and her family to our attention (The Executioners). What has happened to our Canadian sense of justice and humanity? We support faraway causes, but we turn a blind eye to the extermination of our own Eskimos. Let us, for once, rise out of our soft easy chairs and try to bring some measure of redress to these unfortunate victims of the white-man’s greed. Flood the Department of Northern Affairs with letters asking that Shooyook be pardoned. and send stern notes to the Hudson’s Bay Company demanding that the remaining Cape Dorset people be returned to the homeland they long for. MRS. A. M. HEWITT. TORONTO
One Canada, one language?
Re your Editorial How Not To lie A Separatist: Just as the larger part of French-speaking Canadians were born in Quebec, "within a culture of their own." so also a large part of BC’s Chinese were born here, "within a culture of their own.” The forefathers of our Ukrainians and Mennonite Germans left their homelands much less voluntarily than many of the French-speaking Canadians' forefathers. Therefore, your Editorial should have urged all Canadians to learn not only English and French, but Cantonese. Ukrainian. German — and even the native Indian languages — as well. Preferably, however. Canada — with or without Quebec — should use only English. Why? Because Canada needs a strong voice backed up by the essential agreement of her people in international affairs. That agreement can only arise out of the common interests within a single culture, and language is the preservative of a distinct culture. Hence there is room for only one language, which ought to be the one more popular in Canada, North America, and the world — English.
DAVID F. HOLM, VICTORIA
T As a Canadian - born Ukrainian. 1 strongly protest against your assimilationist attitude. My grandparents did not come to Canada "to leave their ancestral language and culture behind them.” On the contrary, they came to a free country to preserve both, and 1. like many other Ukrainians "born here within a culture of our own," am proud of our cultural contribution to Canada. Alter all. only Indians and Flskimos are entitled to be called real Canadians.
DR. D. KUK. TORONTO
T How can Quebeckers feel contented to isolate themselves from the great flood of communication arising on this English-speaking continent? Why do not the people of Quebec follow the example of the Scotsman? He, too, was a member of a distinct nation with a different language. By learning the language of the majority, he took his place in the leadership of the Union and car-
ried his culture to the four corners of the earth. This he would never have done had he stuck to Gaelic.
S. E. PARKER, VANCOUVER
T Your Editorials have always been stimulating, concise, informative, and timely. This one is the first clear explanation I've read of the issues in FrenchCanadian separatism.
MRS. MARY FRANCIS, EDMONTON
T The impression left, that instruction in French is not available outside Quebec. is erroneous. There are at least two French communities outside Quebec, St. Vital. Man., and Penetanguishene, Ont., in the latter of which public-school studies are conducted in French every alternate year.
HEATHER LINDSAY, TORONTO
T It's getting a little sickening, following your usual line of begging, pleading the sacred cause of biculturalism. You may as well quit crying in your beer, because we are just not buying the bicultural product here in the west. For one thing it is not necessary. It should be apparent to anyone that no amount of compromise will help keep Quebec in Confederation. Let them secede — they are going to anyway.
W. A. WYNI S. PORTAGE LA PRAIRIE, MAN.
How terribly exciting to find Joyce Davidson on Maclean’s cover! Really, now. are there not other Canadians more worthy of coverage? What has Joyce Davidson ever constructively done for Canada? — MBS. LOUISI: CURVÁIS, SI.
T It was with disgust that 1 saw your cover feature an article on Joyce Davidson. T he only good point is that she is becoming an American citizen.
E. MORGAN. VANCOUVER
T You certainly run the gamut in Maclean's. Compare Farley Mowat's beautiful prose, his tragic and provocative story on the Eskimos (The Executioners) with the entirely forgettable piece on Joyce Davidson and her pewter doorknobs. - MRS. M. H. ROLFE, VANCOUVER
T Beauty is not everything, and does not cover all faults. However, she seems to have the last laugh, and 1 for one wish her and her husband happiness and all the best in her new life.
MRS. SAUNDERS. OSIIAWA, ONE.
What should Dief have done?
It seems that any stick will do to beat John Diefenbaker with. In Backstage At Ottawa (Reports), Blair Eraser reproaches him because, when the amorous adventures of Sévigny were revealed to him as well as the fact that no breach of security was involved, the prime minister did not publicly humiliate him and dismiss him with scorn from his cabinet. If Diefenbaker had. in fact, publicly exposed Sévigny at that time, what a howl of indignation, what accusations of persecution would have been uttered by Fraser. The smearing attempt to link this with the Profumo affair is quite groundless; there definitely was a security risk in the Profumo affair; which was not present in the Munsinger case. — R. J. c. DAVIS, VANCOUVER
Best hope: a good lawyer / Science up a tree / Understand?
1 was most interested in the Editorial, When A Man's Life Hangs On A Jury's Heart-Strings. There is another feaHire of courtroom procedure pertinent to the one set out: the relative skill and experience of the opposing lawyers. The prisoner’s best hope is a skilled criminal lawyer; there are many, but their fees are often beyond the financial capacity of the prisoner on trial. A man's life may hang on a jury's heart-strings, but the lawyer plays the strings.
F. MCARTHUR, TORONTO
I wish 1 could compliment you on your coverage of The Isaacs Gallery Mixed Media Concerts (When Is A Happening Nat A Happening?). Instead. I have to voice a strong protest. If your reporter. Carol Gregory, had done some homework on happenings, she would have realized that the Tribute to e. e. cummings had nothing whatsoever to do with this specific art form. Consequently her statement that I "invented a new kind of Happening especially for the Outs” is totally untrue. Neither did I ever call the mixed-media concerts No-Happenings — in itself a totally meaningless term. She states. "It's hard at a NoHappening to say where one presentation ends and another begins, but some time soon after that (a dance to music by John Cage) other performers got involved in a cummings morality play entitled Santa Claus." How can she stand by this statement when Sania Claus was both preceded and followed by an intermission? She states that during Santa Claus “in one corner of the stage, kasemets and Paul kilburn interpreted other Cage compositions on their pianos.” and that “the effect . . . was enhanced by the kasemets and Coughtry voices, their own abandoned dancing and several wild indescribable vocal sounds — both taperecorded and live.” I here was no piano playing during Santa Claus; Paul kilburn was in no way involved in this portion of the program; at no time throughout the evening did Coughtry or I do anything that cotdd be described as a dance; no tape-recorded sounds were used in Simla C laus. How can she state that “the final tribute to c. e. cummings” was a “little ditty called What's New?’’? The final tribute was a new substantial composition by Graham Coughtry, called Dance Setting Tor I wo Poems By e. e. cummings.
UDO KASI M1IS. TORONTO
Maple’s not neglected
In We’re Saps Not Jo Tap More Trees (Reports), Sheila H. kicran states that the Quebec Department of Agriculture does "the only maple research in Canada.” This is somewhat misleading as chemical - biological investigations have been carried out on various aspects of the maple tree at the National Research Council in Ottawa and at Queen’s University in kingston. As well, many studies have been made of the maple in conjunction with the puip-and-paper industry. JOSEPH E. TRENNIS, KINGSTON, ONT.
A dog’s worst friend
Re Should Pound Hounds Die So We Can Live? (Reports): How can you assume that these sadistic laboratory experiments (five thousand dogs a year used in Ontario) can have anything to do with prolonging the life of mankind? The dog is known as the friend
of man: but man is no friend to the dog. The world is waiting for doctors to condemn the wholesale and horrible slaughter of harmless animals.
DAVID S. CHRISTIE. OTTAW A
Two languages, same words?
Re Pierre Beaudry's Argument. Yeah.
IVe Speak Some Slang But Your Lingo's Ci or Thingumajigs And Watchamacallits In It. Too; We must continue to teach the two languages, but is there not something else that we can do? If we accept the condition that living languages are changing languages, can we not do something to accentuate the similarities in the two languages? One thing that we
can do is use the same new word in both languages. With the increase in mass communication, especially TV. the people of the world are starting to think the same and express themselves in the same way. If we think the same, express ourselves in the same general manner and start to use the same new words. 1 can see the English and French languages drawing closer together, and maybe 50 years from now our children will wonder why there was a language problem.-JOHN H. IGLESIAS. MAT AGAMI, QUE .
MAILBAG continued PEI standards: the best
I have just read Why There's No National Driving Test (Reports). by Nathan Dreskin. I agree with the suggestion that a Standard Driving Test is desirable. Compare tests given by the different provinces and you become aware that the present tests are basically very close to a Standard Test. Administrators in all provinces have been working toward this goal for a number of years. I take particular objection to the statement, “Examinations in Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland arc rated unsatisfactory . . .” There are no shortages of trained examiners in this province and the tests given are uniform in all testing centres within this province. It is my considered opinion that Prince Edward Island is not lagging behind, but, rather, that some of the other provinces have not as yet come up lo the standards in effect in Prince Edward
Island. - .). A. GALLANT, REGISTRAR OF
MOTOR VEHICLES, MOTOR VEHICLE DIVISION. DEPARTMENT OF PROVINCIAL SECRETARY, CHARLOTTETOWN
Reporter Dreskin replies: "The opinion to which Mr. dallant takes exception is not mine, hut came from Mr. Arch Bryce, executive director of the Canadian Highway Safety Council until his recent retirement (he has since taken a position with the Ford Motor Company of Canada).”
Why spare hockey?
Re your recap of the Seven Days dispute (Let's Take It Slowly From The Top, Reviews): Although the show leads the ratings on many TV stations, CBC wants the program’s teeth removed. It is a wonder the CBC permits us still to have hockey games on TV — after all, they have high ratings also.
JOE J. PARUCH, SYDNEY, NS
Not enough recognition?
It was interesting to read your selections from John Robert Colombo's “poems” constructed from William I.yon Mackenzie’s own writings (Scratch A Rebel, l-'ind A Poet). As a boy in school T have always been a staunch admirer of that great Canadian patriot, all too frequently referred to as “The Little Rebel.” I have always felt that he, like Papineau, never received the recognition he so richly deserved.
DAN BARRETT-, LONDON, ONT.
A BA by any other name?
Marie Goff's comparison of Canadian and American education in Mailbag disturbs me because of its excessive generalization. Like Miss Goff, I took my BA in Canada, my master's and doctor’s degrees came from Harvard. I have taught in several American universities, and I do not share her view that the Canadian BA is infinitely superior to the American. Also, the implied superiority of Canadian education over the American does not appear to be believed by the United Kingdom. The Robbins Report on higher education, generally adopted by the British government, recommended education policies based on American methods. On the secondary level, a recent television program by the National Education Television Network compared American and British secondary education and forecast a broad movement toward comprehensive high schools in England, derived completely from the American concept.
JOHN S. EWING, LOS ALTOS. CALIFORNIA
A hand for the reeve
Your article on Simon Fraser University (The Knowledge Explosion) was most interesting, but a very important fact was omitted. The person directly responsible for its location — the most beautiful, probably, in the world — was Burnaby’s reeve, Alan H. Emmott. Reeve Emmott, overcoming both opposition and apathy, spark - plugged the drive to donate the mountain land to the university, thus making real estate previously unused into an asset worth millions. - E. w. NORMAN, VANCOUVER
Later, another duel
1 beg to differ with your lively article entitled "You're A Damn Lying Scoundrel!” which claims the date of the last fatal duel fought in Canada was 1833. My great-grandfather, Abraham Joseph, who lived in Quebec City, wrote in his diary of another which occurred May 23. 1838: “Today's steamboat put us in possession of very melancholy news which had caused a gloom in Montreal. Major Warde of the Royals (Regiment) was shot in a duel with Robert Sweeney. Rumors, of course are numerous and various . . . Major Warde and the Sweeneys were on very intimate footing — the quarrel no doubt arose from some remarks made to or about the female part of Sweeney’s family . . . The meeting took place on the New Race course yesterday morning at five o’clock. Sweeney shot Warde directly above the hip — the ball coming out on the opposite side and lodged in his left arm — poor Warde never spoke after the shot was fired — he jumped some height and fell dead — thus ends the life of a splendid man and brave soldier.” This was the last fatal duel that 1 can find recorded, but there were probably others. A lady was always the cause!
ANNETTE R. WOLFF, MONTREAL
Just one marriage
Re your Editorial, We Can kind The Holy Deadlock Without Becoming Reno: As a Roman Catholic, I must take issue with your statement, “Roman Catholics now admit the rediscovery of ancient church laws that once recognized the ‘spiritual death' of a marriage and gave a blessing to the innocent in a second marriage.” I believe you are thinking not of Roman Catholic tradition, but of an Orthodox modern innovation — not universally accepted by Orthodox churches. Catholics may marry only once while their spouse is living, as expressed in Holy Scripture. However, a so-called “marriage” may be annulled if it was not a true marriage in the eyes of God (if, for instance, either partner was forced into the contract, or if one or both did not intend to marry as God requires). Divorced Catholics, it shoidd be stressed, may not remarry while their husband or wi-fc is living.
R. B. D. TERRY. VANCOUVER
The IQ clan
With reference to your article Are Summer Bahies Brighter'! (Reviews) concerning Mensa, the international society (12.000 members in 60-odd countries), where the only criterion of membership is a tested level of intelligence (IQ) in the top two percent of the population: any of your readers interested in possible membership may write to me, and 1 shall dispatch a brochure and application form.
GEORGE VARNAI. CANADIAN REPRESENTATIVE, MENSA INTERNATIONAL GENERAL COMMITTEE, 4200 BOURRE I AVE., MONTREAL 29, QUE. ★