March 21 1983


March 21 1983


DIED: Donald Maclean, 69, one of the infamous group of British intellectuals who spied for the Soviet Union and whose activities caused a furore in the British Secret Service when they were discovered in 1951; in Moscow, of cancer. The son of a Liberal party cabinet minister, Maclean met fellow spies Guy Burgess and Harold (Kim) Philby during their Cambridge University days in the 1930s. The Soviets recruited the men, who believed they represented the ideological vanguard of a Communist revolution, through the services of art history Prof. Sir Anthony Blunt. Maclean went on to the British Foreign Office in 1934. One of his most damaging betrayals came in Washington between 1944 and 1948, when he was first secretary at the British Embassy and then joint secretary of the U.S.-British policy committee on atomic development. In May of 1951 Maclean and Burgess learned that the British Secret Service was closing in on them. The two defected to Moscow (Philby followed in 1963), where Maclean worked at the Institute of World Economic and International Relations.

DIED: Sir William Walton, 80, the irreverent but patriotic British composer who is renowned for such works as his 1931 oratorio Belshazzar’s Feast, the opera Troilus and Cressida and two coronation marches, the Crown Imperial (1937, written for the coronation of King George VI) and Orb and Sceptre (1953, for the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II); at his home on the Italian island of Ischia, of a heart attack.

DIED: Faye Emerson, 65, a Broadway and film actress who was best known as the hostess of a number of early television shows and a panelist on I’ve Got a Secret; of cancer, in Majorca, Spain. Emerson was married three times, once to bandleader Skitch Henderson and once to Elliott Roosevelt, the son of former U.S. president Franklin Delano Roosevelt.

DIED: Soviet-born composer and conductor Igor Markevitch, 70, writer of the cantata The Flight of Icarus (with French poet Jean Cocteau) and the ballet Paradise Lost, and conductor of symphony orchestras in Montreal, Paris, Boston and Madrid; after a heart attack, in an Antibes, France, hospital.

DIED: Galip Balkar, 47, the Turkish ambassador to Belgrade, Yugoslavia; in hospital, after being shot by two gunmen as his car was travelling through the centre of the capital. Two Armenians, one seriously wounded by a security man were arrested. Handling bulk food

How long will it be before the recommendations regarding the selling of bulk foods will be enforced (Bulk Food: Breeding Ground for Concern, Consumerism, Feb. 14)? How much will it cost to police the many bulk-food outlets? And who is going to pay for the monitoring, staff training and new-fangled containers? The consumer, that’s who! I thought the whole point of bulk food dispensaries was to save money on our grocery bills. Bulk food is a backward step in food-handling.

—JIM RUDYK, Mississauga, Ont.

Without a single scrap of evidence or fact, innuendo is used to condemn costsaving bulk foods. Many countries with far better health track records than Canada’s reject the high cost of overpackaged food and distribute a great amount of it in bulk. Can you imagine a warm French baguette or croissant packed in a plastic bag? Tim Roark and his ilk would serve the public better if they devoted more of their attention to the harmful additives that are in our food. In passing, cigarettes are beautifully and hygienically packaged, are they not? —CY RELPH,

Sidney, B.C.

Self-reliance in the North

University of Toronto graduate student Joyce Gould’s claim that Will and Pat Steger “didn’t seem to have a knowledge of the North or a proper appreciation of the environment” is absurd (Arctic Survival or Theft? Canada, Feb. 14). I got to know the Stegers, who teach winter survival in Minnesota, during my geological work on Ellesmere Island last summer. These people exemplified self-reliance and hardiness in a hostile environment more than almost anyone else I met in the Arctic. Will Steger and a male companion, in a remarkable achievement, travelled 1,300 km from Baker Lake to Resolute by dogsled, starting out in the middle of the continuously dark Arctic winter, across open ice and unknown territory lacking not only trees but well-defined landmarks, ending up in the high Arctic in early summer. If he does not have a knowledge of the North or an appreciation of the environment, then nobody does. Will and Pat Steger may have relied a little too heavily on friendly “natives” in their travels in northern Canada but they did so with the same degree of confidence that many of us do when travelling in inaccessible or dangerous parts of their country. At Tanquary Camp, 90 km southwest of Lake Hazen, Pat and Will made use of facilities, food and equipment—abandoned by government and private expeditions since the early 1960s—to the same degree as did other visitors, including a party from Parks Canada, a group of men travelling under the auspices of the Canadian Armed Forces, our Royal Ontario Museum party, a scientist from the University of Sheffield and personnel from the Geological Surveys of Greenland and Canada. It would have been inhospitable and indecent to deny the Stegers the use of these materials, particularly since they were travelling on foot with pack dogs, while the rest of us did it the painless way, in Twin Otters and Bell Rangers. The two university students were way off base in their judgment.

—PETER H. VON BITTER, Curator in Charge, Department of Invertebrate Palaeontology, Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto

Playboy and pornography

I am writing in reference to a Canada article entitled A Hard Choice for Viewers in the Jan. 31 issue. In that article there is a statement made by Don MacPherson, head of First Choice Pay TV, that I find rather presumptuous and insulting. MacPherson, in his bid to justify the desire of First Choice to run soft porn on weekend evenings, states that “Nobody considers Playboy pornographic any more.” I want to inform MacPherson and the readers of Maclean's that I object vehemently to his ignorant, all-inclusive statement. I do consider Playboy to be pornographic. It degrades that which God intended should be beautiful and sacred in the bond of marriage.


Finding and supporting a leader

Your editors, your reporters and the columnists you publish made errors in their analyses of the Progressive Conservative party following the Winnipeg annual meeting (After Joe, What? Cover, Feb. 7). It is my belief that the leadership convention, scheduled for June, is the best possible news for both the party and our country. For two years Joe Clark attempted to overcome dissent and instil a sense of unity within the party. After two years of arduous work he managed to increase his mandate among party members by 0.5 per cent. Had he attempted to soldier on as leader, almost one-third of party members would have continued in their opposition to him. In the best interests of the party, Clark made the magnificent gesture. From now until the middle of June, Canadians will be inundated with the personalities, philosophies and visions of the various leadership candidates. The pinnacle of this activity—the leadership convention-will capture the interest of Canadians from across the country, whether they are party members or not. The key point, which has thus far been ignored by your magazine, is that the PC party will emerge stronger, more united and better prepared to fight the Liberals and New Democrats in the next election. And regardless of who wins the leadership contest, party dissidents will have but one choice: support the leader or get out.

—CHUCK COOK, MP, North Vancouver-Burnaby

With regard to the article in your magazine about Joe Clark’s wife, Maureen (Joe Clark on Trial, Cover, Jan 31), no doubt many people, myself included, are thinking that it is high time that she started to call herself by her proper name—Mrs. Joe Clark! This would be of considerable advantage to Clark’s political career, apart from the fact that it is the natural thing for a woman who loves a man sufficiently to marry him to take his name.


If the Progressive Conservatives are really serious about winning the next federal election, they must take care not to make the same mistake twice. Brian Mulroney is, in my opinion, the answer to their dilemma. Mulroney would offer Canadians an attractive alternative to a long succession of Liberal governments. This young man has what it takes. He has charisma. His radiant smile projects warmth, and his speeches are solid gold. He would be an asset not only to the Conservative party but to all Canadians. —LUCIE ROMANYCIA,

St. Louis, Sask.

Since the Western Phantom has apparently dematerialized, The Iron Man’s image has become somewhat rusty (and he has not bothered to try for a federal seat), Tiny Perfect was not a full participant in the Winnipeg backstabbing (couldn’t reach high enough) and The Easterner’s bilingualism is somewhat limited (Newfie and English), I suggest that the PCs agree to support as their leader Canada’s only living ex-prime minister. The convention is a waste of time. Moreover, I am concerned that the character assassinations practised by the media are leading us closer to a oneparty state. —JIM POST,

Nepean, Ont.

Letters are edited and may be condensed. Writers should supply name, address and telephone number. Mail correspondence to: Letters to the Editor, Maclean’s magazine, J>81 University Ave., Toronto, Ont., M5W1A7.