A bounty of educational riches

November 9 1992


A bounty of educational riches

November 9 1992



A bounty of educational riches

Each of the 45 universities in Maclean’s 1992 survey has a unique mission and distinctive role. The institutions present a broad picture of how approaches to higher education differ dramatically across the academic landscape. In the thumbnail sketches below, the year the school was founded is cited in parentheses; tuition fees are for undergraduate arts and science courses:

ACADIA: Wolfville, N.S. (1838). President: James Perkin. Full-time students-. 3,505. Part-time students: 316. Tuition: $2,625.

Originally founded as a Baptist college, Acadia now has no religious affiliation, but it does have an outstanding undergraduate honors program and an excellent studentfaculty ratio. Although small and relatively remote, Acadia has a fairly large proportion of international students from such countries as Malaysia and Libya. Chemistry professor Kelvin Ogilvie won the 1992 $100,000 Manning Award, known as “Canada’s Nobel.”

Distinguished alumni: Sir Charles Tupper, prime minister of Canada in 1896; former New Brunswick premier, Richard Hatfield.

ALBERTA: Edmonton (1906). President: Paul Davenport. Fulltime students-. 24,063. Part-time students: 4,222. Tuition: $1,610.

Canada’s second-largest university in terms of full-time enrolment, after the University of Toronto, Alberta offers an exceptional range of undergraduate courses. Its medical school and teaching hospital are renowned for ground-breaking research in diabetes. And in a city known for its icy winter blasts, the University of Alberta offers its own indoor complex of shops and residences.

Distinguished alumni: former prime minister and current Minister of Constitutional Affairs, Joe Clark; former Alberta premier Peter Lougheed; writer W. O. Mitchell.

BISHOP’S: Lennoxville, Que.

(1843). Principal: Hugh Scott. Fulltime students: 1,702. Part-time students-. 789. Tuition: $1,500.

Set in the rolling hills of Quebec’s Eastern Townships, Bishop’s draws students from each province and territory. Renowned for its school spirit, Bishop’s is committed to limiting its full-time enrolment, concentrating on undergraduates. As a result, the school has an excellent student-teacher ratio.

Distinguished alumni: Booker Prize winner Michael Ondaatje; Norman Webster, editor of the Montreal Gazette.

BRANDON: Brandon, Man. (1899). President-. Dennis Anderson. Fulltime students-. 1,651. Part-time students: 2,088. Tuition: $1,803.

Brandon established a groundbreaking program in native studies in 1971. It now offers classes on native treaties and courses in Cree, Saulteaux, Sioux and Inuit languages. Almost one-third of Brandon students are status Indians. Distinguished alumni: former NDP leader Tommy Douglas; longtime MP and parliamentary expert, Stanley Knowles.


Vancouver (1908). President: David Strangway. Full-time students: 23,220. Part-time students.7,510. Tuition: $1,860.

The sprawling, forested campus contains a golf course, Japanese gardens and a museum of anthroI pology featuring one of the world’s

best Northwest Coast Indian collections. Although noted for its strength in commerce, forestry, engineering and biotechnology, UBC offers a diverse range of courses in almost any discipline. The university has also forged strong links with the Pacific Rim, with more than 90 courses focused on Japan alone, as well as numerous joint projects and exchanges throughout Asia. Distinguished alumni: veteran CBC correspondent Joe Schlesinger; former prime minister John Turner; columnist Allan Fotheringham; B.C. Premier Michael Harcourt.

BROCK: St. Catharines, Ont. (1964). President: Terrence White. Full-time students-. 6,051. Part-time students.4,968.

Tuition: $2,105.

Nestled in Ontario’s Niagara region, Brock offers a small-town alternative to universities in Hamilton and Toronto. Most courses are taught as seminars, allowing students to debate issues in an intimate setting. Brock’s commitment to teaching was recognized this year when chemistry professor Mary

Frances Richardson was named top professor in Canada by the Council for Advancement and Support of Education.

Distinguished alumni: Christina Pochmursky, co-host at CBC Newsworld’s Business World; Karl Kaiser, co-owner and vintner of Inniskillin Wines.

CALGARY: Calgary (1966). President: Murray Fraser. Fulltime students: 17,881. Part-time students: 4,308. Tuition: $1,732.

Since becoming autonomous from the University of Alberta in 1966,

Calgary has emerged as a leadinr Canadian research university, boasts seven govemment-spoi sored research institutes called Federal Centres of Excellence, as well as numerous other research facilities, including centres dedicated to Arctic studies, space exploration and petroleum engineering. It also offers the country’s only combined engineering and humanities degree. But the university may be best known for its Olympic-calibre athletic facilities, which are arguably the best in North America. Distinguished alumni: Dr. Robert Thirsk, Canadian astronaut; Rhodes Scholar Jodi Evans, member of the 1992 Canadian Olympic basketball team; biochemist Graeme Bell, winner of the American Diabetes Association’s 1990 Outstanding Achievement Award.

CARLET0N: Ottawa (1942). President: Robin Farquhar. Full-time students: 14,970. Part-time students: 5,988. Tuition: $1,893.

Carleton was Canada’s first school to offer courses in journalism. The school now offers both undergraduate and graduate journalism programs that attract students from across the country. Drawing on its position in the nation’s capital, the university also offers excellent programs in public administration, political science, international affairs, telecommunications and Canadian cultural studies.

Distinguished alumni: Angus Reid, founder, the Angus Reid Group polling firm; Senator Joyce Fairbaim.

CONCORDIA: Montreal (1974). Rector: Patrick Kenniff. Full-time students: 13,948. Part-time students.12,122. Tuition: $1,664.

One of Canada’s most progressive universities, Concordia attracts creative undergraduates to its fine art, film and highly regarded communications studies programs. Renowned for its innovative approaches to education, Concordia was the first university in the Western world to set up joint doctoral programs with universities in the People’s Republic of China. As well, it established Canada’s first women’s studies program with the Simone de Beauvoir Institute in 1978. Distinguished alumni: novelist Mordecai Richler; Hana Gartner, cohost of CBC’s the Fifth Estate, architect/author Witold Rybczynski.

DALH0USIE: Halifax (1818). President: Howard Clark. Full-time students: 9,189. Part-time students: 1,574. Tuition: $2,415 (arts), $2,530 (science).

Known as the research powerhouse of Atlantic Canada, Dalhousie is also one of Canada’s oldest and most respected universities. Home to 13 research institutes, including the Atlantic Institute of Biotechnology and the Centre for African Studies, the school offers a wide variety of graduate programs. The prestigious law school has produced a Who’s Who of Canadian lawyers and politicians, including New Brunswick Premier Frank McKenna. Other distinguished alumni: astronaut Kathryn Sullivan, first American woman to walk in space; Prince Edward Island Premier Joe Ghiz.

GUELPH: Guelph, Ont. (1964). Acting President: Jack MacDonald. Full-time students: 12,455. Part-time students-. 1,929.

Tuition: $1,894.

Guelph has established an international reputation for its agriculture and veterinary medicine programs. As well, the university has developed innovative approaches to arts

and science education, offering degrees that focus on ecology, human settlements and international development. A first-year program called Akademia allows students to live and study together while working under a small group of instructors.

Distinguished alumni: federal NDP leader Audrey McLaughlin; singer and songwriter Jane Siberry; economist John Kenneth Galbraith.

LAKEHEAD: Thunder Bay, Ont. (1946). President: Robert Rosehart. Full-time students: 4,705. Part-time students-. 2,165.

Tuition: $1,893.

Lakehead has tailored much of its curriculum to reflect the environment and natural resource economy of Lake Superior’s north shore. The forestry7 program, for example, emphasizes sound management of northern boreal forests. Set amid the rugged wilderness of northern Ontario, Lakehead was the ideal place to establish Canada’s first

bachelor program in outdoor recreation. The university also invests heavily in its Native Access program, which brings about 750 native students to Lakehead each year.

Distinguished alumni: Ontario Liberal leader Lyn McLeod; native artist Goyce Kakegamic.

LAURENTIAN: Sudbury, Ont. (1960). President: Ross Paul. Fulltime students: 4,751. Part-time students: 2,700. Tuition: $1,894.

Officially bilingual, Laurentian awards graduating students a certificate of bilingualism upon passing a written and oral language test in their second language. Although known for its studies in mining engineering, Laurentian has become a world leader in ecological recovery research.

Distinguished alumni: Olympic gold medallist Alex Baumann; Donald Obonsawin, deputy solicitor general, province of Ontario.

LAVAL: Quebec City (1663). Rector: Michel Gervais. Full-time students: 26,779. Part-time students: 9,900. Tuition: $1,500.

North America’s first francophone university, Laval graduated many of the architects of Quebec’s Quiet Revolution. Laval offers a full range of professional degrees, attracting a large number of students from French West Africa and other French-speaking countries around the world. It places heavy emphasis on research, participating in 10 government-sponsored Federal Centres of Excellence, notably robotics and genetics.

Distinguished alumni: federal Liberal leader Jean Chrétien; poet and singer Gilles Vigneault; publishing magnate Conrad Black.

LETHBRIDGE: Lethbridge, Alta. (1967). President: Howard Tennant. Full-time students:

3,659. Part-time students-. 488. Tuition: $1,970.

A small university with a focus on undergraduate education, Lethbridge insists that its students take a mix of humanities, social science and natural science. Lethbridge also offers a four-year degree in Native American Studies, covering such issues as self-government and aboriginal economic development. Distinguished alumni: Terrance Royer, president of the Relax Hotel chain; Leroy Little Bear, legal adviser to the Assembly of First Nations.

MANITOBA: Winnipeg (1877). President: Arnold Naimark. Fulltime students: 15,495. Part-time students: 9,329. Tuition: $2,003 (general arts); $2,337 (science).

The oldest university in western Canada, Manitoba is one of Canada’s major research universities, with specialties in medicine, engineering and agriculture. As well, Manitoba has excelled in serving the needs of non-traditional students, offering non-credit professional, technical and personal-development courses to more than 15,000 people each year. It also offers a special program that encourages native students to take prerequisite courses to gain admission to medicine and dentistry. Distinguished alumni: Media guru Marshall McLuhan; former governor general Edward Schreyer; Ovide Mercredi, national chief, Assembly of First Nations.

McGILL: Montreal (1821). Principal: David Johnston. Full-time students: 20,112. Part-time students-. 7,564. Tuition-. $1,481.

Often dubbed the Ivy League school of the north, McGill draws more Americans per capita than any other Canadian university. The large number of foreign students, who come from 120 countries and make up seven per cent of total enrolment, is testament to McGill’s international reputation for excellence. Four graduates have won Nobel Prizes since 1977, and the university has produced 99 Rhodes Scholars.

Distinguished alumni: Prime Minister Sir Wilfrid Laurier; poet and musician Leonard Cohen; publishing tycoon Mortimer Zuckerman.

McMASTER: Hamilton (1887). President: Geraldine Kenney-Wallace. Full-time students: 13,479. Part-time students-. 4,133.

Tuition: $1,894.

Universities around the world, including Harvard, have used McMaster’s unique medical school as the model in redesigning their programs. After a rigorous admission process that admits applicants from non-science backgrounds, McMaster students work in small groups and examine the social and psychological, as well as biological, aspects of medical problems. Other innovations include the interdisciplinary Engineering in Society program, as well as the combined Arts and Science program, which accepted only 50 of its 1,400 applicants this year. McMaster also houses the world’s most extensive collection of Bertrand Russell’s work.

Distinguished alumni: comedian Martin Short; astronaut Roberta Bondar; Lincoln Alexander, former Ontario lieutenant governor.

MEMORIAL: St.John’s, Nfld. (1925). President: Arthur May. Full-time students: 12,352. Part-time students: 3,938.

Tuition: $1,700.

The largest university east of Montreal, Memorial is well known for its expertise in marine biology, oceanography and ice formation studies. It is also home to Atlantic Canada’s only school of pharmacy. Although centred in St. John’s, Memorial’s extensive distance learning program brings university courses to all parts of the province. Distinguished alumni: former Newfoundland premier Brian Peckford; John Fraser, editor of Saturday Night; Newfoundland Premier Clyde Wells.

MONCTON: Moncton, Edmundston and Shippagan, N.B. (1963). Rector: Jean-Bernard Robichaud. Fulltime students: 5,327. Part-time students: 2,487. Tuition: $2,050.

New Brunswick’s only francophone university is the world centre for the development of Acadian cul-

ture. Moncton was also the first university in the world to offer common-law studies in French. The Aigles Bleus, Moncton’s hockey team, have been the Canadian champs three times in the past decade. Distinguished alumni: writer Antonine Maillet; Senator and former New Brunswick premier Louis Robichaud.

MONTREAL (Université de Montréal): Montreal (1878). Rector: Gilles Cloutier. Full-time students: 28,654. Part-time students: 21,434. Tuition: $1,627.

North America’s largest francophone university has an international reputation for ground-breaking research, particularly in health sciences. With more than 50,000 students, Montreal and its affiliated engineering and business schools are able to offer a huge array of courses. Montreal draws an unusually high number of women in medicine, dentistry and veterinary studies. In fact, 59 per cent of last year’s undergraduate degrees went to women.

Distinguished alumni: former prime minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau; Sylvie Fréchette, winner of the 1992 Olympic silver medal in solo synchronized swimming; Antonio Lamer, chief justice of the Supreme Court of Canada.

MOUNT ALLISON: Sackville, N.B. (1843). President: Ian Neuibould.

Full-time students-. 1,937. Part-time students: 658.

Tuition: $2,625.

Half of the small student body arrives with averages of 80 per cent or better. The university has one of the lowest student-faculty ratios in the country and undergrads are of-

ten able to participate in research projects with faculty. Mount Allison has produced 41 Rhodes Scholars in 85 years.

Distinguished alumni: artists Alex Colville and Christopher Pratt; Senator and former Nova Scotia premier John Buchanan.

MOUNT SAINT VINCENT: Halifax (1873). President: Elizabeth ParrJohnston. Full-time students: 2,034. Part-time students-. 1,537.

Tuition: $2,295.

Established by the Roman Catholic Sisters of Charity to educate women, the school began accepting men only in 1967. But Mount Saint Vincent remains the country’s leader in providing equal opportunities for women, who make up 85 per cent of the student population. The university’s emphasis on accessibility— with flexible class times—attracts a large number of students with family and work responsibilities. Distinguished alumni: Halifax Liberal MP Mary Clancy; Dennice Leahey, senior vice-president and general manager of the Royal Bank of Canada’s Manitoba headquarters.

NEW BRUNSWICK: Fredericton and Saint John (1785). President: Robin Armstrong. Full-time students: 8,952. Part-time students: 2,796. Tuition: $2,350.

The second-oldest university in Canada, New Brunswick offers the

intimacy of a small school with the resources of a larger institution. In addition to having the only forestry engineering program in the country, New Brunswick is widely recognized for its excellence in engineering and nursing. Students can also pursue studies on the Atlantic region or Third World. Distinguished alumni: political columnist Dalton Camp; singer Anne Murray; department store mogul Fredrik Eaton.

OTTAWA: Ottawa (1848). Rector: Marcel Hamelin. Full-time students: 15,567. Part-time students: 9,415. Tuition: $1,894.

North America’s oldest and largest bilingual university, Ottawa takes its dual-language mandate seriously. In addition to offering almost all programs in both official languages, the university demands that students reach a certain level of proficiency in their second language before they can graduate. It offers excellent programs in human rights studies, public administration, political science and translation. Distinguished alumni: lawyer Maureen McTeer; Secretary of State Robert de Cotret; Alex Trebek, host of the TV show Jeopardy.

PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND: Charlottetown (1969). President: C. W.J. Eliot. Full-time students-. 2,609. Part-time students-. 873.

Tuition: $2,280.

The university has Atlantic Canada’s only veterinary program, which draws students and faculty from across the world. But its chief mandate is to serve the island population, which accounts for about 90 per cent of its enrolment. Teaching is the top priority, with small classes and regular evaluations of professors.

Distinguished alumni: TV journalist Mike Duffy; writer Lucy Maud Montgomery.

QUEBEC (Université du Québec):

Abitibi-Témiscamingue, Chicoutimi, Hull, Montréal, Rimouski, and Trois-Rivières (1968). President: Claude Hamel.

Full-time students-. 31,097. Part-time students.44,321.

Tuition: $1,320.

Part-time students outnumber those who study full-time in this unique multi-campus university. With its formal commitment to accessibility, Quebec opens its doors to almost all applicants, who can choose from the 11 institutions spread across the province. The largest campus, in Montreal, is emerging as one of the country’s most innovative and research-intensive universities. And even remote regions have access to the university through an extensive distance education program.

Distinguished alumni: Guy Julien, director general, Economic, Industrial and Commercial Development Corporation of Trois-Rivières; Louis-Marie Beaulieu, president, Groupe Desgagnés Inc.

QUEEN’S: Kingston, Ont. (1841). Principal: David Smith. Full-time students-. 13,256. Part-time students: 4,729. Tuition: $1,894.

With the highest admission standards in the country, Queen’s is Canada’s most exclusive university. In the fall of 1991, 88 per cent of all first-year students entered with at least an 80-per-cent average. The university is particularly strong in law, engineering and political science. But the campus may be even better known for its strong school spirit—with sold-out football games and a homecoming weekend that draws thousands of alumni from across the country.

Distinguished alumni: actor Lome Greene; author Robertson Davies; Derek Burney, outgoing Canadian ambassador to the United States.

REGINA: Regina (1974). President: Donald Wells. Full-time students-. 7,372.

Part-time students: 1,707. Tuition: $2,466. Regina has the West’s only journalism degree

program and the only aboriginal journalism program in the country. It is also home to the renowned Saskatchewan Indian Federated College, the country’s only native-run, degree-granting, post-secondary institution. Last year, the university opened a $ 10-million Language Institute to enhance the teaching of French and English in Saskatchewan and to produce immersion teachers to work across the country.

Distinguished alumni: TV journalist Pamela Wallin; John Hewson, leader of the Australian Liberal party.

ST. FRANCIS XAVIER: Antigonish, N.S. (1853). President: David Lawless. Full-time students-. 2,927. Part-time students: 266. Tuition: $2,450.

Prime Minister Brian Mulroney’s alma mater aims for excellence as an undergraduate teaching university—and has produced four Rhodes Scholars since 1979. Students have regular access to top professors soon after they start school. Its Coady International Institute leadership program offers a highly regarded course each year to people from more than 60 developing countries in what has become known worldwide as “the Antigonish movement.”

Other distinguished alumni: Richard Cashin, president of Newfoundland Fishermen, Food and Allied Workers Union; sportscaster Danny Gallivan; former cabinet minister Allan MacEachen.

SAINT MARY’S: Halifax (1802). President: Kenneth Ozmon. Full-time students-. 5,016. Part-time students: 2,681. Tuition: $2,340.

The university admitted only men until 1968, and remained supervised by Jesuits until 1970 when it became an independent lay institution. In addition to strong arts and science programs, Saint Mary’s is known for its master of business administration program for executives. The university is also a leader in providing resources and facilities for physically disabled students. Athletics is an important feature of campus life, with almost 70 per cent of all students participating in varsity or intramural sports.

Distinguished alumni: Gerald Regan, former premier of Nova Scotia; Neil LeBlanc, Nova Scotia’s minister of government services; Halifax Archbishop James Hayes.

ST. THOMAS: Fredericton (1910). President: Daniel O’Brien. Full-time students: 1,683. Part-time students: 215. Tuition: $1,950.

Students get the best of both worlds at St. Thomas—the intimacy of their small institution with the resources of a larger neighbor across the street, the University of New Brunswick. St. Thomas shares UNB’s library, athletic centre and student facilities. Reflecting its Roman Catholic background, St. Thomas’s liberal arts program stresses religious and humanistic elements. Distinguished alumni: Governor General’s Award-winning novelist David Adams Richards; Sheree Lynn Fitch, children’s writer.

SASKATCHEWAN: Saskatoon (1907). President: George Ivany. Full-time students-. 14,744. Part-time students: 3,410. Tuition: $2,070.

As the research centre for a province whose economy relies on farming, agricultural studies have a high profile at the University of Saskatchewan. In fact, more than three-quarters of the 2,000-acre campus is devoted to a university farm. Saskatchewan was Canada’s first university to offer programs in both agriculture and liberal arts. The university has also earned respect for its professional schools in law, medicine, nursing, pharmacy and veterinary medicine.

Distinguished alumni: former prime minister John Diefenbaker; Gov. Gen. Ray Hnatyshyn; former Supreme Court justice Willard Estey.

SHERBROOKE: Sherbrooke, Que. (1954). Rector: Aidée Cabana. Full-time students-. 9,873. Part-time students: 8,260. Tuition: $1,364.

Almost 4,000 students enrol in Sherbrooke’s cooperative work-study program, making it the largest in Quebec and second-largest in the country. The university offers a work-study option to both graduate and undergraduate students in disciplines such as business, economics and engineering. Sherbrooke’s medical school has a huge impact on the local community, playing a chief role in making it a leading research centre within Quebec.

Distinguished alumni: businessman and senator Claude Castonguay; federal Minister of the Environment Jean Charest; Laurent Beaudoin, chairman and chief executive officer of Bombardier Inc.

SIMON FRASER: Burnaby, B.C. (1963). President: William Saywell. Full-time students: 9,477. Part-time students: 7,858.

Tuition. $1,860.

Under the university’s progressive trimester system, students can start their school year in the fall, winter or spring. The 12-month schedule allows full-time students, most attending the mountaintop Burnaby campus, to achieve their degree faster than at more traditional institutions. Simon Fraser also offers co-op programs in several disciplines, including chartered accounting, communications and engineering. The modem downtown Harbour Centre campus on Hastings Street caters to part-time and evening students.

Distinguished alumni: Margaret Trudeau Kemper, ex-wife of Pierre Trudeau; runner Terry Fox; former Olympic high jumper Debbie Brill.

TORONTO: Toronto (1827). President: Robert Prichard. Fulltime students: 38,635. Part-time students.15,867. Tuition: $1,895.

Size, diversity and prestige are the hallmarks of U of T, Canada’s largest university. It has 129 academic departments, 49 libraries, 15 newspapers, eight affiliated colleges and more than 375,000 graduates. The university is known for its research prowess—it boasts chemistry Nobelist John Polanyi on staff and PhD programs in 65 disciplines ranging from aerospace science to zoology. Distinguished alumni: prime ministers William Lyon Mackenzie King and Lester B. Pearson; writer Margaret Atwood.

TRENT: Peterborough, Ont. (1963). President: John Stubbs. Full-time students.3,930. Part-time students: 1,863. Tuition: $1,895.

Teaching is the top priority and professors on average spend two hours more in class each week than the national average. As a result, students often have the opportunity to take classes in small-group seminars and workshops. Trent established the first Native Studies program in Canada.

Distinguished alumni: Rob Marland, Olympic gold medallist in rowing; writer Yann Martel.

UCCB (Cape Breton): Sydney, N.S. (1974). President: William Gallivan. Full-time students:

2,555. Part-time students: 899. Tuition: $2,375.

Canada’s youngest university offers the Atlantic region’s only under-

graduate degree in the cuttingedge field of environmental technology. The university also offers innovative training in high-tech computer-aided engineering. Students can pursue college-level diplomas as well as university degrees.

Distinguished alumni: General Lewis MacKenzie, former commander of the United Nations peacekeeping force in Bosnia-Herzegovina; David Dingwall, federal Liberal house leader.

VICTORIA: Victoria (1902). President: David Strong. Full-time students: 9,398. Part-time students-. 5,393. Tuition: $1,770.

The university offers the only law co-op program in the country. Students can also take co-op options in subjects that range from computer science to creative writing. The university is also acclaimed for its athletics program and is home to the National Coaching Institute. Distinguished alumni: writer/historian Pierre Berton; Edmonton Journal publisher Linda Hughes.

WATERLOO: Waterloo, Ont.

(1957). President: Douglas Wright. Full-time students: 18,478. Part-time students-. 6,730.

Tuition: $1,894.

With the world’s largest co-op program and more math students than any other university in the West, Waterloo has gained an international reputation. About 10,000 people, or half the student body, are enrolled in co-op; 2,300 in mathematics. Waterloo also has Canada’s only English-language school of optometry and is renowned in engineering and computer science. Distinguished alumni: Frank Clegg,

general manager, Microsoft Canada Inc.; William Reeves, Academy Award winner for computer animation.

WESTERN ONTARIO: London, Ont. (1878). President: George Pedersen. Full-time students: 22,321. Part-time students: 7,542.

Tuition: $1,894.

One of Ontario’s oldest and most prestigious universities, Western has professional schools for busi-

ness, dentistry, education, engineering, journalism, law, medicine, nursing and library and information sciences. The university is a world leader in international business education and its medical school is internationally renowned for its work in organ transplants and brain surgery. Fraternities and sororities thrive at what is often dubbed Canada’s preppiest university. Distinguished alumni: writer Alice Munro; Alberta Premier Donald Getty; former Ontario premier David Peterson.

WILFRID LAURIER: Waterloo, Ont. (1911). President: Lorna Marsden. Full-time students: 5,784. Part-time students-. 2,947.

Tuition: $1,892.

Laurier has one of the highest ratios of applicants per available places in the country. More than half of its first-year students have averages of 80 per cent or more. In addition to its highly regarded business co-op and social work programs, Laurier has carved a niche for itself in higher education with an excellent music therapy program.

Distinguished alumni: opera singer Theodore Baerg; Paul Heinbecker, Canadian ambassador to Germany.

WINDSOR: Windsor, Ont. (1857). President-. Ronald Ianni. Full-time students: 10,743. Part-time students: 5,526. Tuition: $1,894.

Windsor uses its border-town position to great advantage, offering the country’s only law program from which students graduate with both Canadian and U.S. qualifications. Students can also take credit courses at universities in neighboring Detroit. The university is home to the internationally regarded Great Lakes Institute and the Canadian-American Research Centre. Windsor also has one of Canada’s top creative writing programs, where such prominent authors as Morley Callaghan and W. O. Mitchell have been writers in residence. Distinguished alumni: Lloyd Atkinson, chief economist, Bank of Montreal; Richard Peddie, president and CEO of Toronto’s SkyDome.

WINNIPEG: Winnipeg (1877). President: Marsha Hanen. Fulltime students-. 2,977. Part-time students.4,870. Tuition: $1,980 (general arts); $2,320 (science).

Winnipeg’s writing-skills program for entering students has become a model for universities across the country. With its central location and small classes—not one has more than 250 students—Winnipeg has become an urban alternative to the suburban University of Manitoba.

Distinguished alumni: writer Margaret Laurence; federal Liberal external affairs critic Lloyd Axworthy.

YORK: Toronto (1959). President: Susan Mann. Full-time students: 25,145. Part-time students-.

16,017. Tuition-. $1893.88.

Known for its Osgoode Hall law school, space sciences and fine arts programs, York is also recognized as one of the country’s most progressive institutions in handling women’s and race-relations issues. It was the first university in Canada to set up a facility specifically designed to help victims of sexual harassment or assault and to educate the university community about those problems. It also has a centre for race and ethnic relations which lobbies for changes in course curriculums to reflect multicultural perspectives. The university has pioneered joint programs with several colleges to allow community college students to graduate with a university degree.

Distinguished alumni: criminal lawyer Clayton Ruby; Sanche Rinaldo, anchor, CTV national news; writer Neil Bissoondath. □