SPECIAL REPORT

ACADEMIC BRIEFS

Thumbnail sketches of town and gown

November 15 1993
SPECIAL REPORT

ACADEMIC BRIEFS

Thumbnail sketches of town and gown

November 15 1993

ACADEMIC BRIEFS

Thumbnail sketches of town and gown

Each university in the Maclean’s survey has a unique history, a distinct mission—and its own particular strengths. Laval, by far the oldest, is now in its fourth century. Ryerson—until this summer a polytechnical institute—is barely into its fourth month. From leafy Acadia, set on the outskirts of Wolfville, N.S., to the Université du Québec à Montréal, straddling two subway stations, the 51 institutions form a rich and diverse group.

In the thumbnail sketches below, the student numbers refer to the 1992-1993 academic year; tu# ition fees are for undergraduate arts and science courses in September, 1993.

ACADIA: Wolfville, N.S. (1838). President: Kelvin Ogilvie. Full-time students: 3,642. Part-time students: 637. Tuition: $2,915.

Founded as a Baptist college, Acadia now has no religious affiliation. What it does have: an outstanding undergraduate honors program, with all students producing a thesis or a major research project; an impressive studentfaculty ratio; and a reputation for excellence in teaching. Acadia play§ a central role in the picturesque community of Wolfville: the school’s enrolment, which includes a large proportion of international students, exceeds the town’s population.

Distinguished alumni: Sir

Charles Tupper, prime minister of Canada in 1896; photographer Freeman Patterson.

ALBERTA: Edmonton (1906); President: Paul Davenport. Fulltime students: 25,378. Part-time students: 4,297. Tuition: $2,038.

Canada’s third-largest university, in terms of full-time undergrad-

uate enrolment, Alberta offers an exceptional range of courses. Among its many faculties: agriculture, forestry, dentistry and pharmacy. Zoology professor David Schindler received the 1993 Award of Distinction from the Manning Awards Foundation. And Alberta’s medical school and mammoth teaching hospital have won renown for groundbreaking research in diabetes.

Distinguished alumni: former prime minister Joe Clark; former Alberta premier Peter Lougheed; writer W. 0. Mitchell.

BISHOP’S: Lennoxville, Que. (1843). Principal: Hugh Scott. Full-time students: 1,702. r Part-time students: 789. / Tuition: $1,500.

Set in the rolling hills of Quebec’s Eastern Townships, Bishop’s draws students from across Canada. Renowned for its school spirit, Bishop’s is committed to limiting its full-time enrolment,

concentrating on undergraduates. As a result, the school has an excellent student-teacher ratio.

Distinguished alumni: author and Booker Prize winner Michael Ondaatje; Norman Webster, former editor of the Montreal Gazette.

BRANDON: Brandon, Man.

(1899). President: Dennis .

Anderson. Full-time students:/^ 1,712. Part-time students:

2,128. Tuition: $1,893.

Brandon established Canada’s first native studies program in 1971. It now offers classes on native treaties and courses in Cree, Saulteaux, Sioux and Inuit languages. Up to one-third of Brandon students are status Indians, and the university is a leader in community-based teacher training, enabling students in northern Manitoba to obtain a degree while remaining at home. As well, Brandon has an enviable centre of musical study.

Distinguished alumni: former

NDP leader Tommy Douglas; longtime former MP and parliamentary expert Stanley Knowles.

BRITISH COLUMBIA (UBC):

Vancouver (1908). President:

David Strangway. Full-time students: 23,696. Part-time students: 6,791. Tuition: $2,040.

The sprawling, forested campus contains a golf course, Japanese gardens and a museum of anthropology featuring one of the world’s best Northwest Coast Indian collections. Although noted for its strength in commerce, forestry, engineering and biotechnology, UBC offers courses in al most any discipline. The university has also forged strong links wit the Pacific Rim, with about 90 courses focused on Japan alone, as well as numerous joint projects and exchanges throughout Asia.

Distinguished alumni: former prime minister John Turner; columnist Allan Fotheringham; B.C. Premier Michael Harcourt.

BROCK: St. Catharines, Ont. (1964). President: Terrence White. Full-time students: 6,149.

Part-time students: 4,856.

Tuition: $2,210.

Nestled in Ontario’s Niagara region, Brock offers a small-town atmosphere. Undergraduate science education is a priority at Brock.The university is also known for its Great Books Program, a four-year degree consisting of required courses in logic, rhetoric, poetics, criticism, science and Latin or Greek.

Distinguished alumni: Christina Pochmursky, co-host and executive producer at CBC Newsworld’s Business World; Karl Kaiser, coowner and vintner of Inniskillin Wines.

CALGARY: Calgary (1966). President: Murray Fraser. FulF-time students: 18,093. Part-time students: 4,502. Tuition: $2,064.

Since becoming autonomous from the University of Alberta in 1966, Calgary has emerged as a leading research university. It boasts seven government-sponsored research institutes, called Federal Centres of Excellence, as well as numerous other research facilities, including centres dedicated to Arctic studies, space exploration and petroleum engineering. It also offers the country’s only combined engineering and humanities degree.

Distinguished alumni: Dr. Robert Thirsk, Canadian astronaut; biochemist Graeme Bell, winner of the American Diabetes Association’s 1990 Outstanding Scientific Achievement Award.

CARLETON: Ottawa (1942). President: Robin Farquhar. Fulltime students: 15,663. Part-time students: 6,084. Tuition: $2,026.

Carleton offers both undergraduate and graduate journalism programs that attract students from across the country. Drawing on its position in the nation’s capital, the university also offers excellent programs in public administration, political science, international affairs, telecommunications and Canadian cultural studies.

Distinguished alumni: Angus Reid, founder, the Angus Reid Group polling firm; Arthur Kent, host of CBC’s Man Alive.

CONCORDIA: Montreal (1974). Rector: Patrick Kenniff. Full-time students: 13,803. Part-time students: 12,248. Tuition: $1,517.

Concordia attracts creative undergraduates to its fine art, film and highly regarded communications studies programs. Renowned for its innovative approaches to education, Concordia was the first university in the Western world to set up joint doctoral programs with universities in the People’s Republic of China. As well, it is home to the Simone de Beauvoir Institute, established eight years after it introduced Canada’s first women’s studies program in 1970.

Distinguished alumni: novelist Mordecai Richler; architect/author Witold Rybczynski.

DALHOUSIE: Halifax (1818). President: Howard Clark. Full-time students: 9,367. Part-time students: 1,609. Tuition: $2,655 (arts), $2,780 (science).

Known as the research powerhouse of Atlantic Canada, Dalhousie is also one of Canada’s oldest and most respected universities. Home to 10 research institutes, including the Centre for Marine Geology, the Centre for African Studies and the Health Law Institute, the school offers a wide variety of graduate programs. The prestigious law school has produced a Who’s Who of Canadian politicians and lawyers.

Distinguished alumni: New Brunswick Premier Frank McKenna; former Prince Edward Island premier Joe Ghiz.

GUELPH: Guelph, Ont. (1964). President: Mordechai Rozanski.

Full-time students: 12,605. Part-time students: 3,166.

Tuition: $2,026.

Guelph has established an international reputation for its agriculture and veterinary medicine programs. As well, the university has developed innovative approaches to arts and science education, offering degrees that focus on ecology, human settlements, international development and European studies. Guelph has also developed a series of transition programs, on such subjects as relationships and personal finance, to help students adjust to the demands of university life.

Distinguished alumni: federal NDP Leader Audrey McLaughlin; economist John Kenneth Galbraith.

LAKEHEAD: Thunder Bay, Ont. (1965). President: Robert / Rosehart. Full-time students: 5,301. Part-time students: 2,200. Tuition: $2,026.

Lakehead has tailored much of its curriculum to reflect the environment and natural resource economy of Lake Superior’s north shore. The forestry program emphasizes sound management of northern boreal forests. The university also invests heavily in its native access program and in outreach programs in nursing, teaching and engineering, which together bring about 750 native students to Lakehead each year. In 1993, Lakehead became the first Canadian university to receive the prestigious Rockefeller Foundation Humanities Fellowship, a $250,000 award granted in recog-

nition of the school’s initiative in exploring native philosophy.

Distinguished alumni: Ontario Liberal Leader Lyn McLeod; native artist Goyce Kakegamic.

LAURENTIAN: Sudbury, Ont. ^ (1960). President: Ross Paul. Fulltime students: 5,160. Part-time students: 2,713. Tuition: $2,026.

Set among rocky, forested hills, Laurentian’s scenic 750-acre campus overlooks three lakes. Officially bilingual, Laurentian awards graduating students a certificate of bilingualism when they pass a written and oral language test in their second language. Known for its studies in mining engineering, Laurentian has also become a world leader in ecological recovery research. This year, in collaboration with McMaster University and Ryerson Polytechnic University, Laurentian launched Canada’s first bachelor’s degree program in midwifery.

Distinguished alumni: Olympic gold medallist Alex Baumann; native artist Leland Bell. ^

LAVAL: Quebec City (1663). Rector: Michel Gervais. Full-time students: 25,470. Part-time students: 13,949. Tuition: $1,530.

North America’s first francophone university, Laval graduated many of the architects of Quebec’s Quiet Revolution. Still one of the province’s premier postsecondary institutions, Laval offers a full range of professional degrees. Through affiliated schools, it also offers architecture and pharmacy programs, as well as

Quebec’s only French-language forestry and agriculture degrees. Laval places heavy emphasis on research, participating in 10 government-sponsored Federal Centres of Excellence, notably robotics and genetics.

Distinguished alumni: Prime Minister Jean Chrétien; publishing magnate Conrad Black.

LETHBRIDGE: Lethbridge, Alta. (1967). President: Howard Tennant. Full-time students: /

4,380. Part-time students: 954. Tuition: $2,190.

A small university with a focus on undergraduate education, Lethbridge insists that its students take a mix of humanities, social sciences and natural science. Lethbridge is known for its Native American studies program, which offers three distinct bachelor’s degrees in arts, business management and education. The university has been working on programs with the native community for more than 15 years.

Distinguished alumni: Leroy Little Bear, former legal adviser to the Assembly of First Nations and now chairman of Native American studies at Lethbridge; Wendy Nielsen, soprano with the Canadian Opera Company.

MANITOBA: Winnipeg (1877). President: Arnold Naimark. Full. time students: 15,440. Part-time/ students: 9,723. Tuition: $2,15ir (general arts); $2,410 (science).

The oldest university in Western Canada, Manitoba is one of Canada’s major research universities, with specialties in medicine, engineering and agriculture. As well, Manitoba excels in serving the needs of many less traditional students, offering noncredit professional and management courses to more than 10,000 people each year. The university also has a special outreach program that encourages native students to study social work, engineering, nursing and education, and to enrol in prerequisite courses for medicine, dentistry and law.

Distinguished alumni: former governor general Edward Schreyer; Ovide Mercredi, national chief, Assembly of First Nations.

McGILL: Montreal (1821). Principal: David Johnston. Fulltime students: 20,219. Part-time students: 5,601. Tuition: $1,515.

Often dubbed the Ivy League school of the north, McGill draws more Americans per capita than any other Canadian university. The large number of foreign students, who come from more than 100 countries, is testament to McGill’s international reputation. The university has a strong research reputation, attracting numerous research grants in both science and the humanities. Four graduates have won Nobel Prizes since 1977, and the university has produced 101 Rhodes Scholars.

Distinguished alumni: former prime minister Sir Wilfrid Laurier; poet and musician Leonard Cohen.

McMASTER: Hamilton (1887). President: Geraldine Kenney. Wallace. Full-time students: f

13,392. Part-time students: 3,963. Tuition: $2,027.

Universities around the world have used McMaster’s unique medical school as a model in redesigning their programs. After a rigorous admission process that admits applicants from non-science backgrounds, McMaster students work in small groups to examine the social, psychological and biological aspects of medical problems. Other innovations include the interdisciplinary engineering-in-society program and the combined arts and science program, which accepted only 65 of its 1,300 applicants this year. In 1992, the university launched two “theme schools” focusing on international justice and human rights, as well as the impact of advanced materials on society.

Distinguished alumni: astronaut Roberta Bondar; Lincoln Alexander, former Ontario lieutenantgovernor.

MEMORIAL: St. John’s, Nfld. (1925). President: Arthur May. Full-time students: 13,751. Part-time students: 4,881..

Tuition: $2,000. /y The largest university east of Montreal and Newfoundland’s only university, Memorial is wellknown for its expertise in marine biology, oceanography and ice formation studies. It is also home to Atlantic Canada’s only school of pharmacy. Although centred in St. John’s, Memorial’s extensive distance learning program brings university courses to all parts of the province.

Distinguished alumni: John Fraser, editor of Saturday Night; Newfoundland Premier Clyde Wells.

MONCTON: Moncton, / Edmundston and Shippagan, N.B. (1963). Rector: Jean-Bernard Robichaud. Full-time students: 5,474. Part-time students: 2,288. Tuition: $2,152.

New Brunswick’s only francophone university is a major centre for the study of Acadian culture, and attracts Frenchspeaking students from across Canada. Moncton’s law school was the first in the world to offer

common-law studies in French and has gained widespread recognition for its research in that area. The Aigles Bleus, Moncton’s hockey team, have been the Canadian champs three times since 1980.

Distinguished alumni: writer Antonine Maillet, winner of the Prix Goncourt; senator and former New Brunswick premier Louis Robichaud.

MONTREAL (Université de Montréal): Montreal (1878). Rector: René Simard. Full-time students: 29,917. Part-time * students: 21,530. Tuition: $1,660.

North America’s largest francophone university has an international reputation for groundbreaking research, particularly in health sciences. With more than 50,000 students, Montreal and its two affiliated schools—Ecole polytechnique (engineering) and Ecole des hautes études commerciale (business)—offer a huge array of courses. Montreal draws an unusually high number of women in medicine, dentistry and veterinary studies. In fact, 64 per cent of last year’s undergraduate degrees went to women. In 1993, faculty received five of 14 Killam research fellowships awarded nationally by the Canada Council.

Distinguished alumni: former prime minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau; Sylvie Fréchette, winner

NIPISSING: North Bay, Ont. (1992). President: David Marshall. Full-time students: 1,056. Part-time students:

652. Tuition: $1,935.

Set on a 720-acre escarpment of woodland overlooking the city of North Bay, Nipissing became an independent university in 1992, after 25 years as an affiliated campus of Laurentian University in Sudbury. Nipissing offers undergraduate degrees in a variety of programs, including administrative studies, environmental geography, social welfare and education. An average class size of 30 makes for an intimate learning atmosphere, and students are actively encouraged to participate in faculty research projects. Although 350 km north of Toronto, Nipissing attracts more than a quarter of its students from southern Ontario. And it has extended its reach internationally through faculty and student projects in the Caribbean, France and Germany.

Distinguished alumnus: Ontario Conservative Leader Michael Harris.

of the 1992 Olympic silver medal in solo synchronized swimming.

MOUNT ALLISON: Sackville,

N.B. (1843). President: Ian Newbould. Full-time students:

2,011. Part-time students: 872. y Tuition: $2,890. ^

Half of the small student body arrives with averages of 80 per cent or better. And six of every 10 students come from outside of New Brunswick—the highest outof-province ratio of any university in the country. The university fosters a close-knit campus atmosphere, and undergrads are often able to participate in research projects with faculty. Mount Allison has produced 41 Rhodes Scholars in 85 years.

Distinguished alumni: artist Alex Colville; Catherine Callbeck, premier of Prince Edward Island.

MOUNT SAINT VINCENT:

Halifax (1873). President: /

Elizabeth Parr-Johnston. Full-time students: 1,962. Part-time students: 1,449. Tuition: $2,470.

Established by the Roman Catholic Sisters of Charity to educate women, the university began accepting men only in 1967. But Mount Saint Vincent remains the country’s leader in providing equal opportunities for women, who make up 85 per cent of the student population. Its emphasis on accessibility—with flexible class times and distance education—attracts a large number of students with family and work responsibilities. The school also set up an Institute for the Study of Women in 1981, a women’s studies department in 1984 and an honors program in women’s studies in 1986.

Distinguished alumni: Halifax Liberal MP Mary Clancy; Dorothy Wills, founding member of the National Black Coalition of Canada.

NEW BRUNSWICK: Fredericton and Saint John (1785). President: Robin Armstrong. Full-time students: 9,421. Part-time students: 3,074. Tuition: $2,470.

The second-oldest university in Canada, New Brunswick’s two campuses offer the intimacy of small schools with the resources of a larger institution. The university is widely recognized for its excellence in nursing and engineering—it has the only forest engineering program in the country. Students can also pursu rijdies on the Atlantic region and on Third World issues.

Distinguished alumni: political columnist Dalton Camp; singer Anne Murray.

OTTAWA: Ottawa (1848). Rector; Marcel Hamelin. Full-time students: 15,567. Part-time students: 9,415. Tuition: $1,894.

North America’s oldest and largest bilingual university, Ottawa takes its dual-language mandate seriously. In addition to offering almost all programs in both official languages, the university encourages students to become proficient in English and French before graduating. Its law school, the largest in Canada, offers civil law in French and common law in both languages. The university offers strong programs in human rights studies, public administration, political science and translation.

Distinguished alumni: lawyer Maureen McTeer; Alex Trebek, host of the TV show Jeopardy!

PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND:

Charlottetown (1969). President: C. W. J. Eliot. Full-time students: 2,724. Part-time students: 914. Tuition: $2,490.

The university has Atlantic Canada’s only veterinary program, which draws students and faculty from around the world. But its chief mandate is to serve the island population—islanders account for about 90 per cent of its enrolment. Teaching is the top priority, and professors are evaluated on a regular basis.

Distinguished alumni: TV journalist Mike Duffy; writer Lucy Maud Montgomery.

UNIVERSITE DU QUEBEC A CHICOUTIMI: Chicoutimi (19(fa). Rector: Gérard Arguin. Full-time students: 3,150. Part-time students: 4,375. Tuition: $1,530.

With a main campus located in the heart of the Saguenay-Lac-StJean region of northern Quebec, and regional centres in such cities as Alma and Sept-lles, the Université du Québec à Chicoutimi (UQAC) blankets an area of 100,000 square miles. The university offers more than 100 programs of study. Chief areas of research include mineral resources—with a special emphasis on aluminium processing—and population trends. In 1970, residents of the region established the Fondation de l’UQAC, an endowment that is now worth close to $10 million.

Distinguished alumnus: Monique Leroux, president of the Quebec Professional Association of Chartered Accountants.

UNIVERSITE DU QUEBEC A HULL: Hull (1981). Rector: Jacques A. Plamondon. Full-time / students: 2,398. Part-time students: 3,700. Tuition: $1,5$0.

The Université du Québec ä Hull (UQAH), situated on the shores of the Ottawa River, is the only unilingual francophone university in Canada’s capital region, and the only branch of Université du Québec west of Montreal. At the undergraduate level, UQAH is strong in computer science, industrial relations, accounting and social work. At the master’s level, its specialties include gerontology, industrial relations and adult education.

RYERSON: Toronto (1993). President: Terence Grier. Ful^ time students: 9,519. /

Part-time students: 11,898. Tuition: $2,026.

Canada’s first polytechnic university, Ryerson provides a unique blend of theory and practical learning. Founded 45 years ago as a technical institute, Ryerson received its charter this year, and offers 28 undergraduate degree programs in fields as diverse as applied arts, community services, engineering, applied science and business. The school is committed to meeting the needs of the workplace and its curriculum emphasizes professional relevance. The school offers Canada’s only undergraduate degree programs in radio and television arts, graphic communications management and environmental health. Along with Laurentian and McMaster, it initiated Canada’s first degree

Distinguished alumni: France Trépanier, analyst for the federal department of communications; Serge Dion, poet and host of a French-language radio show in the Ottawa-Hull region.

UNIVERSITE DU QUEBEC A / MONTREAL: Montreal (1969)/ Rector: Claude Corbo. Full-time students: 18,482. Part-time students: 23,499. Tuition: $1,530.

In the heart of Montreal’s Latin Quarter, UQAM is a truly urban school—and Canada’s fourthlargest university. It offers 175 programs, one-third at the graduate level, and has developed a strong reputation in semiology, lin-

program in midwifery this year.

With its emphasis on applied education, Ryerson has gained a reputation for producing graduates who are immediately employable in their chosen careers in business, industry and the arts. And the school’s prestigious programs draw top researchers and instructors: Roberta Bondar, Canada’s first female astronaut, heads a major space research project at the school’s Centre for Advanced Technology Education. Located in the heart of downtown Toronto, Ryerson boasts one of the largest part-time continuing education programs in the country.

Distinguished alumni: fashion designer Lida Baday; Haida artist Bill Reid; international hotelier Izzy Sharp; Jeffrey Perkins, winner of the 1991 Oscar for best sound for his work on Dances with Wolves.

guistics and atmospheric sciences. In the area of environmental science, UQAM has been a national pioneer, and is the only Canadian university to offer a doctoral program in the subject. Through three regional campuses and a program of distance learning, UQAM also serves students in 40 locations across the province.

Distinguished alumni: PierreKarl Péladeau, president of Québécor Group Inc.; Madeleine Ouellette-Michalska, Governor General’s Award-winning author.

UNIVERSITE DU QUEBEC A RIMOUSKI: Rimouski (1973). Rector: Marc-André Dionne. Fulltime students: 1,990. Part-time students: 4,338. Tuition: $1,530.

Housed in a historic Ursuline Convent in downtown Rimouski and overlooking the St. Lawrence River, the Université du Québec à Rimouski (UQAR) is the academie hub of the province’s Gaspé region. Academically, UQAR offers a wide range of programs, including ethics, literary studies and wildlife management. Its marine sciences department offers specialties in ecology and resources management, and includes a doctoral program in oceanography.

Distinguished alumnus: Denise Verreault, president of Verreault Navigation Inc.

UNIVERSITE DU QUEBEC A TROIS-RIVIERES: Trois-Rivières (1969). Rector: Jacques R. Parent. Full-time students: 5,488.

Part-time students: 6,305.

Tuition: $1,530.

With a vast campus at the junction of the major highways leading into Trois-Rivières, UQTR offers more than 100 programs of study, many unique to Quebec. Among the strongest are leisure and group dynamics, small-business management and Quebec studies. Reflecting the importance of forestry to the region, UQTR also has programs in pulp and paper sciences and a doctoral specialty in paper engineering.

Distinguished alumni: MarcYvan Coté, Quebec minister of health; Denis Morel, NHL referee.

QUEEN’S: Kingston, Ont. (1841). Principal: David Smith. Full-time S students: 13,081. Part-time / students: 3,943. Tuition: $2,026.

With the highest admission standards in the country, Queen’s is Canada’s most exclusive university. In the fall of 1992, 95 per cent of first-year students from Ontario entered with at least an 80-percent average. The university is particularly strong in law, engineering and political science. Ninety per cent of students are from outside Kingston, making Queen’s one of the most residential universities. The campus may be even better known for its school spirit—with sold-out football games and a homecoming weekend that draws thousands of alumni from across the country.

Distinguished alumni: author Robertson Davies; Derek Burney, former Canadian ambassador to the United States and now executive vice-president of BCE Inc.

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REGINA: Regina (1974).

President: Donald Wells. Full-tii students: students:

Regina has Western Canada’s only arts baccalaureate in journalism. A program in Indian communications arts prepares native students for entry into the school of journalism or to work on reserve papers. It is also home to the renowned Saskatchewan Indian Federated College, North America’s only native-run degree-granting postsecondary institution. Two years ago, the university opened a $10-million Language Institute to enhance the teaching of French and to promote and preserve French culture in Saskatchewan.

Distinguished alumni: TV journalist Pamela Wallin; John Hewson, leader of the Australian Liberal party.

ST. FRANCIS XAVIER:

Antigonish, N.S. (1853). Preéident: David Lawless. Full-time students: 2,869. Part-time students: 78. Tuition: $2,680.

Former prime minister Brian Mulroney’s alma mater aims for excellence in teaching the undergraduate. In fact, in the Primarily Undergraduate category of the Maclean’s survey, St. Francis Xavier had the highest percentage of first-year classes taught by tenured and tenure-stream professors. Its Coady International Institute offers a community leadership development course to people from more than 60 developing countries. Begun in 1959, it is named after Moses Coady, one of the two St. Francis Xavier priests who started the “Antigonish movement,” a series of self-help initiatives for Newfoundland farmers and fishermen in the 1920s.

Distinguished alumni: Richard Cashin, former president of Newfoundland Fishermen, Food and

Allied Workers Union; sportscaster Danny Gallivan.

SAINT MARY’S: Halifax (1802). President: Kenneth Ozmon. Fulltime students: 4,885. Part-time students: 2,770. Tuition: $2,6i The university admitted only men until 1968, and remained supervised by Jesuits until 1970 when it became an independent lay institution. In addition to strong arts and science programs, Saint Mary’s is known for its executive and adult development programs in subjects ranging from business to science. The university is also a leader in providing resources and facilities for students with physical

disabilities. Athletics is an important feature of campus life, with almost 70 per cent of all students participating in varsity or intramural sports.

Distinguished alumni: Neil

LeBlanc, former Nova Scotia minister of supply and services; Jay Abbass, Nova Scotia minister of labor.

ST.THOMAS: Fredericton (1910). President: Daniel O’Brien,

Full-time students: 1,75:

Part-time students: 301:

Tuition: $2,047.

Students get the best of both worlds at St. Thomas—the intimacy of a small institution with full access to the resources of the University of New Brunswick (UNB), located just across the street. St. Thomas shares UNB’s library, athletic centre and student facilities. Reflecting the university’s Roman Catholic roots, St. Thomas’s iiberal arts program stresses religious

and humanistic studies. And St. Thomas’s small size does have its own advantages: the university is able to foster strong ties among students, alumni and staff.

Distinguished alumni: novelist David Adams Richards; Sheree Lynn Fitch, children’s writer.

SASKATCHEWAN: Saskatoon (1907). President: George Ivany. Full-time students: 14,990. Part-time students: 3,652,

Tuition: $2,280.

As the research centre for a province whose economy relies heavily on farming, agricultural studies have a high profile at the University of Saskatchewan, Cana-

da’s first university to offer programs in both agriculture and liberal arts. More than three-quarters of the 2,000-acre campus is devoted to a farm, and the university is highly regarded for its work in advanced technology, having forged strong links with industry through Innovation Place, one of the 20 largest research parks in the world. Saskatchewan has also earned respect for its professional schools in law, medicine, nursing, pharmacy and veterinary medicine.

Distinguished alumni: former prime minister John Diefenbaker; Gov. Gen. Ray Hnatyshyn.

SHERBROOKE: Sherbrooke, Que. (1954). Rector: Pierre Reid. Fulltime students? 11,100. Part-time students: 7,293. Tuition: $1,545.

Almost 4,000 students are enrolled in Sherbrooke’s co-operative work-study program, making it the largest in Quebec and the second-

largest in the country. The university offers that work-study option to undergraduate students in 18 disciplines and to graduate students in business administration and economics. Sherbrooke’s medical school, a leading research centre within Quebec, has an immense impact on the local community.

Distinguished alumni: Sherbrooke Conservative MP Jean Charest; Laurent Beaudoin, chairman and chief executive officer of Bombardier Inc.

SIMON FRASER: Burnaby, B.C. (1963). President: John Stubbs. Full-time students: 10,240. Part-time students: 11,209.

Tuition: $2,040.

Under the university's progressive trimester system, students can start their school year in the fall, winter or spring. The 12-month schedule allows full-time students, most attending the mountaintop Burnaby campus, to earn their degrees faster than at more traditional institutions. Simon Fraser also offers co-op programs in several disciplines, including chartered accounting, communications and engineering. The modern downtown Harbour Centre campus on Hastings Street caters to part-time and evening students. Simon Fraser’s staff includes one of Canada’s best-known economists, Richard Lipsey.

Distinguished alumni: Margaret Trudeau Kemper, ex-wife of Pierre Trudeau; runner Terry Fox.

TORONTO: Toronto (1827). President: Robert Prichard. Fulltime students: 37,859. Part-time students: 15,577. Tuition: $2,025.

Size, diversity and prestige are the hallmarks of U of T, Canada’s largest university. It has 129 academic departments, 49 libraries, 15 newspapers, eight affiliated undergraduate colleges and more than 385,000 graduates. The university is known for its research prowess—it boasts chemistry Nobelist John Polanyi on staff and PhD programs in 67 disciplines ranging from aerospace science to zoology.

Distinguished alumni: prime ministers William Lyon Mackenzie King and Lester B. Pearson; writer Margaret Atwood.

TRENT: Peterborough, Ont. (1963). Acting President: David Morrison. Full-time students: 3,881. Part-time students: 1,821. Tuition: $2,026.

Teaching is the top priority and professors spend two hours more in class each week than the national average. Partly as a result, Trent has the smallest median first-year class size of any university in the Maclean’s survey. Trent established Canada’s first native studies program in 1969 and will begin offering its sole PhD program—in watershed ecosystems—this January. Along with nearby Sir Sandford Fleming College, Trent offers joint programs in museum studies, nursing and geographical information systems, which combines geography and cartography.

Distinguished alumni: Rob Marland’ Olympic gold medallist in rowing; writer Yann Martel.

The University College of Cape Breton (UCCB): Sydney, N.S. (1974). President: Jacquelyn Scott. Full-time students: 2,517. Part-time students: 333.

Tuition: $2,575.

Born of the union between the Nova Scotia Eastern Institute of Technology and the Sydney campus of St. Francis Xavier University, UCCB is the only postsecondary institution in Canada to grant degrees, technical diplomas and trade certificates. UCCB encourages transfer between its different programs and offers academic concentrations that provide the opportunity to study both liberal and technological courses. Home to the Atlantic region’s only undergraduate degree in environmental technology, UCCB also offers training in high-tech computer-aided engineering.

Distinguished alumni: General Lewis MacKenzie, former commander of the United Nations peacekeeping force in BosniaHerzegovina; David Dingwall, minister of public works.

VICTORIA: Victoria (1902). President: Oávid Strong. Full-time students: $(623. Part-time students: 5,705. Tuition: $1,943.

The university offers the only co-op law program in the country. Students can also take co-op options in subjects ranging from computer science to creative writing. Victoria was the first Englishlanguage Canadian university to offer a degree program in child and youth care studies. The university is also acclaimed for its athletics program and is home to the National Coaching Institute.

Distinguished alumni: Edmonton Journal publisher Linda Hughes; writer W. P. Kinsella.

WATERLOO: Waterloo, Ont. (1957). President: James Downey. Full-time students: 18,205. Part-time students: 6,346.

Tuition: $2,026.

With the world’s largest co-op program, and more mathematics students than any university in the Western world, Waterloo has an international reputation for academic excellence. Roughly 10,000 people, or more than half the fulltime student body, work in 2,400 companies worldwide. Redmond, Wash.-based Microsoft Corp., for one, has hired more computer science graduates from Waterloo than from any other university in the world. Waterloo earns an average of $2 million annually in royalty and licence income from inventions, and educational software designed by Waterloo scholars is now licensed to universities in more than 50 countries.

Distinguished alumni: Frank Clegg, general manager, Microsoft Canada Inc.; William Reeves, Academy Award winner for computer animation.

WESTERN ONTARIO: London, Ont. (1878). President: George Pedersen. Full-time students: / 22,060. Part-time students: / 7,134. Tuition: $2,026.

One of Ontario’s oldest and most prestigious universities, Western has professional schools in journalism, business, dentistry, education, engineering, law, medicine, nursing, and library and information sciences. The university

is a world leader in international business education, and its medical school is widely renowned for work in organ transplants and brain surgery. On the social side, fraternities and sororities thrive at Western—often dubbed Canada’s preppiest university.

Distinguished alumni: writer Alice Munro; former Ontario premier David Peterson.

WILFRID LAURIER: Waterloo, Ont. (1911). President: Lorna Marsden. Full-time students:

5,730. Part-time students: 3,019. Tuition: $2,024.

Laurier has the highest ratio of applicants per available places in the country. Almost three-quarters of its first-year students have averages of 80 per cent or more. Its business co-op program and graduate degree in social work are both highly regarded. As well, Laurier is renowned for its faculty of music, which has a strong emphasis on performance and features an innovative music therapy program.

Distinguished alumni: opera singer Theodore Baerg; Paul Heinbecker, Canadian ambassador to Germany.

WINDSOR: Windsor, Ont. (1857). President: Ronald lanni. Full-time students: 11,336. Part-time students: 5,207. Tuition: $2,026.

Windsor uses its border-town position to great advantage, offering the country’s only law program from which students graduate

with both Canadian and U.S. qualifications. Students can also take credit courses at universities in neighboring Detroit. The university is home to the internationally regarded Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research and the Canadian-American Research Centre. Windsor also has one of Canada’s top creative writing programs.

Distinguished alumni: Lloyd Atkinson, executive vice-president and chief economist, Bank of Montreal; Richard Peddie, president and CEO of Toronto’s SkyDome.

WINNIPEG: Winnipeg (1877). President: Marsha Hanen. Fulltime students: 2,683. Part-time students: 5,014. Tuition: $2,0i (general arts); $2,435 (science).

Winnipeg’s writing-skills program for entering students has become a model for universities across the country. With its central location and small classes— not one has more than 250 students—Winnipeg has become an accessible urban centre, with a strong roster of undergraduate courses in arts, science, education and theology.

Distinguished alumni: writer Margaret Laurence; Minister of Human Resources Lloyd Axworthy.

YORK: Toronto (1959). President: Susan Mann. Full-time students: 27,228. Part-time students: 15,780. Tuition: $2,026.

Known for its Osgoode Hall law school, space sciences and fine arts programs, York is also recognized as one of the country’s most progressive institutions in handling women’s issues. It was the first university in Canada to set up a facility designed to help victims of sexual harassment or assault and to educate the university community about those problems. York also has a centre for race and ethnic relations that lobbies for changes in course curricula to reflect multicultural perspectives. The university takes pride in its community mandate, with outreach programs and an accessible admissions policy. York has also pioneered joint programs with several community colleges. And this year, the Council for Advancement and Support of Education (CASE) named philosophy professor Claudio Duràn Canadian professor of the year.

Distinguished alumni: Sandie Rinaldo, anchor, CTV national news; writer Neil Bissoondath. □