Spearheaded by U.S. aircraft, UN forces in Somalia blitzed installations of Somali warlord Mohamed Farah Aideed, fought ground battles and arrested scores of gunmen in Mogadishu, the capital. Targets included arms dumps and a radio station Aideed used on behalf of his Somali National Alliance. Pakistani UN forces fired on demonstrators protesting the raids, causing heavy casualties among civilians caught in the crossfire. The Security Council had ordered its troops to track down gunmen, thought to be followers of Aideed, who killed 23 Pakistani soldiers on June 5.
After months of indecision, the United States offered to send 300 soldiers to join an international monitoring force in Macedonia—its first commitment of ground troops in former Yugoslavia. The troops would augment more than 700 Nordic UN peacekeepers already monitoring Macedonia’s borders with Serbia and Albania. At the same time, NATO offered warplanes to defend UN troops deployed in six safe havens for Muslims in war-tom Bosnia.
MASSACRE IN LIBERIA
As the burial of bodies continued, medical workers estimated that as many as 600 people, most of them women and children, were killed in a massacre at a farming camp in Liberia. Survivors and government officials blamed rebels of Charles Taylor’s National Patriotic Front of Liberia, which denied responsibility.
DEATH OF A COLLABORATOR
Paris police arrested Christian Didier, an obscure author who described himself as an agent of God with a mission of returning morality to the world, after he admitted killing Nazi collaborator René Bousquet, 84. As police chief in the wartime Vichy regime, Bousquet ordered the roundup of thousands of French Jews. He was facing charges of committing crimes against humanity.
BAZIN BOWS OUT
Haitian Prime Minister Marc Bazin resigned, saying that he had been unable to install four new cabinet members because of “threats and pressure against them” and citing the Socialist party’s withdrawal from the governing coalition. Bazin became prime minister with backing from the army, which has controlled Haiti since ousting elected President Jean-Bertrand Aristide in a 1991 coup.
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