Each university in the Maclean's survey has a unique history, a distinct mission—and its own particular strengths. The University of Prince Edward Island takes pride in the fact that more than four-fifths of its graduates are Island residents; Bishop’s, in Lennoxville, Que., attracts almost 60 per cent of its student body from outside the province. From the University of Ottawa, the oldest and largest bilingual postsecondary institution in North America, to Manitoba’s Brandon University, where undergraduates can study the Cree, Saulteaux and Sioux languages, the 52 institutions form a rich and diverse group. In the thumbnail sketches below, the student numbers refer to the 19931994 academic year; tuition fees are for undergraduate arts and science courses in September, 1994.

VCADIA: Wolfville, N.S. (1838). 'resident: Kelvin Ogilvie. Full-time students: 3,629. Part-time students: 563. Tuition: $3,205.

Founded as a Baptist college, \cadia now has no religious affilia:ion. What it does have is impressive îcademic offerings, including an enlabie student-faculty ratio, a reputaion for excellence in teaching and an outstanding undergraduate honors jrogram, with all students producing thesis or a major research project. \thletics also play an important role campus life, both at the varsity and ntramural levels, and are well funded jy the alumni. Acadia plays a central •ole in the picturesque community of A/olfville: the school’s enrolment, which includes a large proportion of nternational students, exceeds the :own’s population. The historic camJUS boasts three heritage buildings, ncluding the Seminary House—the

oldest university building still in use in the province.

Distinguished alumni: Sir Charles Tupper, prime minister in 1896; photographer Freeman Patterson.

ALBERTA: Edmonton (1906). President: John McDonald (acting). Full-time students: 26,049. Parttime students: 4,445. Tuition: $2,279.

Canada’s third-largest university, in terms of full-time undergraduate enrolment, Alberta offers an exceptional range of courses. Among its many faculties: law, pharmacy and agriculture, forestry and home economics. The university also boasts some outstanding professors: 11 have received the prestigious National 3M Award for Teaching Excellence. Alberta has coop programs in engineering and business, and similar internship programs in computer science, genetics and mi-

Thumbnail sketches of town and gown

crobiology. The Faculté Saint-Jean offers French-language undergraduate programs in arts, science and education. Alberta’s medical school and mammoth teaching hospital have won renown for groundbreaking research in diabetes.

Distinguished alumni: former prime minister Joe Clark; former Alberta premier Peter Lougheed; writer W. 0. Mitchell.

BISHOP’S: Lennoxville, Que. (1843). Principal: Hugh Scott. Full-time students: 1,913. Part-time students: 640. Tuition: $1,668.

Set in the rolling hills of Quebec’s Eastern Townships, Bishop’s draws students from across Canada—almost 60 per cent come from outside the province—many drawn to the school for its strength in the liberal arts. Three in 10 who enrol list French as their mother tongue. Most classes are in English, although the university offers a program in French literature. Concentrating on undergraduates, Bishop’s is committed to limiting its

full-time enrolment, and has an excellent student-teacher ratio of approximately 14:1. Renowned for their school spirit, the students are a faithful and vocal presence at Gaiters football games, and an unstoppable force at the ubiquitous campus celebrations that unfold from Frosh Week to Winter Carnival. The campus is home to the Eastern Townships Research Centre, which houses extensive archival material about the area.

Distinguished alumni: author Michael Ondaatje; Norman Webster, former editor of The Montreal Gazette.

BRANDON: Brandon, Man. (1899). President: Dennis Anderson. Fulltime students: 1,678. Part-time students: 2,014. Tuition: $1,987.

Accessibility is the hallmark of Brandon, Manitoba’s only university outside Winnipeg. The majority of students come from northern and

western Manitoba, and only a passing high-school grade average is required to be eligible for admission. The university has an impressive native studies program and offers courses in the Cree, Saulteaux and Sioux languages. Brandon is a leader in community-based teacher training. The Project for the Education of Native Teachers provides a flexible framework in which students can work in their communities as teacher assistants while attending classes at Brandon. As well, Brandon has an enviable centre of musical study.

Distinguished alumni: former NDP leader Tommy Douglas; sports writer and Maclean’s columnist Trent Frayne.

BRITISH COLUMBIA (UBC): Vancouver (1908). President:

David Strangway. Full-time students: 24,051. Part-time students: 6,950. Tuition: $2,198.

The sprawling, forested UBC campus features a golf course, Japanese gardens and a museum of anthropology, home to one of the world’s best collections of Northwest Coast Indian artifacts. Noted for its strength in commerce, forestry, engineering and biotechnology, UBC offers courses in over 100 disciplines. Last year, the university introduced Science One, a multidisciplinary program for first-year students, that boasts small, select classes in biology, chemistry, math and physics. UBC has forged strong links with the Pacific Rim, with roughly 90 courses focused on Japan alone, as well as numerous joint projects and exchanges throughout Asia. Students can take advantage of the natural surroundings—hiking, mountain biking and ski-

ing are immensely popular, as is the intramural sports program, Canada’s largest.

Distinguished alumni: former prime minister John Turner; columnist Allan Fotheringham; B.C. Premier Michael Harcourt.

BROCK: St. Catharines, Ont. (1964). President: Terrence White. Full-time students: 6,458. Part-time students: 4,522. Tuition: $2,412.

Nestled in Ontario’s Niagara region, Brock offers an intimate, small-school atmosphere, with the bustle of a growing university. Over the past five years, Brock has added a building that houses the departments of business, economics and politics, as well as a new student centre. Last year, Brock opened a new wing of its science complex devoted to computer science, mathematics and the life sciences. The university offers co-op programs in accounting as well as urban and environmental studies. Known for its strength in physical education, Brock is also proud of its innovative Great Books Program, a four-year course of study of logic, rhetoric, poetics, criticism, science and classics.

Distinguished alumni: Christina Pochmursky, co-host and executive producer of CBC News-

world’s Business World; Karl Kaiser, co-owner and vintner of Inniskillin Wines.

CALGARY: Calgary (1966). President:

Murray Fraser. Full-time students: 18,000. Part-time students: 4,311. Tuition: $2,390.

Since becoming autonomous from the University of Alberta in 1966, Calgary has emerged as a leading research university. It boasts seven government-sponsored Federal Centres of Excellence, as well as numerous other research facilities, including those dedicated to Arctic studies, space exploration and petroleum engineering. The university also offers the country’s

only combined engineering and humanities degree, as well as the first part-time graduate program in continuing education. Excellent athletic facilities include an Olympic-size swimming pool as well as a world-class speed-skating rink, a legacy of the 1988 Winter Games.

Distinguished alumni: astronaut Dr. Robert Thirsk; Olympic gold medallist Mark Tewksbury.

CAPE BRETON (UCCB): Sydney, N.S. (1974). President: Jacquelyn Thayer Scott. Full-time students: 4,175. Parttime students: 388. Tuition: $2,800.

Born of the union between the Nova Scotia Eastern Institute of Technology and the Sydney campus of St. Francis Xavier University, UCCB is

the only postsecondary institution in Canada to grant degrees, technical diplomas and trade certificates. UCCB encourages transfer between its different programs: academic concentrations provide the opportunity to study both liberal and technological courses. Home to the Atlantic region’s only undergraduate degree in environmental technology, UCCB also offers training in high-tech computer-aided design.

Distinguished alumni: Maj.-Gen. Lewis MacKenzie, former commander of the UN peacekeeping force in Bosnia-Herzegovina; David Dingwall, federal minister of public works.

CARLETON: Ottawa (1942). President:

Robin Farquhar. Full-time students: 16,749. Part-time students: 5,662. Tuition: $2,373.

Carleton offers both undergraduate and graduate journalism programs that attract students from across the country. Drawing on its position in the nation’s capital, the university also offers strong programs in public administration, political science, international affairs, telecommunications and Canadian studies.

Distinguished alumni: businessman and media mogul Conrad Black; Arthur Kent, host of CBC’s Man Alive.

CONCORDIA: Montreal (1974). Rector: Charles Bertrand (acting). Full-time students: 13,644. Part-time students: 11,424. Tuition: $1,663.

Concordia attracts creative undergraduates to its fine art, film and communications studies programs. In 1987, it became the first university in the Western world to set up joint doctoral programs with universities in Communist China. As well, it is home to the Simone de Beauvoir Institute, a women’s studies centre established eight years after Loyola College, which was amalgamated with Sir George Williams to form Concordia, introduced Canada’s first program in that field in 1970.

Distinguished alumni: former governor general Georges Vanier (Loyola College); writer Nino Ricci.

DALHOUSIE: Halifax (1818). President: Howard Clark. Full-time students: 9,398. Part-time students: 1,570. Tuition: $2,920 (arts), $3,225 (science).

Known as the research powerhouse of Atlantic Canada, Dalhousie is also one of Canada’s oldest and most respected universities. Home to 12 research institutes, including the Centre for Marine Geology, the Centre for Foreign Policy Studies and the Health Law Institute, the school offers a wide variety of graduate programs. The prestigious law school has produced a who’s who of Canadian politicians and lawyers. In 1994, the university established the James Robinson Johnston Chair in AfroCanadian studies, in conjunction with the founding of the first academic program in the country dedicated to the study of black Canadian history and culture.

Distinguished alumni: former P.E.I. premier Joe Ghiz; author Hugh MacLennan.

GUELPH: Guelph, Ont. (1964). President: Mordechai Rozanski. Full-time students: 12,322. Part-time students: 3,044. Tuition: $2,228.

Guelph has established an international reputation for its agriculture and veterinary medicine programs. As well, the university has developed innovative approaches to arts and science education, offering degrees that focus on ecology, human settlements, international development and European studies. A new doctoral program in rural studies, launched in 1994, is the first in Canada. To help students adjust to the demands of university life, Guelph has also developed a series of noncredit transition programs on such subjects as relationships and personal finance. When not studying, students can enjoy the 408-acre arboretum that borders the campus, home to 2,000 species of trees and shrubs as well as nature trails popular with naturalists and joggers.

Distinguished alumni: federal NDP Leader Audrey McLaughlin; economist John Kenneth Galbraith.

LAKEHEAD: Thunder Bay, Ont. (1965). President: Robert Rosehart. Full-time students: 5,821. Part-time students: 1,880. Tuition: $2,228.

Lakehead University takes advantage of its unique location to provide an extensive range of learning choices and alternatives. It has tailored much of its curriculum to reflect the natural resources and environmental issues of the boreal forest region of Lake Superior. Known for its native programming, in 1993 Lakehead became the first Canadian university to receive the prestigious Rockefeller Foundation Humanities Fellowship, granted in recognition of the university’s initiative in exploring native philosophy. The school recently joined forces with the World Nordic Ski Championships, which will be held in Thunder Bay in March, 1995, to establish the Lakehead University Nordic Sport Re-

search and Testing Institute—whose aim will be to provide a world-class centre for the research and assessment of winter athletes. Distinguished alumni: Ontario Liberal Leader ïtJÊÊË Lyn McLeod; native artist Goyce Kakegamic.

LAURENTIAN: Sudbury, Ont. (1960).

President: Ross Paul. Full-time students: 5,175. Part-time students: 2,278. Tuition: $2,228.

Set among rocky, forested hills, Laurentian’s scenic 750-acre campus overlooks three lakes. Officially bilingual, Laurentian awards graduating students a certificate of bilingualism when they pass a written and oral language test in their second language. Known for its studies in mining engineering, Laurentian has also become a world leader in ecological recovery research. The university has recently developed a number of collaborative programs—notably Canada’s first bachelor’s degree program in midwifery with McMaster University and Ryerson Polytechnic University (with Laurentian granting the world’s only French-language bachelor of health science in midwifery). As well, agreements with Sudbury’s Cambrian College facilitate credit transfers and joint programs between the two institutions.

Distinguished alumni: Olympic swimming gold medallist Alex Baumann; native artist Leland Bell.

LAVAL: Quebec City (1663). Rector: Michel Gervais. Full-time students: 25,079. Parttime students: 11,068. Tuition: $1,670.

North America’s first francophone university,

Laval graduated many of the architects of Quebec’s Quiet Revolution. Still one of the province’s premier postsecondary institutions, Laval offers a full range of professional degrees. It offers architecture and pharmacy programs, as well as Quebec’s only French-language forestry and agriculture degrees. Laval places heavy emphasis on research, participating in 10 government-sponsored Federal Centres of Excellence, notably robotics and genetics.

Distinguished alumni: Prime Minister Jean Chrétien; Opposition Leader Lucien Bouchard.

LETHBRIDGE: Lethbridge, Alta. (1967). President: Howard Tennant. Full-time students: 3,710. Part-time students: 534. Tuition: $2,380.

A small university with a focus on undergraduate education, Lethbridge insists that its students take a mix of humanities, social sciences and natural sci-

ence. The university has been working on programs with the native community for more than 15 years, and is known for its management programs for native students. Its faculty of education, which emphasizes practical teaching experience, has a strong reputation. With artworks numbering in the thousands, with an approximate value of more than $22 million, the University of Leth-

bridge collection is regarded by many as the finest public art collection west of Toronto.

Distinguished alumni: Leroy Little Bear, former legal adviser to the Assembly of First Nations and now chairman of Native American Studies at Lethbridge; Canadian Opera Company soprano Wendy Nielsen.

MANITOBA: Winnipeg (1877). President: Arnold Naimark. Full-time students: 15,235. Part-time students: 9,177. Tuition: $2,261 (general arts), $2,629 (science).

The oldest university in Western Canada, Manitoba is one of the country’s major research institutions, with specialties in medicine, engineering and agriculture. It excels in serving the needs of many nontraditional students, offering noncredit professional and management courses to more than 10,000 people each year. The university also has a special outreach program that encourages native students to study social work, engineering, nursing and education, and to enrol in prerequisite courses for medicine, dentistry and law.

Distinguished alumni: former governor general Edward Schreyer; Ovide Mercredi, national chief of the Assembly of First Nations.

McGILL: Montreal (1821). Principal:

Bernard Shapiro. Full-time students: 21,042. Part-time students: 5,442. Tuition: $1,668.

Often dubbed the Ivy League school of the north, McGill draws more Americans than any other Canadian university. The large number of foreign students, who come from more than 100 countries, bears testament to McGill’s in-

ternational reputation. The university, located in the heart of downtown Montreal, has a strong research reputation, attracting numerous government and private grants in both the sciences and the humanities. The Institute for the Study of Canada, under the leadership of historian Desmond Morton, officially opened in July. Four McGill graduates have won Nobel Prizes since 1977, and the university has produced 101 Rhodes Scholars.

Distinguish alumni: former prime minister Sir Wilfrid Laurier; poet and musician Leonard Cohen.

McMASTER: Hamilton, Ont. (1887). President: Geraldine Kenney-Wailace. Fulltime students: 13,843. Part-time students: 3,800. Tuition: $2,579.

Universities around the world have used McMaster’s unique medical school as a model in redesigning their programs. After a rigorous admission process that admits candidates from both science and non-science backgrounds, McMaster students work in small groups to examine the social, psychological and biological aspects of medical problems. Other innovations include a midwifery degree, offered with Laurentian and Ryerson, and the interdisciplinary engineering-and-society and indigenous studies programs. McMaster recently installed its first electronic classroom, linking students and instructors by video with those at the universities of Guelph and Waterloo in simultaneous interactive classes, in courses ranging from physics to music. Professor emeritus of physics Bertram Neville Brockhouse won the Nobel Prize this year for his research on atoms in condensed matter.

Distinguished alumni: astronaut Roberta Bondar; Lincoln Alexander, former lieutenant-governor of Ontario; actor and comedian Martin Short.

MEMORIAL: St. John’s, Nfld. (1925). President: Arthur May. Full-time students: 12,347. Part-time students: 4,125. Tuition: $2,140.

The largest university east of Montreal and Newfoundland’s only university, Memorial is well-known for its research in marine biology, oceanography and ice-formation studies. Although centred in St. John’s, Memorial’s extensive distance-learning program brings university courses to all parts of the province.

Distinguished alumni: John Fraser, former editor of Saturday Night magazine; Newfoundland Premier Clyde Wells.

MONCTON: Moncton, Edmundston and Shippagan, N.B. (1963). Rector: JeanBernard Robichaud. Full-time students: 5,547. Part-time students: 1,820. Tuition: $2,152.

New Brunswick’s only francophone university is a major centre for the study of Acadian culture, and attracts French-speaking students from across Canada. Moncton’s law school was the first in the world to offer common-law studies in French and has gained widespread recognition for its research in that area. The Aigles Bleus, Moncton’s hockey team, have been the Canadian university champs three times since 1980.

Distinguished alumni: writer Antonine Maillet, winner of the Prix Goncourt; senator and former New Brunswick premier Louis Robichaud.

MONTREAL: (Université de Montréal), Montreal (1878). Rector: René Simard. Fulltime students: 26,512. Part-time students: 24,276. Tuition: $1,836.

North America’s largest francophone university has an international reputation for groundbreaking research, particularly in health sciences. With more than 50,000 students, Montreal and its two affiliated schools—Ecole polytechnique (engineering) and Ecole des hautes études commerciales (business)—offer a huge array of courses. Montreal draws an unusually high number of women in medicine, dentistry and veterinary studies.

Distinguished alumni: former prime minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau; Sylvie Fréchette, winner of the 1992 Olympic gold medal in solo synchronized swimming.

MOUNT ALLISON: Sackville, N.B. (1843). President: Ian Newbould. Full-time students: 2,210. Part-time students: 160. Tuition: $2,890.

One-quarter of the small student body arrives at Mount Allison with averages of 90 per cent or better; three in four have averages above 80 per cent. Once there, students find a close-knit campus atmosphere, where undergraduates, especially in their upper years, are able to participate in research projects with faculty. The university recently completed an extensive rewiring of the campus computer network, enabling all students to access library holdings, as well as the worldwide Internet system, from terminals in their residence rooms. Mount Allison has also developed international ties through student exchange programs with universities in France, Germany, Mexico and Scotland. To date, the university has produced 41 Rhodes Scholars.

Distinguished alumni: artist Alex Colville; P.E.I. Premier Catherine Callbeck.

MOUNT SAINT VINCENT: Halifax (1873). President: Elizabeth Parr-Johnston. Full-time students: 2,134. Part-time students: 1,502. Tuition: $2,825.

Mount Saint Vincent remains a leader in providing equal opportunities for women, who make up 85 per cent of the student population. Established by the Roman Catholic Sisters of Charity, the university began accepting men in 1967, and its emphasis on flexible class times and distance education attracts both men and women with family and work responsibilities. The university set up the Institute for the Study of Women in 1981, a women’s studies department in 1984 and an honors program in women’s studies in 1986. It was the first English-speaking university in Canada to offer a bachelor of public relations degree, and is the only university in Atlantic Canada to offer degrees in tourism and hospitality management.

Distinguished alumni: Halifax Liberal MP Mary Clancy; educator Dorothy Wills, founding member of the National Black Coalition of Canada.

NEW BRUNSWICK (UNB) : Fredericton and Saint John (1785). President: Robin Armstrong. Full-time students: 9,405. Parttime students: 2,778. Tuition: $2,470.

UNB is the second-oldest university in Canada. Its two campuses offer the intimacy of small schools with the resources of a larger institution. The university is widely recognized for its excellence in nursing and engineering— and it has the only forest engineering program

in the country. Students can also pursue studies on the Atlantic region and Third World issues. Varsity teams are hugely popular, particularly the men’s hockey squad, whose home arena, Aitken University Centre, is considered one of the finest university arenas in Canada.

Distinguished alumni: political columnist Dalton Camp; singer Anne Murray.

NIPISSING: North Bay, Ont. (1992). President: David Marshall. Full-time students: 1,251. Part-time students: 1,958. Tuition: $2,170.

Set on a 720-acre escarpment of woodland overlooking the city of North Bay, Nipissing became an independent university in 1992, after 25 years as an affiliated campus of Laurentian University in Sudbury. Nipissing offers undergraduate degrees in a variety of programs, including administrative studies, environmental geography, social welfare, education and business administration. Comparatively small classes make for an intimate learning atmosphere, and students are actively encouraged to participate in faculty research projects. Although 350 km north of Toronto, Nipissing attracts more than a quarter of its students from southern Ontario. And it has extended its reach internationally through faculty and student projects in the Caribbean, France and Germany. Construction is currently under way to expand campus facilities to include a new student centre, music theatre, language lab and science lab.

Distinguished alumnus: Ontario Conservative Leader Michael Harris.

OTTAWA: Ottawa (1848). Rector: Marcel Hamelin. Full-time students: 16,495. Part-time students: 8,611. Tuition: $2,228.

North America’s oldest and largest bilingual university, Ottawa takes its dual-language mandate seriously. In addition to offering almost all programs in both official languages, the university encourages students to become proficient in English and French before graduating. It has more francophone students than any North American university outside Quebec. Ottawa’s law school, the largest in Canada, offers civil law in French and common law in both languages. The school offers strong programs in human rights studies, public administration, political science and translation. A new science building that houses 25 chemistry and biology labs was inaugurated in May. Ottawa is also home to the Canadian Women’s Movement Archives, the largest and most exhaustive collection of its kind in Canada.

Distinguished alumni: lawyer Maureen McTeer; Alex Trebek, host of the TV show Jeopardy!.

PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND: Charlottetown (1969). President: William Eliot. Full-time students: 2,692. Part-time students: 787. Tuition: $2,620.

The university hosts Atlantic Canada’s only veterinary program, which draws students and faculty from around the world. It also offers degrees in arts, science, education, music, nursing and business administration. It is home to the Institute of Island Studies and the L. M. Montgomery Institute, opened in 1993 and dedicated to research on Prince Edward Island’s most famous author. But the university’s chief mandate is to deliver higher education to the province’s residents: more than 80 per cent of its students come from the island. Teaching is the top priority, and professors are evaluated on a regular basis by the students.

Distinguished alumni: TV journalist Mike Duffy; writer Lucy Maud Montgomery.


(UQAM): Montreal (1969). Rector: Claude Corbo. Full-time students: 18,883. Part-time students: 22,174. Tuition: $1,665.

In the heart of Montreal’s Latin Quarter, UQAM is a truly urban school. It offers 175 programs, one-third at the graduate level, and has developed a strong reputation in semiology, linguistics and atmospheric sciences. In the

area of environmental science, UQAM has been a national pioneer, and was the first Canadian university to offer a doctoral program in the subject. Through a network of 11 regional campuses and institutions, as well as a program of distance learning, UQAM and its affiliates serve students across the entire province.

Distinguished alumni: Pierre Karl Péladeau, president and general manager, Quebecor Printing-Europe; author and Governor General’s Award-winner Madeleine Ouellette-Michalska.

UNIVERSITE DU QUEBEC: Chicoutimi, Hull, Rimouski, Trois-Rivières. Full-time students: 13,939. Part-time students: 17,551.

Tuition: $1,665.

The Université du Québec is part of a network of several regional campuses and institutions. Each offers unique specializations, including mineral resources and population trends (Chicoutimi), social work and industrial relations (Hull), marine sciences (Rimouski) and

small-business management (Trois-Rivières).

Distinguished alumni: Denise Verreault, secretary-treasurer of Verreault Navigation Inc. (Rimouski); Marc-Yvan Côté, tornier Quebec minister of health and social services (Trois-Rivières).

QUEEN’S: Kingston, Ont. (1841). Principal: William Leggett. Full-time students: 13,069. Part-time students: 3,551. Tuition: $2,228.

With the highest admission standards in the country, Queen’s is Canada’s most exclusive university. In the fall of 1993, 95 per cent of first-year students entered with at least an 80per-cent average. The university is particularly strong in business, biological sciences, engineering and political studies. Ninety per cent of students are from out of town, making Queen’s one of Canada’s most residential universities. The campus may be even better known for its school spirit—with sold-out football games

and a homecoming weekend that draws thousands of alumni from across the country. The $42-million Joseph S. Stauffer Library, which opened this fall, covers five acres on the edge of campus and offers state-of-the-art electronic services and hookups to libraries around the world.

Distinguished alumni: author Robertson Davies; Derek Burney, former Canadian ambassador to the United States.

REGINA: Regina (1974). President: Donald Wells. Full-time students: 7,981. Part-time students:

3,559. Tuition: $2,490. Regina has Western Canada’s only arts baccalaureate in journalism. A program in Indian communications arts prepares

native students for entry into the school of journal-

ism or to work on reserve newspapers. The university is also home to the renowned Saskatchewan Indian Federated College, North America’s only native-run degree-granting institution. Three years ago, Regina opened a $10-million language institute to enhance the teaching of French and to promote and preserve French culture in Saskatchewan.

Distinguished alumni: TV journalist Pamela Wallin; John Hewson, leader of the Australian Liberal party.

RYERSON: Toronto (1993). President: Terence Grier. Full-time students: 9,621. Part-time students: 12,060. Tuition:


Ryerson Polytechnic University provides a unique blend of theory and practical learning. Founded 46 years ago as a technical institute, Ryerson received its university charter last year, and offers 31 undergraduate degree programs in such diverse fields as arts, applied

arts, community services, engineering, applied science and business. The school also offers Canada’s only undergraduate degree programs in radio and television arts, graphic communications management, environmental health and fashion, as well as Canada’s first degree program in midwifery in conjunction with Laurentian and McMaster. Ryerson’s renowned journalism school focuses on handson, real-life experience. As a full-fledged university, Ryerson’s mandate has expanded to include a funded research role and the development of graduate programs, which will come » on-stream by 1997.

Distinguished alumni: fashion designer Lida B Baday; Haida artist Bill Reid; Jeffrey Perkins, gj| winner of the 1991 Best Sound Oscar for j Dances with Wolves.

ST. FRANCIS XAVIER: Antigonish, N.S.

(1853). President: David Lawless. Full-time students: 3,164. Part-time students: 504.

Tuition: $2,925.

St. Francis Xavier aims for excellence in teaching the undergraduate. In fact, in the Pri|| marily Undergraduate category of the Maclean’s survey, St. Francis Xavier had the highest percentage of first-year classes taught M by tenured and tenure-stream professors. Its || Coady International Institute offers a commum nity leadership development course to people B on campus and abroad from more than 122 developing countries. Begun in 1959, it is named after Moses Coady, one of the two Roman Catholic priests who started the “Antigonish movement,” a series of self-help initiatives for Maritime farmers and fishermen in the late 1920s. The university has an active Celtic studies program, offering North America’s only opportunity to study three levels of Scottish Gaelic.

Distinguished alumni: Richard Cashin, former president of Newfoundland Fishermen,

Food and Allied Workers Union; Pierre Pagé, former coach and general manager of the Quebec Nordiques.

SAINT MARY’S: Halifax (1802). President: Kenneth Ozmon. Full-time students: 5,408. Part-time students: 2,943. Tuition: $2,870.

Founded in 1802, Saint Mary’s is one of the oldest English-speaking universities in Canada. In addition to strong arts and science programs, the school is known for its executive and adult development programs in subjects ranging from business to science. The first university in Nova Scotia to offer a commerce degree, it now has the largest such program in the province. Saint Mary’s also boasted the first continuing education classes in 1953, and the first computer in the region in 1959. In addition, the university is a leader in providing resources and facilities for students with physical disabilities. Situated in the south end of Halifax, Saint Mary’s puts an emphasis on community service, with a majority of students and staff volunteering their time. A number of faculties take part in exchange programs in countries such as Japan, China, Vietnam, Mexico and the United States.

Distinguished alumni: Gerald Regan, former premier of Nova Scotia; Alan R. Abraham, former lieutenant-governor of Nova Scotia and a recipient of the Order of Canada.

ST. THOMAS: Fredericton (1910). President: Daniel O’Brien. Full-time students: 1,933. Part-time students: 275. Tuition: $2,047.

Students get the best of both worlds at St. Thomas—the intimacy of a small institution, with roots in the Roman Catholic Church, and access to the resources of a larger campus, the University of New Brunswick, located just across the street. The two universities share library, athletic and cultural facilities, as well as a wide range of student services. St. Thomas offers degree programs in the liberal arts, education and social work as well as certificates in gerontology, criminology and social justice. Located on a hilltop, the university has recently refurbished its grounds and many of its buildings in an effort to make the entire campus wheelchair accessible. A new multipurpose academic building, Sir James Dunn Hall, houses classrooms, computer labs, a theatre, lounge space and a cafeteria.

Distinguished alumni: novelist David Adams Richards; Sheree Lyn Fitch, children’s writer.

SASKATCHEWAN: Saskatoon (1907). President: J. W. George Ivany. Full-time students: 14,586. Part-time students:

3,459. Tuition: $2,430.

As the research centre for a province whose economy relies heavily on farming, the University of Saskatchewan was Canada’s first university to offer programs in both agriculture and liberal arts. More than three-quarters of the 1,865-acre campus is devoted to a farm, and the university is highly regarded for its work in advanced technology, having forged strong links with industry through Innovation Place, one of the 20 largest research parks in the world. Among the park’s residents is the internationally renowned Bioinsecticide Research Laboratory, and Western

Canada’s first and only Toxicology Research Centre. Saskatchewan has also earned respect for its professional schools in law, medicine, nursing, pharmacy and nutrition, and veterinary medicine. Three-quarters of Canada’s aboriginal lawyers are graduates of the award-winning Native Law Centre.

Distinguished alumni: former prime minister John Diefenbaker; Gov. Gen. Ramon Hnatyshyn.

SHERBROOKE: Sherbrooke, Que. (1954). Rector: Pierre Reid. Full-time students: 10,889. Part-time students: 9,280. Tuition: $1,668.

Almost 4,000 students are enrolled in Sherbrooke’s co-op program, making it the largest in Quebec and the second-largest in the country. The university offers that work-study option to undergraduate students in 18 disciplines and to graduate students in business administration and economics. Sherbrooke’s medical school is a leading research centre in Quebec.

Distinguished alumni: Conservative MP Jean Charest; Laurent Beaudoin, chairman and chief executive officer of Bombardier Inc.

SIMON FRASER: Burnaby, B.C. (1963). President: John Stubbs. Full-time students: 9,202. Part-time students: 7,900. Tuition: $2,190.

Under Simon Fraser’s progressive trimester system, students can start their school year in the fall, winter or spring. The 12-month schedule allows full-time students, most attending the mountaintop Burnaby campus, to earn their degrees faster than at more traditional institutions. Simon Fraser also offers co-op programs in several disciplines, including chartered accounting, communications and engineering. The modern downtown Harbour Centre campus on Hastings Street emphasizes access to part-time and evening students. The newly opened $40-million West Mall Complex on the Burnaby campus includes the faculties of business administration and economics. Construction has also begun on a $33-million student services building and $1.3-million addition to the on-campus day care facility. Simon Fraser’s faculty includes one of Canada’s best-known economists, Richard Lipsey.

Distinguished alumni: former auditor general Kenneth Dye; runner Terry Fox.

TORONTO: Toronto (1827). President:

Robert Prichard. Full-time students: 37,093. Part-time students: 16,098. Tuition: $2,228.

Size, diversity and prestige are the hallmarks of the University of Toronto, Canada’s largest university. It has 129 academic departments, 49 libraries, 14 newspapers and more than 400,000 graduates. The university has seven affiliated undergraduate colleges on its main campus (St. George), as well as two suburban colleges, Erindale in Mississauga, and Scarborough. The University of Toronto is known for its research prowess—it boasts chemistry Nobelist John Polanyi and PhD programs in 80 disciplines ranging from aerospace science to zoology. Also, it offers Ontario’s only undergraduate pharmacy program, and last year introduced two new master’s degrees, in nursing and occupational hygiene. Hart House, located in a handsome limestone building, is the centre of life outside the classroom: there, generations of students have attended classical concerts and jazz nights, taken part in public debates and joined a variety of campus clubs.

Distinguished alumni: prime ministers William Lyon Mackenzie King and Lester B. Pearson; author Margaret Atwood.

TRENT: Peterborough, Ont. (1963). President: Leonard Conolly. Full-time students: 3,833. Part-time students: 1,666. Tuition: $2,228.

Academic innovation and an idyllic setting

are two of Trent’s greatest assets. The university established Canada’s first native studies program in 1969 and North America’s first undergraduate program in cultural studies in 1978. As well, it offers interdisciplinary degrees in Canadian studies, women’s studies, and environmental and resource studies. Trent began offering its sole PhD program—in watershed ecosystems—in January, 1994. Along with nearby Sir Sandford Fleming College, the university offers joint programs in museum stud-

ies, nursing and geographical information systems, which combines geography and cartography. Huddled on the banks of the Otonabee River, Trent’s main campus features awardwinning designs by Canadian architects Ron Thom and Richard Henriquez.

Distinguished alumni: Rob Mailand, Olympic gold medallist in rowing; writer Yann Martel.

VICTORIA: Victoria (1902). President: David Strong. Full-time students: 9,601. Part-time students: 5,557. Tuition: $2,130.

The University of Victoria offers the only co-op law program in the country, as well as co-op options in subjects ranging from computer science to creative writing. The university is internationally renowned for its marine biology program, and was the first Canadian English-language university to offer a degree program in child and youthcare studies. Already strong in environmental studies, Victoria is also the new home to the Canadian Centre for Climate Integration and Prediction. Site of the National Coaching Institute, Victoria is acclaimed for its athletics program, and over the past year upgraded many of its sports facilities in preparation for playing host to several of the events of the 1994 Commonwealth Games.

Distinguished alumni: Edmonton Journal publisher Linda Hughes; writer W. P. Kinsella.

WATERLOO: Waterloo, Ont. (1957). President: James Downey. Full-time students: 18,004. Part-time students:

5,646. Tuition: $2,228.

With the world’s largest co-op program, and more mathematics students than any university in the world, Waterloo has an international reputation for academic excellence. Roughly 10,000 people, or more than half the full-time student body, work in 2,400 companies worldwide. Redmond, Wash.-based Microsoft Corp., for one, has hired more computer science graduates from Waterloo than from any other university in the world. Waterloo earns an average of $2 million annually in royalty and licence income from inventions, and educational software designed by Waterloo scholars is now licensed to universities in more than 50 countries. A new joint journalism program with Conestoga College is the latest addition to the university’s arts program. As well, the university recently added a student-funded student centre and physical recreation facility.

Distinguished alumni: Frank Clegg, general manager, Microsoft Canada Inc.; William Reeves, Academy Award-winner for computer animation.

WESTERN ONTARIO: London, Ont. (1878). President: Paul Davenport. Full-time students: 21,902. Part-time students:

6,174. Tuition: $2,228.

One of Ontario’s oldest and most prestigious universities, Western has professional schools in journalism, business, dentistry, education, engineering, law, medicine, nursing, and library and information sciences. The university is a world leader in international business education, and its medical school is widely renowned for work in organ transplants and neurosurgery. In 1994, the John Labatt Visual Arts Centre, housing a lecture theatre, library, computer facilities and studio space, opened its doors to more than 350 visual-arts majors. On the social side, fraternities and sororities thrive at Western—often dubbed Canada’s preppiest university. The university is also proud of the charity tund-raisiny efforts of its student body.

Distinguished alumni: writer Alice Munro; former Ontario premier David Peteiaon.

WILFRID LAURIER: Waterloo, Ont. (1911). President: Lorna Marsden. Full-time students: 5,408. Part-time students: 2,893. Tuition: $2,024.

Laurier has the hiyhest ratio of applicants per available spaces in the country. Almost

three-quarters of its first-year students have averages of 80 per cent or more. Its business coop program and graduate degree in social work are both highly regarded. The university’s MBA program is considered one of the best in the country, and has recently been retooled to make it Canada’s first 12-month graduate business program. As well, Laurier is renowned for its faculty of music, which has a strong emphasis on performance and features an innovative music therapy program. A new $18-million sci-

ence building is scheduled to open its doors in January, 1995. The building will house the departments of biology, chemistry, physics, computer science and psychology.

Distinguished alumni: opera singer Theodore Baerg; Donald Campbell, Canada’s ambassador to Japan.

WINDSOR: Windsor, Ont. (1857). President: Ronald lanni. Full-time students: 10,994. Part-time students: 4,894. Tuition: $2,228.

Windsor uses its border-town position to great advantage, offering the country’s only law program from which students graduate with both Canadian and U.S. qualifications. Students can also take selected credit courses at universities in neighboring Detroit. The university is home to the internationally regarded Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research and the Canadian-American Research Centre. Windsor also has one of Canada’s top creative writing programs, and has the only engineering faculty in the country headed by a woman, Hoda ElMaraghy. Athletics is also strong at Windsor, where for the past four years, the women’s and men’s track-and-field teams have won more provincial and national intercollegiate titles than any other university in Canada.

Distinguished alumni: Supreme Court Justice Peter de Carteret Cory; Anna Maria Tremonti, CBC TV foreign correspondent.

WINNIPEG: Winnipeg (1871). President: Marsha Hanen. Full-time students: 2,891. Parttime students: 4,892. Tuition: $2,183 (arts), $2,556 (science).

Winnipeg’s writing-skills program for entering students has become a model for universities across the country. With its central location and small classes—the average class size is 32 students—Winnipeg has become an accessible urban centre, with a strong roster of undergraduate courses in arts, science and education.

Distinguished alumni: writer Margaret Laurence; Minister of Human Resources Lloyd Axworthy.

YORK: Toronto (1959). President: Susan Mann. Full-time students: 26,786. Part-time students: 10,639. Tuition: $2,228.

Dedicated to teaching, York prides itself on having its top scholars at the front of undergraduate classes. In addition to its strengths in the arts and sciences—history, political science and space science stand out—the university also offers unique programs in fine arts, environmental studies and business. Research centres, graduate programs and professional schools, including education, administrative studies, social work and the prestigious Osgoode Hall law school, reinforce the academic core of undergraduate studies. The smaller Glendon College campus offers liberal arts studies in a bilingual setting. York is also recognized as one of the country’s most progressive institutions in handling women’s issues and was the first university in Canada to set up a facility designed to help victims of sexual harassment or assault and to educate the university community about those problems.

Distinguished alumni: Sandie Rinaldo, anchor, C7V National News; writer Neil Bissoondath; astronaut Steve MacLean.